Beijing

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Beijing
北京
Municipality
Municipality o Beijing • 北京市
Clockwise frae top: Tiananmen, Temple o Heaven, National Grand Theatre, an Beijing National Stadium
Location o Beijing Municipality athin Cheenae
Coordinates: 39°54′50″N 116°23′30″E / 39.91389°N 116.39167°E / 39.91389; 116.39167
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Diveesions[1]
 - Coonty-level
 - Tounship-level

16 destricts, 2 counties
289 touns an veelages
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • CPC Ctte Secretary Guo Jinlong
 • Mayor Wang Anshun
Area
 • Municipality 16,801.25 km2 (6,487.00 sq mi)
Elevation 43.5 m (142.7 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Municipality 19,612,368
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Ranks in Cheenae Population: 26t;
Density: 4t
Demonym Beijinger
Major ethnic groups
 • Han 96%
 • Manchu 2%
 • Hui 2%
 • Mongol 0.3%
Time zone Cheenae Staundart time (UTC+8)
Postal code 100000 – 102629
Area code(s) 10
GDP[3] 2011
 - Total CNY 1.6 trillion
US$ 247.7 billion (13t)
 - Per caipita CNY 80,394
US$ 12,447 (3rd)
 - Growt Increase 8.1%
HDI (2008) 0.891 (2nt) – vera heich
License plate prefixes 京A, C, E, F, H, J, K, L, M, N, P
京B (taxis)
京G, Y (ootside urban aurie)
京O (poliw an authorities)
京V (in red color) (militar heidquairters,
central govrenment)
Ceety trees Cheenese arborvitae (Platycladus orientalis)
  Pagoda tree (Sophora japonica)
City flowers Cheenae rose (Rosa chinensis)
  Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium)
Website www.ebeijing.gov.cn
Beijing
Cheenese 北京
Hanyu Pinyin Běijīng
Aboot this soond [Listen] 
Literal meanin Northren capital

Beijing is the caipital o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. The ceety is kent as Peking an aw. It's locatit in the nor'east o the kintra.

The Forbidden Ceety, hames tae the Emperors o the Ming an Qing Deenasties.

The ceity o Beijing haes played a gey important pairt in the oncome o Cheenae. Mony fowk fae ither ceeties an kintras haes flittit tae Beijing tae leuk for wark. Near-haund 15 meellion fowk bides there. In 2008 Beijing hostit the Olympic Gemmes.

Beijing haes a kenspeckle history. Syne the Jin deenasty, Beijing's been the caipital for mony deenasties, sic as the Yuan, Ming, Qing, an ithers forby. There's mony places o historic interest in Beijing. Thir places includes the Summer Pailace, the Temple o Heiven, an the Great Waw o Cheenae.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Beijing means "the northren caipital" in the Cheenae leid. It wis ance a coonterpairt tae Nanjing, "the soothren caipital", durin the Ming Deenasty. This deenasty gied Beijing its name.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The middle o Beijing wis settelt in the 1st millennium BC. In thae days, the Kinrick o Yan (?) set up their caipital whaur Beijing is the day. They cried it Ji (?). Efter the Kinrick o Yan wis malafoustert, the ceity becam wee-er, awtho it wis still an important place.

Beijing becam mair important again in the 10t century, whan the Jin deenasty set its caipital there. This ceity wis malafoustert bi Mongol arimies in 1215. Then in 1267, Mongols biggit a new ceity on the north lip o the Jin caipital, an cried it "Great Caipital" (??). That wis the beginnin o modren Beijing. Whan Kublai Khan, the Mongolian monarch, set up the Yuan deenasty, this ceity becam his caipital.

The Yuan, Ming, an Qing deenasties aw uised Beijing as their caipitals. Whan the Qing deenasty tint pouer an the Republic o Cheenae wis establisht, the new Republic muived its caipital fae Beijing tae Nanjing. Whan the communists claucht pouer an estaiblisht the People's Republic, Beijing becam the caipital o Cheenae ance again.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Beijing haes numerous twin touns an sister ceeties aroond the warld, mony o them the caipitals o their respective kintras:[4][5]

Pairtner ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Beijing haes twa pairtner ceeties, baith in Europe:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Township divisions". the Official Website of the Beijing Government. Retrieved 22 July 2009. 
  2. "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 
  3. "2011年北京人均可支配收入3.29万 实际增长7.2%". People.com.cn. 20 January 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  4. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. Paris and Rome are "partner cities" due to an exclusive agreement between those two cities. "Le jumelage avec Rome" (in French). Municipalité de Paris. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  6. "NYC's Sister Cities". Sister City Program of the City of New York. 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2008. [deid airtin]
  7. "Protocol and International Affairs". DC Office of the Secretary. Retrieved 12 July 2008. 
  8. "Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Retrieved 27 July 2009. 
  9. Prefeitura.Sp – Descentralized Cooperation[deid airtin]
  10. "International Relations – São Paulo City Hall – Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  11. "Canberra's international relationships – Canberra's international relationships". cmd.act.gov.au. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  12. "Sister Cities of Manila". 2008–2009 City Government of Manila. Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  13. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. tirana.gov.al. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
Precedit bi
Lin'an (Song Dynasty)
Caipital o Cheenae (as Dadu)
1264–1368
Succeedit bi
Nanjing (Ming Dynasty)
Precedit bi
Nanjing (Ming Dynasty)
Caipital o Cheenae
1420–1928
Succeedit bi
Nanjing (ROC)
Precedit bi
Nanjing (ROC)
Caipital o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
1949–present
Succeedit bi
present caipital