Guangdong

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Guangdong Province
Cheenese : 广东省
Guǎngdōng Shěng
Cantonese Jyutping: Gwong2 Dung1 Saang2
Cantonese Yale: Gwóngdūng Sáang
Abbreviations: simplified Cheenese: ; tradeetional Cheenese:   (pinyin: Yuè, Jyutping: Jyut6, Yale: Yuht)
Guangdong is heichlichtit on this map
Oreegin o name 广 guǎng - "Wide"
东 dōng- "East"
Lit. "The Eastern Expanse"
Admeenistration type Province
Caipital
(an lairgest ceety)
Guangzhou
CPC Ctte Secretary Wang Yang
Governor Zhu Xiaodan
Aurie 177,900 km2 (68,700 sq mi) (15th)
 - Latitude 20° 13' tae 25° 31' N
 - Longitude 109° 40' tae 117° 20' E
Population (2010)
 - Density
104,303,132 (1st)
536 /km2 (1,390 /sq mi) (7th)
GDP (2011)
 - per caipita
CNY 5.30 trillion
US$ 838.60 billion[1] (1st)
CNY 50,295
US$ 7,787 (8th)
HDI (2008) 0.844 (high) (4th)
Ethnic composition Han - 99%
Zhuang - 0.7%
Yao - 0.2%
Leids an dialects Cantonese
Hakka
Teochew
Leizhou
Putonghua
Prefectural level 21 diveesions
Coonty level 121 diveesions
Tounship level* 1642 diveesions
ISO 3166-2 CN-44
Offeecial wabsteid
http://www.gd.gov.cn
(Simplifeed Cheenese characters)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》 China Statistical Yearbook 2005
ISBN 7503747382
Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》 Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China
ISBN 7105054255
*As at December 31, 2004
TemplateDiscussionWikiProject China
Guangdong
Simplifee'd Cheenese 广东
Traditional Cheenese 廣東
Cantonese Jyutping Gwong2 Dung1
Cantonese Yale Gwóngdūng
Hanyu Pinyin Guǎngdōng

Guangdong is a province on the Sooth Cheenae Sea coast o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. The province wis previously aften written wi the alternative Inglis name Kwangtung. It surpassed Henan an Sichuan tae become the maist populous province in Cheenae in Januar 2005, registerin 79 million permanent residents an 31 million migrants who livit in the province for at least sax months o the year.[2][3] The provincial caipital Guangzhou an economic hub Shenzhen are amangst the maist populous an important ceeties in Cheenae.

Syne 1989 Guangdong haes toppit the total GDP rankins amang aw provincial-level diveesions, wi Jiangsu an Shandong seicont an third in rank. Accordin tae provincial annual preliminary statistics,[4] Guangdong's GDP in 2010 reached CNY 4,550 billion, or USD 689.02 billion, makkin its economy roughly the same size as that o Turkey or Indonesie.[5] Guangdong haes the fowert heichest GDP per caipita amang aw provinces o mainland Cheenae, efter Jiangsu, Zhejiang an Liaoning. The province contributes approximately 12% o the PRC's naitional economic ootput, an is hame tae the production facilities an offices o a wide-rangin set o multinaitional an Cheenese corporations. Guangdong hosts the lairgest Import an Export Fair in Cheenae an aw cried the Canton Fair in Guangdong's caipital ceety Guangzhou.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

"Guang" itsel means "expanse" or "vast", an haes been associatit wi the region since the creation o Guang Prefectur in AD 226. "Guangdong" an neebourin Guangxi literally mean "expanse east" an "expanse wast". Together, Guangdong an Guangxi are cried the "Dual-Guangs" (兩廣 liăng guăng). Durin the Song dynasty, the twa Guangs wur formally separatit as Guangnan Dong lu (廣南東路) an Guangnan Xi lu (廣南西路), which became abbreviatit as Guangdong lu (廣東路) an Guangxi lu (廣西路). The modren abbreviation 粤/粵 (Yue) is a shortened form o Baiyue (百越), a collective name for various fowks that livit in soothren Cheenae in auncient times.

Prior tae the introduction o Hanyu Pinyin, the province wis kent as Kwangtung Province. Ane shoud note that Canton, though etymologically derivit frae a Portuguese transliteration o "Guangdong", refers anerlie tae the provincial capital insteid o the whole province, as documentit bi authoritative Inglis dictionaries. The local fowk o the ceety o Guangzhou (Canton) an their leid are still commonly referred to as Cantonese in Inglis. Acause o the prestige o Canton an its accent, Cantonese sensu lato can be uised for the phylogenetically relatit residents an Cheenese dialects ootside the provincial caipital an aw.

Admeenistrative divesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map # Name Admeenistrative Seat Hanzi
Hanyu Pinyin
Population (2010)
Guangdong prfc map.png
Sub-provincial ceety
9 Guangzhou Yuexiu Destrict 广州市
Guǎngzhōu Shì
12,700,800
21 Shenzhen Futian Destrict 深圳市
Shēnzhèn Shì
10,357,938
Prefecture-level city
1 Qingyuan Qingcheng Destrict 清远市
Qīngyuǎn Shì
3,698,394
2 Shaoguan Zhenjiang Destrict 韶关市
Sháoguān Shì
2,826,612
3 Heyuan Yuancheng Destrict 河源市
Héyuán Shì
2,953,019
4 Meizhou Meijiang Destrict 梅州市
Méizhōu Shì
4,240,139
5 Chaozhou Fengxi Destrict 潮州市
Cháozhōu Shì
2,669,844
6 Zhaoqing Duanzhou Destrict 肇庆市
Zhàoqìng Shì
3,918,085
7 Yunfu Yuncheng Destrict 云浮市
Yúnfú Shì
2,360,128
8 Foshan Chancheng Destrict 佛山市
Fóshān Shì
7,194,311
10 Dongguan Dongguan
(Nancheng Destrict)
东莞市
Dōngguǎn Shì
8,220,237
11 Huizhou Huicheng Destrict 惠州市
Hùizhōu Shì
4,597,002
12 Shanwei Chengqu Destrict 汕尾市
Shànwěi Shì
2,935,717
13 Jieyang Rongcheng District 揭阳市
Jiēyáng Shì
5,877,025
14 Shantou Jinping Destrict 汕头市
Shàntóu Shì
5,391,028
15 Zhanjiang Chikan Destrict 湛江市
Zhànjiāng Shì
6,993,304
16 Maoming Maonan Destrict 茂名市
Màomíng Shì
5,817,753
17 Yangjiang Jiangcheng Destrict 阳江市
Yángjiāng Shì
2,421,812
18 Jiangmen Pengjiang Destrict 江门市
Jiāngmén Shì
4,448,871
19 Zhongshan Zhongshan
(Dongqu Destrict)
中山市
Zhōngshān Shì
3,120,884
20 Zhuhai Xiangzhou Destrict 珠海市
Zhūhǎi Shì
1,560,229

The abuin diveesion govren, in total, 49 destricts, 30 coonty-level ceeties, 42 coonties, an three autonomous coonties. For coonty-level diveesions, see the leet o admeenistrative diveesions o Guangdong.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "China’s Provincial GDP Figures in 2011 | China Briefing News". China-briefing.com. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  2. English people.com.cn
  3. "Chinadaily.com". Chinadaily.com. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  4. "preliminary statistics of Guangdong'GDP in 2009". 210.76.64.38. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  5. "GDP of 31 provinces in China released". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 26 February 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]