Shantou

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Shantou
汕头
Swátōw
Prefectur-level ceety
汕头市
Location o Shantou Ceety jurisdiction in Guangdong
Shantou is located in China
Shantou
Shantou
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 23°21′N 116°40′E / 23.350°N 116.667°E / 23.350; 116.667
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Guangdong
Municipal seat Jinping Destrict
Government
 • CPC Committee Secretary Li Feng (李锋)
 • Mayor Cai Zongze (蔡宗泽)
Area
 • Total 2,064 km2 (797 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 5,391,028
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
 • Major Naitionalities Han
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal Code 515000, 515041
Area code(s) 754
License Plate Prefix D
Website http://www.shantou.gov.cn/
Shantou
Simplifee'd Cheenese 汕头
Traditional Cheenese 汕頭
Hokkien POJ Sòaⁿ-thâu
Literal meanin bamboo top

Shàntóu (Cheenese: 汕头), an aa kent as Swatow or Suátao, is a prefectur-level ceety on the eastren coast o Guangdong province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, wi a tot population o 5,391,028 as o 2010 an an admeenistrative aurie o 2,064 square kilometres (797 sq mi). Wi it an the immediately surroondin ceeties o Jieyang an Chaozhou, the metropolitan region – kent as Chaoshan – covers an auriea o 10,404 km2 (4,017 sq mi), an haed a permanent population o 13,937,897 at the end o 2010.

Shantou, a ceety signeeficant in 19t-century Cheenese history as ane o the treaty ports established for Wastren trade an contact, wis ane o the oreeginal Special Economic Zones o the Fowkrepublic o China established in the 1980s, but did nae blossom in the manner that ceeties such as Shenzhen, Xiamen an Zhuhai did. However, it remains eastren Guangdong's economic centre, an is home tae Shantou Varsity, a member o the Project 211 group.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The historic quarter o Shantou, which features baith Wastren an Cheenese architectur

Shantou wis a fishin veelage pairt o Tuojiang Ceety (鮀江都), Jieyang Destrict (揭陽縣) durin the Song Dynasty. It came tae be Xialing (廈嶺) durin the Yuan Dynasty. In 1563, Shantou wis a pairt o Chenghai Destrict (澄海縣) in Chao Prefectur (Chaozhou). As early as 1574, Shantou haed been cried Shashan Ping (沙汕坪). In the seventeent century, a cannon platform cried Shashan Toupaotai (沙汕頭炮臺 sha shan tou pao tai) wis made here, an the placename later wis shortened tae "Shantou". Locally it has been referred tae as Kialat.

Connectin tae Shantou athort the Queshi Bridge is Queshi (礐石) which haed been kent bi the local fowk through the 19t century as Kakchio. It wis the main steid for the American an Breetish Consulates. The day the aurie is a scenic pairk but some o the structurs are somewhat preserved frae its earlier history.

It acame a ceety in 1919, an wis separatit frae Chenghai in 1921. 1922 saw the devastatin Swatow Typhoon, which killed 5,000 oot o the 65,000 fowk then inhabitin the ceety.[1]

In the 1930s, as a transport hub an a merchandise distribution centre in Sootheast Cheenae, Shantou Port's cargo throughput ranked third in the kintra. A brief accoont o a visit tae the ceety Inglis durin this period is the Inglis accoontant Max Relton's A Man in the East: A Journey through French Indo-Cheenae (Michael Joseph Ltd., London, 1939).

Wi heicher-level admeenistrative authority, Shantou govrened Chaozhou Ceety an Jieyang Ceety frae 1983 tae 1989.

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shantou is a prefectur-level ceety. It haes direct jurisdiction ower sax destricts an ane coonty.

Cairt # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 Census) Aurie (km²) Density (/km²)
Shantou mcp.png Ceety proper
1 Jinping Destrict 金平区 Jīnpíng Qū 810,606 109 7,437
3 Longhu Destrict 龙湖区 Lónghú Qū 536,102 104 5,155
Suburban
2 Haojiang Destrict 濠江区 Háojiāng Qū 267,597 135 1,982
4 Chaoyang Destrict 潮阳区 Cháoyáng Qū 1,626,641 668 2,435
5 Chaonan Destrict 潮南区 Cháonán Qū 1,290,922 596 2,166
6 Chenghai Destrict 澄海区 Chénghǎi Qū 798,896 345 2,315
Rural
7 Nan'ao Coonty 南澳县 Nán'ào Xiàn 60,264 108 558

As o 2003, the destrict o Haojiang wis established oot o Hepu an Dahao which haed been merged, an the destrict o Jinping Shengping an Jinyuan; Waisha an Xinxi Toun, pairt o umwhile Chenghai Ceety, wis merged intae Longhu Destrict; Chenghai Ceety acame Chenghai Destrict; Chaoyang Ceety wis dividit an acame Chaoyang an Chaonan Destrict respectively.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shantou is locatit in eastren Guangdong wi latitude spanning 23°02′33″ – 23°38′50″ N an longitude 116°14′40″ – 117°19′35″ E; the Tropic o Cancer passes through the northren pairt o the ceety, an alang it there is a monument, in fact the eastrenmaist in mainland Cheena, at 23°26′33″N 116°35′20″E / 23.44240°N 116.58885°E / 23.44240; 116.58885.[2] The heichest peak in the ceety's admeenistration is Munt Dajian (大尖山) on Nan'ao Island, at 587 m (1,926 ft); the heichest peak on the geographic mainland is Munt Lianhua (莲花山), at 562 m (1,844 ft) in Chenghai Destrict. The ceety is locatit at the mooths o the Han, Rong (榕江), an Lian Rivers.

Shantou haes a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), wi short, mild tae warm winters, an lang, het, humid simmers. Winter begins sunny an dry but acomes progressively wetter an cloudier. Ware is generally owercast, while simmer brings the hiviest rains o the year though is much sunnier; thare are 8.2 days annually wi 50 mm (1.97 in) o rainfaw. Hairst is sunny an dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges frae 13.8 °C (56.8 °F) in Januar tae 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in Julie, an the annual mean is 21.53 °C (70.8 °F). The annual rainfaw is aroond 1,630 mm (64 in), aboot 60% o which occurs frae Mey tae August. Thare are 1,979 oors o bricht sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shantou (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
17.9
(64.2)
20.3
(68.5)
24.3
(75.7)
27.4
(81.3)
29.9
(85.8)
31.8
(89.2)
31.5
(88.7)
30.2
(86.4)
27.7
(81.9)
23.9
(75.0)
19.9
(67.8)
25.2
(77.4)
Average laich °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
11.5
(52.7)
14.1
(57.4)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
24.5
(76.1)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
24.0
(75.2)
20.5
(68.9)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
18.7
(65.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 33.6
(1.323)
66.8
(2.63)
99.5
(3.917)
172.9
(6.807)
213.5
(8.406)
286.9
(11.295)
227.2
(8.945)
258.5
(10.177)
140.8
(5.543)
52.3
(2.059)
41.3
(1.626)
38.1
(1.5)
1,631.4
(64.228)
humidity 78 80 82 82 85 86 83 83 81 77 76 75 80.7
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.2 10.8 12.7 13.3 15.3 17.1 13.4 13.7 9.9 5.2 4.8 5.2 128.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 143.2 96.0 101.7 112.8 134.7 170.9 239.7 218.6 200.7 207.6 181.2 171.5 1,978.6
Percent possible sunshine 43 30 28 30 33 42 58 55 55 58 55 52 539
Source: Cheenae Meteorological Admeenistration [3]

Twin towns — sister cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shantou is twinned wi the followin ceeties: [4]

Kintra Ceety Coonty/Destrict/Province/Region/State Date
 Japan Kishiwada Osaka Prefectur Juin 2, 1990[5]
 Canadae Saunt John New Brunswick Februar 28, 1997[6]
 Vietnam Can Tho N/A August 1, 2005[7]

Friendly exchanges:

Kintra Ceety Coonty/Destrict/Province/Region/State Date
 Sooth Korea Pyongtaek Gyeonggi-do Mairch 25, 2003[8]
 Australie Fairfield New Sooth Wales Aprile 26, 2005[9]
 Unitit States Orlando Florida August 8, 2007[10]
 Unitit States Los Angeles Californie December 25, 2001[11]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]