Chongqing (; Sichuanese Pinyin: Cong2qin4; Sichuanese pronunciation: [tsʰoŋ˨˩tɕʰin˨˩˦]; Postal map spellin: Chungking) is a major ceety in soothwestern mainland Cheenae an ane o the five naitional central ceeties. Admeenistratively, it is ane o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae's fower direct-controlled municipalities (the ither three are Beijing, Shanghai an Tianjin), an the ae such municipality in wastren Cheenae.
The municipality wis creatit on 14 Mairch 1997, succeedin the sub-provincial ceety admeenistration that wis pairt o Sichuan Province. In 2007, the municipality o Chongqing haed a population o 31.4 million. It haes jurisdiction ower 19 destricts, 17 coonties, an fower autonomous coonties. Wi an aurie o 82,300 km² (31,800 mi²), it is the lairgest direct-controlled municipality, lairger even than ane province an an autonomous region, as well as Taiwan. It is possibly the warld's lairgest municipality bi population an ane o the lairgest bi aurie.
The municipal abbreviation, 渝 (Yú), wis approved bi the State Cooncil on 18 Aprile 1997. Chongqing wis an aa a municipality o the Republic o Cheenae admeenistration, servin as its wartime caipital durin the Seicont Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). Its abbreviatit name is derived frae the auld name o a pairt o the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing an feeds the Yangtze River.
The ceety is ane o the ceeties notable for history an cultur in Cheenae (历史文化名城), an notably, serves as the economic centre o the Upstream Yangtze aurie, a modren manufacturin centre an a transportation hub for Soothwast Cheenae.
Internaitional relations 
Twin touns — sister ceeties 
Chongqing is twinned wi:
- Demographic. Chongqing Municipal Government (12 June 2007).
- Leet o Cheenese admeenistrative diveesions bi aurie
- Twin Towns. Amazingdusseldorf.com. Retrieved on 29 October 2009. .
- Why Chongqing? Wales Week The Trade Mission Chongqing, 1 – 8 March
- Chongqing Municipality and Sør-Trøndelag county signs Twinning-Agreement (Norway - the official site in China)