Fraunce

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
French Republic
République française
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Location o  Metropolitan Fraunce  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location o  Metropolitan Fraunce  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Territory of the French Republic[note 1]
Territory of the French Republic[note 1]
Caipital Paris
48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E / 48.8567°N 2.35083°E / 48.8567; 2.35083
Largest city caipital
Offeecial leids French[note 2]
Demonym French
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  Preses François Hollande
 -  Prime Meenister Jean-Marc Ayrault
Legislatur Parliament
 -  Upper hoose Senate
 -  Lawer hoose Naitional Assembly
Formation
 -  Frankish Kinrick
(unified bi Clovis)
486 
 -  Kinrick o Fraunce
(Treaty o Verdun)
August 843 
 -  French Republic
(Naitional Convention)
22 September 1792 
 -  Current constitution
(Fift Republic)
4 October 1958 
Aurie
 -  Total[note 3] 640,679[1] km2 (43rd)
246,201 sq mi 
 -  Metropolitan Fraunce
   - IGN[note 4] 551,695 km2 (50t)
213,010 sq mi
   - Cadastre[note 5] 543,965 km2 (50t)
210,026 sq mi
Population
  (2013)
 -  Total[note 3] 65,950,000[3] (19t)
 -  Metropolitan Fraunce 63,460,000[2] (22nt)
 -  Densitie[note 6] 116/km2 (89t)
301/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.333 trillion[4] (9th)
 -  Per capita $36,453[4] (24t)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.863 trillion[4] (5th)
 -  Per capita $44,730[4] (20t)
Gini (2008) 32.7[5]
middlin
HDI (2013) Increase 0.893[6]
very heich · 20t
Currency
Time zone CET[note 9] (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST[note 10] (UTC+2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Cawin code +33[note 11]
Internet TLD .fr[note 12]

Fraunce, offeecially French Republic, (French République française, or France) is a kintra in wastren Europe. It is the biggest kintra in Europe efter Ukraine an Roushie. Its caipital is Paris.

Fraunce haes aboot 60,056,000 fowk in it. The Preses o the Republic is Francois Hollande the nou.

Apairt frae "metropolitan" (ie mainlaund) Fraunce, Fraunce haes ither territories that's conseidert integral pairts o the republic (no juist as owerseas domeinions) – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Saint Pierre an Miquelon, Martinque an Réunion.

Fraunce is a pairlamentary democracy. It is a daveloped kintra an haes the 6t biggest 'conomie on de yird.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Excluding Adélie Land in Antarctica, where sovereignty is suspended.
  2. French is an offeecial leid throughoot the French Republic. For information aboot the offeecial an unoffeecial regional leids an aa spoken see Leids o Fraunce.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Includin aw the owerseas depairtments but excludin owerseas territories an the French territory o Terre Adélie in Antarctica whaur sovereignty is suspendit syne the signin o the Antarctic Treaty in 1959.
  4. French Naitional Geographic Institute data, which includes bodies o watter.
  5. French Land Register data, which exclude lakes, ponds an glaciers larger nor 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries o rivers.
  6. Metropolitan Fraunce anly. The population density for the whole territory o the French Republic (includin owerseas departments an territories) is 96.837/km2 (250.808/sq mi).
  7. Whole of the French Republic except the overseas territories in the Pacific Ocean.
  8. French overseas territories in the Pacific Ocean only.
  9. CET applies to Metropolitan France only. Time Zones across the French Republic span from UTC-10 (PF) to UTC+12 (WF).
  10. CEST applies to Metropolitan France only. Not all overseas territories observe Daylight Saving Time.
  11. The owerseas regions an collectivities furm pairt o the French telephone nummerin plan, but hae thair ain kintra cawin codes: Guadeloupe +590; Martinique +596; French Guiana +594, Réunion an Mayotte +262; Saint Pierre an Miquelon +508. The owerseas territories are nae pairt o the French telephone nummerin plan; thaeir kintra cawin codes are: New Caledonia +687, French Polynesia +689; Wallis an Futuna +681.
  12. In addeetion tae .fr, several ither Internet TLDs are uised in French owerseas départements an territories: .re, .mq, .gp, .tf, .nc, .pf, .wf, .pm, .gf an .yt. Fraunce an aa uises .eu, shared wi ither members o the European Union. The .cat domain is uised in Catalan-speakin territories.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2010.  http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm Area calculated by adding area of Metropolitan France with those of overseas departments
  2. (French) INSEE, Government of France. "Population totale par sexe et âge au 1er janvier 2011, France métropolitaine". Retrieved January 2012. 
  3. "The World Factbook: France". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "France". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  5. "CIA World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2013". UN. 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.