Shiraz

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Shiraz
شیراز
Shīrāz
Tomb o resident 14t-century poet Hafiz
Nickname(s): Persie Cultural Caipital
Ceety o roses
Ceety o gardens
Ceety o flouer an nichtingale
Shiraz is located in Iran
Shiraz
Shiraz
Location o Shiraz in Iran
Coordinates: 29°37′N 52°32′E / 29.617°N 52.533°E / 29.617; 52.533
Kintra  Iran
Province Fars
Coonty Shiraz
Bakhsh Central
Government
 • Mayor Mehran E'temadi[1]
 • Ceety cooncil Zein Al Abedin Arab
Sayed Mohammad Kazem Dastgheyb
Ezat Allah Fahandezh Sa'adi
Fatemeh Hooshmand
Mehdi Khani
Sayed Mohsen Moein
Mozaffar Mokhtari
Sayed Saeed Moosavi
Ali Zahmat Kesh
Ma'asoomeh Zare'e
Shobeir Zare'e Khafri[2]
Area[citation needit]
 • Total 178.891 km2 (69.07 sq mi)
 • Land 178.891 km2 (69.07 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
Elevation 1,500 m (5,200 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,455,073
 • Density 3,609.8/km2 (9,347.5/sq mi)
 

Population Data: 2006 Census was 1,214,808, in 315,725 families[3]

2009 Municipality was 1,455,073[4]
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
Area code(s) 0711
Routes Template:IR-Road
Template:IR-Road
Template:IR-Road
Futur
Freeway in Iran.png Shiraz-Isfahan Freeway
Website http://www.shiraz.ir/

Shiraz (Aboot this soond listen  Persian: شیراز Persie pronunciation: [ʃiːˈrɒːz]) is the saxt maist populous ceety in Iran[5] an is the caipital o Fars Province. Shiraz is locatit in the soothwast o Iran on the Rudkhaneye Khoshk saisonal river. Shiraz haes a moderate climate an haes been a regional trade center for mair than ane thoosan years.

The earliest reference tae the ceety, as Tiraziš, is on Elamite clay tablets datit tae 2000 BC.[6] In the 13t century, Shiraz became a leadin center o the airts an letters, thanks tae the encouragement o its ruler an the presence o many Persian scholars an airtists. Shiraz wis the caipital o Persie durin the Zand dynasty frae 1750 till 1781, as well as briefly durin the Saffarid period.

Shiraz is kent as the ceety o poets, wine an flouers.[7] The wird "shir" in Persian means "lion", but it coud an an mean "milk". It is an aa considered bi mony Iranians tae be the ceety o gardens, due tae the mony gardens an fruit trees that can be seen in the ceety. Shiraz haes haed major Jewish an Christian communities. The crafts o Shiraz consist o inlaid mosaic wirk o triangular design; silver-ware; pile carpet-weavin an weavin o kilim, cried gilim an jajim in the veelages an amang the tribes.[8] In Shiraz industries such as cement production, sugar, fertilizers, textile products, wood products, metalwirk an rugs dominate.[9] Shirāz an aa haes a major oil refinery an is an aa a major center for Iran's electronic industries: 53% o Iran's electronic investment haes been centered in Shiraz.[10] Shiraz is hame tae Iran's first solar pouer plant.[11]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. محمد جواد مطلع (13 June 2010). "Shiraz Mayors from 1980 to 2010". Shiraz Municipality. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  2. محمد جواد مطلع (13 August 2009). "City Council Members". Shiraz Municipality. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  3. "Census o the Islamic Republic o Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic o Iran. Archived from the original on 2010-11-16. 
  4. "Shiraz Population & Area" (PDF). Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  5. Efter Tehran, Mashhad, Esfahan, Tabriz an Karaj; in 2006 Shiraz haed a total population o 1,204,882
  6. Cameron, George G. Persepolis Treasury Tablets, University of Chicago Press, 1948:115.
  7. (Iran Chamber Society) "Shiraz" (php file); "Shiraz"
  8. "the physical features of Shiraz"
  9. Looklex Encyclopaedia
  10. ARSH Co. site
  11. "Iran’s first solar power plant comes on stream". tehran times. 2009-01-11. Retrieved 2010-09-25.