Indonesie

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Republic o Indonesie
Republik Indonesia
Banner Coat o Airms
(Banner) (Coat o Airms)
Motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika  (Auld Javanese)
Unity in Diversity
National ideology: Pancasila
Indonesie
Offeecial leid Indonesian
Caipital Jakarta
Lairgest ceety Jakarta
Guvrenment
 - Preses
 - Vice Preses
Joko Widodo
Jusuf Kalla 
Aurie
 - Tot
 - % watter

1,919,440 km²
1.1%
Population
 - 2010
 -  census
 - Density
 
238,000,000

123.76/km²
Foondin
  17 August 1949
Siller Indonesian Rupiah
Time zone UTC + 7 tae + 9
Naitional anthem Indonesia Raya
Internet TLD .id
Cawin code +62

Indonesie (pronounced /ˌɪndoʊˈniːziə/ or /ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/), offeecially the Republic o Indonesie (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a kintra in Sootheast Asie an Oceanie. Indonesie comprises 17,508 islands. Wi a population o aroond 238 million fowk, it is the warld's fowert maist populous kintra, an haes the warld's lairgest population o Muslims. Indonesie is a republic, wi an electit legislature an preses. The naition's caipital ceety is Jakarta. The kintra shares land borders wi Papua New Guinea, East Timor, an Malaysie. Ither neighborin kintras include Singapore, Philippines, Australie, an the Indian territory o the Andaman an Nicobar Islands. Indonesie is a foondin member o ASEAN an a member o the G-20 major economies.

The Indonesian archipelago haes been an important trade region since at least the seivent century, when Srivijaya an then later Majapahit tradit wi Cheenae an Indie. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, releegious an political models frae the early centuries CE, an Hindu an Buddhist kinricks flourisht. Indonesian history haes been influenced bi foreign pouers drawn tae its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, an European pouers fought ane anither tae monopolize trade in the Spice Islands o Maluku durin the Age o Discovery. Follaein three an a hauf centuries o Dutch colonialism, Indonesie secured its independence efter Warld War II. Indonesie's history haes since been turbulent, wi challenges posed bi natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, an periods o rapid economic chynge. The current naition o Indonesie is a unitary presidential republic consistin o thirtie three provinces.

Athort its mony islands, Indonesia consists o distinct ethnic, linguistic, an releegious groups. The Javanese are the lairgest—an the politically dominant—ethnic group. Indonesia haes developed a shared identity defined bi a naitional leid, ethnic diversity, releegious pluralism athin a majority Muslim population, an a history o colonialism includin rebellion against it. Indonesie's naitional motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "mony, yet ane"), articulates the diversity that shapes the kintra. Despite its lairge population an densely populatit regions, Indonesia haes vast auries o wilderness that support the warld's seicont hichtest level o biodiversity. The kintra is richly endowed wi natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread in contemporary Indonesie.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

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