Banner o Indonesie
The naitional banner o Indonesie, which is kent as Sang Saka Merah-Putih ("The Sacred Red-and-White") or Bendera Merah-Putih ("The Red-an-White Banner") or simply Merah-Putih ("The Red-an-White") in Indonesian, is based on the banner o the 13t century Majapahit Empire in East Java. The banner itsel wis introduced an hoistit in public at the Indonesian Unthrildom Day ceremony, on 17 August 1945. The design o the banner haes remained the same iver syne.
The design o the banner is simple wi twa equal horizontal baunds, red (top) an white (bottom) wi an oweraw ratio o 2:3. The banner is similar tae the banner o Poland an banner o Singapore. The banner is identical tae the banner o Hesse (a German state) an banner o Monaco, excludin the ratio. Red represents courage, while white represents purity o intent.
The Naval Jack o Indonesie is reserved for sole uise bi Indonesian Navy. It flies from ivery active Indonesian war ship mast. The design o the jack is described as nine alternatin stripes o red an white. It is nicknamed Ular-ular Perang (War Pennant or litterally "War Snakes"), probably due tae the stripes design. The naval jack dates tae the age Majapahit Empire. The Majapahit Empire, which wis renouned for its great maritime strength, uised tae fly similar jacks on its vessels.
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Its colors are derived frae the banner o the 13t century Majapahit Empire. Later, these colors wur revived bi students an then naitionalists in the early 20t century as an expression o naitionalism against the Dutch. The red-white banner wis flown for the first time in Java in 1928. Unner Dutch rule, the banner wis prohibitit. It wis adoptit as the naitional banner on 17 August 1945, when unthrildom wis declared an haes been in uise syne then.
Alternative history 
There is an aa anither story aboot the banner o Indonesie, which is significantly relatit tae the banner o the Netherlands. Under Dutch colonialism, ivery administration uised the Netherlands (Red-white-blue) flag. The banner o Indonesie wis prohibitit. Tae seembolize the intention o forcin oot the Dutch, the Indonesian naitionalists an umthirldom movement tore apart the Dutch banner. They tore aff the bottom third o the banner, an separatit the red an white colors frae the blue color. The main reason wis acause blue in the Dutch banner wis unnerstood as staunding for the "blue bloodit" aristocracy. Conversely, the red color representit the blood shed in the War o Unthrildom, while the white coud be unnerstood tae seembolize the purity o the Indonesians.
The offeecial name o the banner is Sang Merah-Putih (The Red-an-White) accordin tae Airticle 35 o the 1945 Constitution. The banner is commonly cawed Bendera Merah-Putih (Red-an-White Banner). Occasionally, it is an aa cawed Sang Dwiwarna (The bicolor). Sang Saka Merah-Putih (The Lofty Red-an-White) refers tae the historical banner cawed Bendera Pusaka (heirloom banner) an its replica. The Bendera Pusaka is the banner that wis flown in front of Sukarno's house a few moments efter he proclaimed Indonesie's unthrildom on 17 August 1945. The oreeginal Bendera Pusaka wis sewn bi Mrs. Fatmawati Soekarno, an wis hoistit ivery year in front o the presidential palace durin the unthrildom day ceremony. It wis hoistit for the last time on 17 August 1968. Syne then it haes been preserved an replaced bi a replica acause the oreeginal banner wis deemed tae be too fragile.
The red staunds for courage, while the white staunds for purity. The red represents human's body or pheesical life, while white represents human's soul or spiritual life. Thegither they staund for a complete human being.
Traditionally, maist Indonesians hae uised red an white as their ceremonial colors, mixin the color o sugar (the red color comes frae palm sugar or gula aren) an rice (white in color). Inarguably, till today, baith o these are the major components o daily Indonesian cuisine or cookin. Apparently, the Javanese's Majapahit Empire an aa uised this concept an designed their banner as red an white. Mairower, the red an white colors are an aa uised for the banner o Indonesie's distant cousin, Madagascar.
See an aa 
- Leet o banners
- Banners o Monaco, Hesse, andCanton o Solothurn: different proportions
- Banners o Poland an Thuringie: same colors, different order
- Banner o Singapore: different seembol
- National Flag, Coat of Arms, Anthem. Embassy of Indonesia, Oslo, Norway (01-05-2007). Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. . Retrieved on 22 Juin 2009. .
- (Indonesian) KRI Karang Unarang-985 Akhiri Pengabdian. Pikiran Rakyat (22-10-2010). Retrieved on 21 Dizember 2010. .
- (Indonesian) TNI : terima kasih ku terdalam padamu. Connie Rahakundini on Multiply.com. Retrieved on 21 Dizember 2010. .
- Indonesia. Flags of the World (06-09-2006). Retrieved on 26 Dizember 2007. .