Tianjin

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Tianjin
天津
Municipality
Municipality o Tianjin • 天津市
Clockwise frae top:Jinwan Square, Tianjin Financial Center an Hai River, Xikai Church, Panorama o dountoun Tianjin, Tianjin Railroad Station, Tianjin Eye Park
Location o Tianjin Municipality athin Cheenae
Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Settled ca. 340 BC
Diveesions
 - Coonty-level
 - Tounship-
level

13 destricts, 3 coonties
240 touns an veelages
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • CPC Ctte Secretary Sun Chunlan
 • Mayor Huang Xingguo
Area
 • Municipality 11,760 km2 (4,540 sq mi)
 • Urban 174.9 km2 (67.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 5,606.9 km2 (2,164.8 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Municipality 12,938,224
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,342,770
 • Metro 10,290,987
Demonym Tianjinese
Tianjiner
Time zone Cheenae Staundart time (UTC+8)
Postal code 300000 – 301900
Area code(s) 22
GDP 2011
 - Total CNY 1119.0 billion
(USD 177.6 billion) (20t)
 - Per caipita CNY 84,337
(USD 13,058) (1st)
HDI (2008) 0.875 (3rd) – high
Licence plate prefixes 津A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M
津E (taxis)
Ceety flouer Cheenese rose
Website (Cheenese) www.tj.gov.cn
(Inglis) www.tj.gov.cn/english
Tianjin
Cheenese 天津
Hanyu Pinyin Tiānjīn
Aboot this soond [Listen] 
Literal meanin sky ferry

Aboot this soond Tianjin  (Cheenese: 天津; pinyin: Tiānjīn; Wade–Giles: T'ien-chin; [tʰi̯ɛn˥˥ t͡ɕin˥˥]; Postal map spellin: Tientsin) is a metropolis in North Cheenae an ane o the five naitional central ceeties. It is govrened as a direct-controlled municipality, ane o fower such designations, an is thus unner direct administration o the central govrenment, an borders Hebei an Beijing, boondit tae the east bi the Bohai Guwf portion o the Yellae Sea. In terms o urban population, it is the saxt lairgest ceety o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an its urban land aurie ranks 5t in the naition, ae efter Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, an Shenzhen.

Tianjin's urban aurie is locatit alang the Hai He River, which connects tae the Yellow an Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal in Tianjin. Its ports, some distance away, are locatit on the Bohai Gulf in the Paceefic Ocean. Tianjin wis ance hame tae foreign concessions in the late Qing Dynasty an early Kuomintang (KMT) era. The municipality incorporates the coastal region o Tanggu, hame tae the Binhai New Auroe an the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Aurie (TEDA).

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Leet o admeenistrative diveesions o Tianjin

Tianjin is dividit intae 16 coonty-level diveesions, includin 13 destricts an three coonties.

Urban destricts
Suburban destricts
Twa landwart destricts an three landwart coonties
Map ofTianjin's subdiveesions

In addeetion, the Tianjin Economic an Technological Development Aurie (TEDA) is no a formal level o admeenistration, but nivertheless enjoys richts similar tae a regular destrict.

Airport Industrial Park, Dongli Destrict

These destricts an coonties are further subdividit, as o December 31, 2004 (2004 -12-31), intae 240 tounship-level diveesions, includin 120 touns, 18 tounships, 2 ethnic tounships an 100 subdestricts.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Cheenae

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tianjin is twinned wi:

Ceety Kintra Sister ceety syne:
Japan Kobe Japan 24 Juin 1973
Unitit States Philadelphia Unitit States 10 Februar 1980
Unitit States Fitchburg, Massachusetts Unitit States 1980
Unitit States Mobile Unitit States
Unitit States Greenville, Sooth Carolina Unitit States
Israel Rishon LeZion Israel
Australie Melbourne Australie 5 Mey 1980
Japan Yokkaichi, Mie Japan 28 October 1980
Bosnie an Herzegovinae Sarajevo Bosnie an Herzegovinae 28 Mey 1981
Fraunce Nord-Pas-de-Calais Fraunce 10 October 1984
Italy Lombardy (Milan) Italy 9 Mey 1985
Netherlands Groningen Netherlands 12 September 1985
Japan Chiba Japan 7 Mey 1986
Georgie (kintra) Kutaisi Georgie 1987
Bulgarie Plovdiv Province Bulgarie 15 October 1989
Turkey İzmir Turkey 23 September 1991
Template:Kintra data Cote d'Ivoire Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire 26 September 1992
Mongolie Ulan Bator Mongolie 27 September 1992
Ukraine Kharkiv Ukraine 14 Juin 1993
Swaden Jönköping Swaden 23 September 1993
Sooth Korea Incheon Sooth Korea 7 December 1993
Germany Saarland Germany 28 September 1994
Poland Łódź Poland 1 October 1994
Brazil Rio de Janeiro (state) Brazil 18 Aprile 1995
Unitit States Dallas Unitit States 1995
Unitit States Orange Coonty Unitit States 1 August 1997
Brazil Amazonas Brazil 20 October 1997
Vietnam Hai Phong Vietnam 8 Januar 1999
Finland Turku Finland 17 August 2000
Unitit States Clarence, New York Unitit States 10 November 2001
Greece Thessaloniki Greece 4 Mairch 2002
North Korea Namp'o North Korea 11 August 2002
Unitit States Hawaii Unitit States 1 November 2002
Indonesie East Java Indonesie 27 October 2003
Unitit States Chicago Unitit States 2008
Cambodie Phnom Penh Cambodie 17 November 2008
North Korea Pyongyang North Korea 12 Mey 2009
Sooth Korea Busan Sooth Korea 2009
Sooth Korea Seoul Sooth Korea 2009
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand 22 Julie 2011