Sarajevo

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Sarajevo
Ceety
Ceety o Sarajevo
Grad Sarajevo
Град Сарајево

Flag

Seal
Bosnia an Herzegovina surroondin Sarajevo (daurk green, centre)
Coordinates: 43°52′0″N 18°25′0″E / 43.86667°N 18.41667°E / 43.86667; 18.41667Coordinates: 43°52′0″N 18°25′0″E / 43.86667°N 18.41667°E / 43.86667; 18.41667
Kintra Bosnie an Herzegovinae Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Entity Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Canton Flag of Sarajevo Canton.png Sarajevo Canton
Municipalities 4
Government
 • Mayor Alija Behmen (SDP)
Area[1]
 • Urban 141.5 km2 (54.6 sq mi)
Elevation 518 m (1,699 ft)
Population (31 August 2011)[2]
 • Ceety 311,161
 • Density 2,202.9/km2 (5,705/sq mi)
 • Urban 438,757
 • Metro 900,000 (est.)
 • Demonym Sarajlija
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 71000
Area code(s) +387 (33)
Twin cities
 • Barcelona Spain Spain
 • Zagreb[3] Croatie Croatie
 • Ljubljana Slovenie Slovenie
 • Salt Lake City Unitit States Unitit States
 • Cairo Egyp Egyp
 • Dubrovnik Croatie Croatie
 • Skopje Republic o Macedonie Macedonie
 • Lillehammer Norawa Norawa
Website Ceety o Sarajevo

Sarajevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Сарајево) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Bosnie an Herzegovinae, 310,605 fowk in the fower municipalities that make up the ceety proper, an a metro aurie population of 436,572 fowk in the Sarajevo Canton (2010). It is an aa the caipital o the Federation o Bosnie an Herzegovinae entity, as well as the centre o the Sarajevo Canton. Sarajevo is locatit in the Sarajevo valley o Bosnie, surroondit bi the Dinaric Alps an situatit aroond the Miljacka river.

The ceety is famous for its traditional releegious diversity, wi adherents o Islam, Orthodoxy, Catholicism an Judaism coexistin there for centuries.[4] Due tae this lang and rich history o releegious diversity an coexistence Sarajevo haes aften been cawed the "Jerusalem o Europe".[5]

Although settlement in the aurie stretches back tae prehistoric times, the modren ceety arose as an Ottoman stranghauld in the 15t century.[6] Sarajevo haes attractit internaitional attention several times throughoot its history: In 1914 it wis the site o the assassination that sparked Warld War I, while seiventy years later it became the host ceety o the 1984 Winter Oleempics. Mair recently, Sarajevo unnerwent the Siege o Sarajevo durin the Bosnian War. The day the ceety is recoverin an adjustin tae a post-war reality, as a major centre o cultur an economic development in Bosnie an Herzegovinae.[7] Sarajevo wis an aa the first ceety in Europe an the seicont ceety in the warld tae hae a full-time operational electric tram netwirk runnin through the ceety, the first being San Francisco.[8] Lonely Planet haes named Sarajevo as the 43rd best ceety in the warld,[9] an in December 2009 leetit Sarajevo as ane o the tap ten ceeties tae visit in 2010.[10]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The earliest name for a major ceety in the region o the day's Sarajevo is Vrhbosna. Tae claim housomeivver that Sarajevo an Vrhbosna are ane an the same wad be faulty, considerin that the latter seems tae hae been destroyed weel afore the Ottomans occupied the region. Rather, the ceety o Sarajevo as we ken it wis biggit directly on tap o the Bosnian veelage o Brodac.

Sarajevo housomeivver is the ae true historical name for the ceety. The oreegins o the wird are no mystery. Sarajevo is a Slavic wird based on Saray, the Turkis wird for the govrenor's palace. The ruit can be seen in the Turkis name for Sarajevo, Saraybosna, an various auries o Turkey. The letter Y daes no exist in the Bosnie version o the Laitin alphabet, an "evo" comes frae "Ovasi" ("Saray Ovasi"), giein the name the basic meanin "the field aroond the palace".

Sarajevo haes haed mony eiknames. The earliest is Šeher, whilk is the term Isa-Beg Ishaković uised tae descreive the toun he wis gaein tae big. Literally it is a Turkis wird indicatin an advanced ceety o key importance (şehir) that in turn comes frae Persian شهر Shahr "Ceety" . As Sarajevo developit, numerous eiknames came frae comparisons tae ither ceeties in the Islamic warld, i.e. "Damascus o the North". The maist popular o thir wis "European Jerusalem" whilk wis a comparison gien tae the ceety bi its Sephardic Jewish populace.

Some argue that a mair correct translate o 'saray' is govrenment office, or hoose; 'saray' is a common wird in Turkis for a palace or mansion; a fortified govrenment office, or hoose, thou wad still be cawed a saray, gin it maintained the general leuk o an office, itherwise it wad be cawed 'kale' (castle).

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sarajevo is twinned wi:[11]

Fraternity ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sarajevo's fraternity ceeties include:[13]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Sarajevo Official Web Site. About Sarajevo.Sarajevo Top city guide. Retrieved on 4 March 2007.
  2. "First release". Federal Office of Statistics, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 31 August 2011. p. 3. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". 2006–2009 City of Zagreb. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  4. Malcolm, Noel. Bosnia: A Short History. ISBN 0-8147-5561-5.
  5. Stilinovic, Josip (3 January 2002). In Europe's Jerusalem Catholic World News. The city’s principal mosques are the Gazi Husreff-Bey’s Mosque, or Begova Džamija (1530), and the Mosque of Ali Pasha (1560–61). Retrieved on 5 August 2006.
  6. Valerijan, Žujo; Imamović, Mustafa; Ćurovac, Muhamed. Sarajevo.
  7. Kelley, Steve. Rising Sarajevo finds hope again. The Seattle Times. Retrieved on 19 August 2006.
  8. [1] Lonely Planet: Best Cities in the World
  9. Lonely Planet (March 2006). The Cities Book: A Journey Through The Best Cities In The World. Lonely Planet Publications, ISBN 1-74104-731-5.
  10. "Lonely Planet's Top 10 Cities 2010 | Lonely Planet's Top 10 Cities 2010". News.com.au. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 daenet d.o.o. "Sarajevo Official Web Site : Sister cities". Sarajevo.ba. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  12. "Official portal of City of Skopje - Skopje Sister Cities". 2006-2009 City of Skopje. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  13. "Fraternity cities on Sarajevo Official Web Site". City of Sarajevo 2001-2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  14. "Sister Cities of Istanbul". Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  15. Erdem, Selim Efe (2003-11-03). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkis). Radikal. "49 sister cities in 2003" 
  16. "Sister City - Budapest". Official website of New York City. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  17. "Sister cities of Budapest" (in Hungarian). Official Website of Budapest. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. "Official Barcelona Website: Sister Cities". Ajuntament de Barcelona 1995-2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11.