Algerie

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Fowkdemocratic Republic o Algerie
جمهورية الجزائر الديمقراطية الشعبية (Arabic)
Tagduda Tadzayrit Tugduyant Tagherfant (Berber)
Banner Emblem
Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب (Arabic)
(Scots: "Bi the fowk an for the fowk")[1][2]
Anthem: "Kassaman"
(Scots: "We Hecht")
External audio file
Location o  Algerie  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Algerie  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Algiers
36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.217°E / 36.700; 3.217
Offeecial leids Arabic[3]
Ither leids
Ethnic groups
  • 99% Arab-Berber[4][a]
  • 1% European an ithers[4]
Demonym Algerie
Government Unitar semi-presidential republic
 -  Preses Abdelaziz Bouteflika
 -  Prime Meenister Abdelmalek Sellal
Legislatur Pairlament
 -  Upper hoose Cooncil o the Naition
 -  Lawer hoose Fowk's Naitional Assembly
Independence frae Fraunce
 -  Recognisit 3 Julie 1962 
 -  Declared 5 Julie 1962 
Aurie
 -  Total 2,381,741 km2 (10th)
919,595 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) negligible
Population
 -  2014 estimate 38,700,000[5] (34t)
 -  2013 census 37,900,000[5]
 -  Densitie 15.9/km2 (208t)
37.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $302.476 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $7,816[6]
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $219.453 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $5,670[6]
Gini (1995) 35.3[7]
middlin
HDI (2013) Steady 0.717[8]
heich · 93rd
Currency Algerie dinar (DZD)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
Drives on the right[9]
Cawin code +213
ISO 3166 code DZ
Internet TLD
a. ^ The CIA World Factbook states that aboot 15% o Algeries, a minority, identifee as Berber even tho amaist aw Algeries hae Berber oreegins insteid o Arab oreegins. The Factbook explains that o the approximately 15% who identifee as Berber, maist live in Kabylie, mair closely identifee wi Berber heritage insteid o Arab heritage, an are Muslim.

Algerie (Arabic: الجزائر, al-Jazā’ir, Kabyle: Lezzayer), offeecially the Fowkdemocratic Republic o Algerie (an aa formally referred tae as the Democratic an Popular Republic o Algerie), is a kintra in North Africae. In terms o land aurie, it is the lairgest kintra on the Mediterranean Sea an Africae, an the eleivent-lairgest kintra in the warld.

Algerie is bordered in the northaest bi Tunisie, in the east bi Libie, in the wast bi Morocco, in the soothwast bi Wastren Sahara, Mauritanie, an Mali, in the sootheast bi Niger, an in the north bi the Mediterranean Sea. Its size is amaist 2,400,000 square kilometres (930,000 sq mi), an it haes an estimatit population o aboot 35.7 million (2010). The capital o Algerie is Algiers.

Algerie is a member o the Arab League, Unitit Naitions, African Union, an OPEC. It is an aa a foondin member o the Arab Maghreb Union.

Provinces an destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Constitution of Algeria, Art. 11" (in Arabic). El-mouradia.dz. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  2. "Constitution of Algeria; Art. 11". Apn-dz.org. 28 November 1996. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  3. "Constitution of Algeria; Art. 3". Apn-dz.org. 28 November 1996. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "The World Factbook - Algeria". Central Intelligence Agency. 4 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Démographie (ONS)". ONS. 19 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Algeria". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  7. Staff (undated). "Distribution of Family Income – Gini Index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  8. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  9. Geoghegan, Tom (7 September 2009). "Could the UK drive on the right?". BBC News. Retrieved 14 January 2013.