Dubrovnik

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Dubrovnik
Ceety
Ceety o Dubrovnik
Grad Dubrovnik
The wawed ceety o Dubrovnik

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "Pearl o the Adriatic", "Thesaurum mundi"
Dubrovnik is located in Croatia
Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
The location o Dubrovnik athin Croatie
Coordinates: 42°38′25″N 18°06′30″E / 42.64028°N 18.10833°E / 42.64028; 18.10833
Kintra Croatie
Coonty Dubrovnik-Neretva Coonty
Government
 • Mayor Andro Vlahušić (CPP)
Area
 • Ceety 21.35 km2 (8.24 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Ceety 42,641
 • Urban 28,113
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20000
Area code(s) 020
Vehicle registration DU

Dubrovnik (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈdǔbroːʋniːk]) (Italian: Ragusa), is a Croatian ceety on the Adriatic Sea coast positioned at the terminal end o the Isthmus o Dubrovnik. It is ane o the maist prominent tourist destinations on the Adriatic, a seaport an the centre o Dubrovnik-Neretva coonty. Its population wis 43,770 in 2001,[2] doun frae 49,728 in 1991.[3] In 1979, the ceety o Dubrovnik jyned the UNESCO leet o Warld Heritage Steids.

The prosperity o the ceety o Dubrovnik haes aaways been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages, as the Republic o Ragusa, an aa kent as Maritime Republic (thegither wi Amalfi, Pisa, Genoa, Venice an ither ceeties), it becam the anerlie eastren Adriatic ceety-state tae rival Venice. Supportit bi its walth an skilled diplomacy, the ceety achieved a remarkable level o development, particularly durin the 15t an 16t centuries. Awbeit demilitarised in the 1970s wi the intent o foriver protectin it frae war devastation, in 1991, efter the breakup o Yugoslavie, it wis besieged bi Serb-Montenegrin forces for 7 months an hivily damaged bi shellin.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Croatian, the ceety is kent as Dubrovnik; in Italian as Ragusa, an its historical name in Greek is Raiyia (Ραυγια) or Ragousa (Ραγουσα).

The current Croatian name wis offeecially adoptit in 1918 efter the fall o Austrick–Hungary. It is an aa referred tae as Dubrovnik in the first offeecial document o the treaty wi the Bosnian Ban Kulin.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dubrovnik is twinned wi:[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011, First Results by Settlements" (HTML). Statistical Reports (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) (1441). June 2011. ISSN 1332-0297. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  2. "Population by ethnicity, by towns/municipalities, census 2001". Crostat - Croatia Central Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  3. "Encyclopedia, Dubrovnik". A&E Television Networks, History.com. Funk & Wagnalls' New Encyclopedia. World Almanac Education Group. Archived from the original on 2010-02-14. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 "Gradovi prijatelji Grada Dubrovnika" (in Croatian). Grad Dubrovnik. Retrieved 2009-08-26. [deid airtin]
  5. "Twin Towns - Graz Online - English Version". www.graz.at. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  6. [1]