Tourism

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Modren tourists takin photos frae an open-topped tour bus.

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisur, or business purposes. The Warld Tourism Organization defines tourists as fowk "travelin tae an stayin in places ootside thair uisual environment for nae mair than ane consecutive year for leisur, business an ither purposes".[1]

Tourism haes acome a popular global leisur activity. Efter slowly recovering frae the contraction resultin frae the late-2000s recession, whaur tourism suffered a strang slowdoun frae the seicont hauf o 2008 through the end o 2009, an the ootbreak o the H1N1 influenza virus,[2][3] internaitional tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone 1 billion tourists globally for first time in history in 2012.[4] Internaitional tourism receipts (the travel item o the balance o payments) grew tae US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, correspondin tae an increase in real terms o 3.8% from 2010.[5] In 2012, Cheenae acame the lairgest spender in internaitional tourism globally wi US$102 billion, surpassin Germany an United States. Cheenae an emergin mercats significantly increase thair spendin ower the past decade, wi Roushie an Brazil as noteworthy examples.[6]

Tourism is important, an in some cases, vital for mony kintras. It wis recognized in the Manila Declaration on Warld Tourism o 1980[7] as "an activity essential tae the life o naitions acause o its direct effects on the social, cultural, eddicational, an economic sectors o naitional societies an on thair internaitional relations."[1][8] Tourism brings in lairge amoonts o income in payment for guids an services available, accoontin for 30% o the warld's exports o services, an 6% o owerall exports o guids an services.[5] It an aa creates opportunities for employment in the service sector o the economy, associatit wi tourism.[9] These service industries include transportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships, an taxicabs; hospitality services, such as accommodations, includin hotels an resorts; an entertainment venues, such as amusement pairks, casinos, shoppin maws, muisic venues, an theatres.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "UNWTO technical manual: Collection of Tourism Expenditure Statistics". World Tourism Organization. 1995. p. 10. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  2. "International tourism challenged by deteriorating global economy". UNWTO World Tourism Barometer (World Tourism Organization) 7 (1). January 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  3. "UNWTO World Tourism Barometer Interim Update". UNWTO World Tourism Barometer (World Tourism Organization). August 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  4. "UNWTO World Tourism Barometer". UNWTO World Tourism Barometer (World Tourism Organization) 11 (1). January 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "International tourism receipts surpass US$ 1 trillion in 2011" (Press release). UNWTO. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  6. "China - the new number one tourism source market in the world". World Tourism Organization. 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  7. "Manila Declaration on World Tourism". Univerur.org. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  8. "Manila Declaration on World Tourism". World Tourism Conference. Manila, Philippines. 10 October 1980. pp. 1–4. 
  9. "2012 Tourism Highlights". UNWTO. June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.