Rio de Janeiro

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Rio de Janeiro
Municipality
Município do Rio de Janeiro
The Municipality o Rio de Janeiro
Frae the top, left tae richt: Christ the Redeemer, Rio–Niterói brig, Dountoun frae the Guanabara Bay, Maracanã Stadium, Sugarloaf cable caur, the pavement o Copacabana Beach, an panorama o the ceety taken frae Corcovado.

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Cidade Maravilhosa ("The Marvelous Ceety") or simply Rio
Location in the State o Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro is located in Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°54′30″S 43°11′47″W / 22.90833°S 43.19639°W / -22.90833; -43.19639
Kintra Banner o Brazil Brazil
Region Sootheast
State Bandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
Foondit 1 Mairch 1565
Government
 • Type Mayor-cooncil
 • Body Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
 • Mayor Eduardo Paes (PMDB)
Area
 • Municipality [[1 E+Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","._m²|1,260 km2]] (486.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,557 km2 (1,759.6 sq mi)
Elevation from 0 to 1,021 m (from 0 to 3,349 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality 6,323,037
 • Rank 2nt
 • Density 4,781/km2 (12,380/sq mi)
 • Metro 12,387,000
Demonym carioca
Time zone BST (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BDT (UTC-2)
Postal Code 20000-000
Area code(s) +55 21
Website Ceety o Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro ("River o Januar", Inglis pronunciation: /ˈriːoʊ deɪ dʒəˈnɛəroʊ/; Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁiu dʒi ʒaˈnejɾu]), commonly referred tae simply as Rio, is the caipital ceety o the State o Rio de Janeiro, the seicont lairgest ceety o Brazil an the third lairgest metropolitan aurie an agglomeration in Sooth Americae, 6t lairgest in the Americaes.

The ceety wis the caipital o Brazil for nearly twa centuries, frae 1763 tae 1815 durin the Portuguese colonial era, 1815 tae 1821 as the caipital o the United Kinrick o Portugal, Brazil an Algarves, an frae 1822 tae 1960 as an independent naition. Rio is nicknamed A Cidade Maravilhosa or "The Marvelous Ceety." It is considered a Beta- Warld Ceety.

Rio de Janeiro represents the seicont lairgest GDP in the kintra (an 30t lairgest in the warld), estimated at about 140 billion reais (IBGE/2007), an is the headquarters of twa major Brazilian companies – Petrobras an Vale, an major oil companies an telephony in Brazil, besides the lairgest conglomerat o media an communications companies in Latin Americae, the Globo Organizations. Considered bi mony universities an institutes, is the seicont lairgest center o research an development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of naitional scientific production – accordin tae 2005 data.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rio de Janeiro is twinned wi:

  Americas   Europe   Asie an Africae
Mexico Mexico Ceety, Mexico Turkey Istanbul, Turkey Philippines Batangas Ceety, Philippines
Nicaragua Managua, Nicaragua Roushie Saunt Petersburg, Roushie Japan Kobe, Japan
Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela Poland Warsaw, Poland[1] Tunisie Tunis, Tunisie
Chile Puerto Varas, Chile Portugal Santo Tirso an Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal Sooth Korea Seoul, Sooth Korea
Bolivie La Paz, Bolivie Spain Barcelona an Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands
Unitit States Miami, Unitit States Fraunce Montpellier, Fraunce Israel Tel Aviv, Israel
Unitit States Oklahoma Ceety, Unitit States Unitit Kinrick Liverpuil, Unitit Kinrick Indie Mumbai, Indie
Unitit States Newark, Unitit States Fraunce Paris, Fraunce Sooth Africae Durban, Sooth Africae
Unitit States Atlanta, Unitit States Portugal Lisbon, Portugal Lebanon Beirut, Lebanon
Canadae Vancouver, Canadae[2] Spain Madrid, Spain[3] Morocco Casablanca, Morocco
Argentinae Buenos Aires, Argentinae Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine[4] Nigerie Lagos, Nigerie
Brazil Belo Horizonte, Brazil[5] Romanie Bucharest, Romanie[6] Senegal Rufisque, Senegal[7]
Brazil Natal, Brazil[8] Portugal Guimarães, Portugal[9] Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Beijing, Cheenae
Armenie Yerevan, Armenie


References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  2. "Rio 2016". Rio 2016. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  3. "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" (in (Spainyie)). www.munimadrid.es. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  4. "Lei Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 4917 de 2008 - Wikisource" (in (Portuguese)). Pt.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  5. http://spl.camara.rj.gov.br/spldocs/pl/2006/pl0980_2006_008195.pdf
  6. "Lei Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 3467 de 2002 - Wikisource" (in (Portuguese)). Pt.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  7. "Lei Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 3152 de 2000 - Wikisource" (in (Portuguese)). Pt.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  8. Leis sancionadas e vetos (21 de janeiro de 2008). Lei n.º 4.752/2008. Câmara Municipal do Rio de Janeiro. Página visitada em 26 de outubro de 2008.
  9. Lei nº 2.643/1998. Câmara Municipal do Rio de Janeiro. Página visitada em 26 de dezembro de 2008.