Bucharest

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Bucharest
Bucureşti
Municipality

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Paris o the East, Little Paris[1]
Bucharest is located in Romania
Bucharest
Bucharest
Location in Romanie
Coordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E / 44.43250°N 26.10389°E / 44.43250; 26.10389Coordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E / 44.43250°N 26.10389°E / 44.43250; 26.10389
Kintra Romanie
Coonty Nane1
First attestit 1459
Government
 • Mayor Sorin Oprescu (Independent)
Area[2][3]
 • Municipality 228 km2 (88 sq mi)
 • Urban 285 km2 (110 sq mi)
Elevation 55.8–91.5 m (183.1–300.2 ft)
Population (2011 census)[4][5]
 • Municipality 1,677,985
 • Rank 1st in Romanie
 • Density 8,518.6/km2 (22,063/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,930,000
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 0xxxxx
Area code(s) +40 x1
Caur plate B
Website Offeecial steid
1Romanie law stipulates that Bucharest haes a special admeenistrative status which is equal tae that o a coonty.

Bucharest (Romanie: București pronounced [bukuˈreʃtʲ] ( listen)) is the caipital ceety, cultural, industrial, an financial centre o Romanie. It is the lairgest ceety in Romanie, locatit in the sootheast o the kintra, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.43250°N 26.10389°E / 44.43250; 26.10389, an lies on the banks o the Dâmbovița River.

Bucharest wis first mentioned in documents as early as 1459. Syne then it haes gane through a variety o chynges, becomin the state caipital o Romanie in 1862 an steadily consolidatin its position as the centre o the Romanian mass media, cultur an airts. Its eclectic architectur is a mix o historical (neo-classical), interbellum (Bauhaus an Art Deco), Communist-era an modren. In the period atween the twa Warld Wars, the ceety's elegant airchitectur an the sophistication o its elite earned Bucharest the nickname o the "Little Paris o the East" (Micul Paris).[6] Although mony biggins an destricts in the historic centre wur damaged or destroyed bi war, earthquakes an Nicolae Ceaușescu's program o seestematization, mony survived. In recent years, the ceety haes been experiencin an economic an cultural boom.[7]

According tae 2011 census, 1,883,425 indwallers live within the ceety leemits,[4] a decrease frae the figure recordit at the 2002 census.[2] The urban aurie extends beyond the leemits o Bucharest proper an haes a population o 1.93 million fowk.[3][8] Addin the satellite touns aroond the urban aurie, the proponed metropolitan aurie o Bucharest would hae a population o 2.27 million fowk.[9] Accordin tae Eurostat, Bucharest haes a Lairger Urban Zone o 2,151,880 residents.[5] Accordin tae unoffeecial data, the population is mair nor 3 million.[10] Bucharest is the 6t lairgest ceety in the European Union bi population within ceety leemits, efter Lunnon, Berlin, Madrid, Roum, an Paris.

Economically, Bucharest is the maist prosperous ceety in Romanie[11] an is ane o the main industrial centres an transportation hubs o Eastren Europe. The ceety haes a broad range o convention facilities, educational facilities, cultural venues, shoppin arcades an recreational auries.

The ceety proper is admeenistratively kent as the Municipality o Bucharest (Municipiul București), an haes the same admrrnistrative level as a coonty, being further subdividit intae sax sectors.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o Bucur haes an uncertain oreegin: tradition connects the foondin o Bucharest wi the name o Bucur who wis either a prince, an ootlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd, or a hunter, accordin tae different legends.[12] In Romanian the wird stem bucur means 'glad', 'joy'.

The offeecial ceety name in full is The Municipality o Bucharest (Romanie: Municipiul București).

A native or resident o Bucharest is cried Bucharester (Romanie: bucureștean).

The name is relatit wi Romanian bucurie ("joy"), haein a cognate in Albanian, bukur ("bonnie") an aa Bukuresht ( It's bonnie ).

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns—Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

The twin touns an sister cities o Bucharest are leetit below:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Paris of the east". The Irish Times. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 (Inglis) INS. "Romanian Statistical Yearbook" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2009. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections" (PDF). Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Official data for 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Urban Audit: Bucharest Profile". Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  6. Bucharest, the small Paris of the East, on the Museums from Romania web site.
  7. Bucica, 2000, p.6.
  8. (Inglis) XIX Meeting of METREX Network, Nürnberg, 15–18 June 2005. ""Bucharest: Few expectations for urban development", page 29" (PDF). Archived from the original on 26 February 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2007. [deid airtin]
  9. "Adevarul: The BMZ in numbers". Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  10. "EVZ". Retrieved 1 June 2009. 
  11. PriceWaterhouseCoopers Global Regional Attractiveness Report Romania
  12. "DEX online – Cautare: bucur". Dexonline.ro. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  13. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. tirana.gov.al. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  14. Wikisource.org (Portuguese)
  15. "Pesquisa de Legislação Municipal - No 14471" [Research Municipal Legislation - No 14471]. Prefeitura da Cidade de São Paulo [Municipality of the City of São Paulo] (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  16. Lei Municipal de São Paulo 14471 de 2007 WikiSource (Portuguese)
  17. "International Relations – São Paulo City Hall – Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 "Academy of Economic Studies – Short History of Bucharest". Ase.edu.ro. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2010. 
  19. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  20. "Oraşe înfrăţite (Twin cities of Minsk) [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Romanian). Primăria Municipiului Chişinău. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  21. "Sister Cities of Manila". 2008–2009 City Government of Manila. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  22. "Kardeş Kentleri Listesi ve 5 Mayıs Avrupa Günü Kutlaması [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Turkish). Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi - Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  23. "Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality: Cities which signed Sistership, Cooperation and Goodwill treaties with Istanbul" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-15.