Senegal

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Republic o Senegal
République du Sénégal
Banner o Senegal
Coat o airms o Senegal
Banner Coat o airms
Naitional motto: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi"  (French)
"Ane Fowk, Ane Goal, Ane Faith"
LocationSenegal.svg
Offeecial leid French
Caipital Dakar
Lairgest ceety caipital
Govrenment

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Semi-presidential republic

Preses Abdoulaye Wade


Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye

Area 196,723 km2
76,000 sq mi
Population 13,711,597
Foondin 20 August 1960
Siller Wast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC
Naitional anthem Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .sn
Cawin code 221

Senegal (/[unsupported input]ˌsɛnɨˈɡɔːl/; French: le Sénégal), offeecially the Republic o Senegal (République du Sénégal, IPA: [ʁepyblik dy seneɡal]), is a kintra sooth o the Sénégal River in Wast Africae. It owes its name tae the river that borders it tae the East an North an that oreeginates frae the Fouta Djallon in Guinea. Senegal is externally bundit bi the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast, Mauritanie tae the north, Mali tae the east, an Guinea an Guinea-Bissau tae the sooth; internally it amaist completely surrounds The Gambie, namely on the north, east an sooth, exemptin Gambie's short Atlantic Ocean coastline. Senegal covers a land aurie o amaist 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi), an haes an estimatit population o aboot 14 million. The climate is tropical wi twa saisons: the dry saison an the rainy saison.

Dakar, the caipital ceety o Senegal, is locatit at the wastrenmaist tip o the kintra on the Cap-Vert peninsula. Aboot 500 kilometres (300 mi) aff the coast, in the Atlantic Ocean, lie the Cape Verde Islands. Durin the 17t an 18t centuries, numerous tradin posts, belanging tae various colonial empires, wur established alang the coast. The toun o St Louis became the caipital o French Wastern Africae (Afrique-Occidentale française, or AOF) afore it wis moved toae Dakar in 1902. Dakar later became its caipital in 1960 at the time o unthrildom frae Fraunce.