Amsterdam

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Amsterdam
Municipality/ceety
Frae left tae richt an tap tae bottom: Rijksmuseum, Statue in the Vondelpark, Keizersgracht, Zuiderkerk, Ryal Palace (Amsterdam), ING House

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Mokum, Venice o the North
Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig
(Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate)
Location o Amsterdam
Coordinates: 52°22′23″N 4°53′32″E / 52.37306°N 4.89222°E / 52.37306; 4.89222Coordinates: 52°22′23″N 4°53′32″E / 52.37306°N 4.89222°E / 52.37306; 4.89222
Kintra Netherlands
Province North Holland
COROP Amsterdam
Burghs Centrum (Centre)
Noord (North)
West (Wast)
Nieuw-West (New-Wast)
Zuid (Sooth)
Oost (East)
Zuidoost (Sooth-East)
Westpoort (Wastgate)
Government
 • Mayor Eberhard van der Laan (PvdA)
 • Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher
Eric van der Burg
Andrée van Es
Carolien Gehrels
Freek Ossel
Maarten van Poelgeest
Eric Wiebes
 • Secretary Henk de Jong
Area[1][2]
 • Municipality/ceety 219 km2 (85 sq mi)
 • Land 166 km2 (64 sq mi)
 • Water 53 km2 (20 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,815 km2 (701 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 2 m (7 ft)
Population (6 May 2012)[4][5]
 • Municipality/ceety 820,654
 • Density 3,506/km2 (9,080/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,209,419
 • Metro 2,289,762
 • Demonym Amsterdammer (♂), Amsterdamse (♀)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02) (UTC)
Postal codes 1011–1109
Area code(s) 020
Website www.amsterdam.nl

Amsterdam (pronounced /ˈæmstərdæm/; Dutch [ˌɑmstərˈdɑm] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o the Netherlands, wi an urban population o 1,364,422 an a metropolitan population o 2,158,372. The ceety is locatit in the province o North Holland in the wast o the kintra. It comprises the northren pairt o the Randstad, the saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie in Europe, wi a population o approximately 8.1 million.

Its name is derived frae Amstellerdam,[6] indicative o the ceety's oreegin: a dam in the river Amstel. Settled as a sma fishin veelage in the late 12t century, Amsterdam became ane o the maist important ports in the warld durin the Dutch Gowden Age, a result o its innovative developments in trade. Durin that time, the ceety wis the leadin centre for finance an diamonds.[7] In the 19t an 20t centuries, the ceety expandit, an mony new neeburhuids an suburbs wur formed. The 17t-century canals o Amsterdam (in Dutch: 'Grachtengordel'), locatit in the hert o Amsterdam, wur eikit tae the UNESCO Warld Heritage Leet in Julie 2010.

The ceety is the financial an cultural caipital o the Netherlands.[8] Mony lairge Dutch institutions hae thair heidquarters thare, an 7 o the warld's tap 500 companies, includin Philips an ING, are based in the ceety.[9] In 2010, Amsterdam wis ranked 13t globally on quality o livin[10] bi Mercer, an previously ranked 3rd in innovation bi 2thinknow in the Innovation Cities Index 2009.[11]

The Amsterdam Stock Exchynge, the auldest stock exchynge in the warld, is locatit in the ceety centre. Amsterdam's main sichts, includin its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Anne Frank Hoose, its reid-licht destrict, an its mony cannabis coffee shops draw mair nor 3.66 million internaitional veesitors ilka year.[12]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceety Municipality / Destrict / Canton / Province / State / Region Kintra Syne
Blason-alger.png Algiers Algiers Province Algerie Algerie
Athens Attica's flag. Attica Greece Greece
Beijing Beijing Municipality Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Cheenae
Beira Sofala Province Mozambique Mozambique 1993
Brasão do Distrito Federal (Brasil).svg Brasília Bandeira do Distrito Federal (Brasil).svg Brazilian Federal Destrict Brazil Brazil
Istanbul Marmara Turkey Turkey
Coat of arms of Kiev.svg Kiev Kiev Ceety Municipality Ukraine Ukraine
Seal of Los Angeles, California.svg Los Angeles Flag of California.svg Californie Unitit States Unitit States o Americae
Escudo de Managua.svg Managua Managua Municipality Nicaragua Nicaragua
Armoiries de Montréal.svg Montreal Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec Canadae Canadae
Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow Flag of Moscow.svg Federal Ceety o Moscow Roushie Roushie
New York Ceety Flag of New York.svg New York Unitit States Unitit States o Americae
Nicosia Nicosia Destrict Cyprus Cyprus
Brasaorecife.jpg Recife Bandeira de Pernambuco.svg Pernambuco Brazil Brazil 2009
Coat of Arms of Riga.svg Riga Riga Municipality Latvie Latvie
Coat of arms of Sarajevo.svg Sarajevo Flag of Sarajevo Canton.png Sarajevo Canton Bosnie an Herzegovinae Bosnie an Herzegovinae
Toronto Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario Canadae Canadae

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Kerncijfers voor Amsterdam en de stadsdelen". os.amsterdam.nl. Research and Statistics Service, City of Amsterdam. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 4 April 2007. 
  2. "Area, population density, dwelling density and average dwelling occupation". os.amsterdam.nl. Research and Statistics Service, City of Amsterdam. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2008. 
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named elevation
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CBS
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named randstad
  6. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Vol 1, p896-898.
  7. Cambridge.org, Capitals of Capital -A History of International Financial Centres – 1780–2005, Youssef Cassis, ISBN 978-0-521-84535-9
  8. Efter Athens in 1888 an Florence in 1986, Amsterdam wis in 1986 chosen as the European Caipital o Cultur, confirmin its eminent position in Europe an the Netherlands. See EC.europa.eu for an owerview o the European ceeties an caipitals o cultur ower the years.
  9. Forbes.com, Forbes Global 2000 Largest Companies – Dutch rankings.
  10. "Best cities in the world (Mercer)". City Mayors. 2010-05-26. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  11. "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index - worldwide innovation city rankings". Innovation-cities.com. 2009-07-30. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  12. "Key Figures Amsterdam 2009: Tourism". City of Amsterdam Department for Research and Statistics. 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009.