Algiers

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Algiers
الجزائر   
Dzayer ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ دزاير   (Vernacular)
Ceety

Seal
Nickname(s): Algiers the White ; Algiers the Dazzlin
Algiers is located in Algeria
Algiers
Algiers
Location o Algiers athin Algerie
Coordinates: 36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.217°E / 36.700; 3.217
Kintra Algerie
Wilaya Algiers
Re-foondit AD 944
Government
 • Wali (Govrenor) M. Mohamed Kebir Addou
Area
 • Ceety 1,190 km2 (460 sq mi)
Elevation 0.9 m (3 ft)
Population (1998 for ceety proper, 2011 for metro aurie)[1][2]
 • Ceety 2,882,897
 • Metro 5,000,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal codes 16000–16132

Algiers /ælˈdʒɪərz/ (Arabic: الجزائرal-Jazā’ir, Algerian Arabic an Berber: Dzayer دزاير [dzæˈjer]; French: Alger, pronounced: [alʒe]) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Algerie an the Maghreb.

Cawed El-Bahdja (البهجة) or alternatively Alger le Blanc ("Algiers the White") for the glistenin white o its buildings as seen risin up frae the sea, Algiers is situatit on the wast side o a bay o the Mediterranean Sea. The ceety name is derived (via French Alger an Catalan Alguère[3]) frae the Arabic wird الجزائر al-jazā’ir, which translates as the islands, referrin tae the fower islands which lay aff the ceety's coast till becomin pairt o the mainland in 1525. Al-jazā’ir is itsel a truncatit form o the ceety's aulder name جزائر بني مازغان jazā’ir banī mazghannā, "the islands o (the tribe) Bani Mazghanna", uised bi early medieval geographers such as al-Idrisi an Yaqut al-Hamawi.

The modren pairt o the ceety is built on the level grund bi the seashore; the auld pairt, the auncient ceety o the deys, climbs the steep hill ahint the modren toun an is crouned bi the casbah or citadel, 400 ft (122 m) abuin the sea. The casbah an the twa quays form a triangle.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Algiers is twinned wi:

In addition, mony o the wards an ceeties athin Algiers maintain sister-ceety relationships wi ither foreign ceeties.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Population of the city proper accoding to the 1998 census (via". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  2. "UN World Urbanization Prospects". Esa.un.org. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  3. Origins of Algiers by Louis Leschi, speech delivered June 16, 1941 published in El Djezair Sheets, July 1941 History of Algeria (French).
  4. "Sherlock, banque d'information de la Ville de Montréal". 1.ville.montreal.qc.ca. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]