Surakarta

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Surakarta
Ceety
Clockwise: Skyline o Solo, Omah Sinten, Pura Mangkunagaran, Sriwedari, Windujenar Market

Seal
Nickname(s): Solo
Motto: The Spirit o Java
Surakarta is located in Indonesia
Surakarta
Surakarta
Location o Surakarta in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°34′0″S 110°49′0″E / 7.56667°S 110.81667°E / -7.56667; 110.81667
Kintra Indonesie
Province Central Java
Government
 • Mayor F.X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Area
 • Total 44.03 km2 (17.00 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 520,061
 • Density 12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 0271
Website www.surakarta.go.id

Surakarta, eften cried Solo an less commonly Sala, is a ceety in Central Java, Indonesie o mair than 520,061 fowk (2009)[1] wi a population density o 11,811.5 fowk/km2. The 44 km2 ceety[2] adjyns Karanganyar Regency an Boyolali Regency tae the north, Karanganyar Regency an Sukoharjo Regency tae the east an wast, an Sukoharjo Regency tae the sooth.[3] On the eastren side o Solo lies Bengawan Solo River. The ceety is the seat o Surakarta Sunanate kraton (palace/coort). Together wi Yogyakarta, Surakarta is the heir o the Mataram Kingdom that wis split intae twa kinricks in 1755.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Day View o Surakarta

Surakarta is a laichland lyin on flat terrain 105 m above sea level (in the ceety center aboot 95 m above sea level), wi an aurie o 44.1 km2 (0.14% o the aurie o Central Java). It is approximately 65 km (40 mi) northeast o Yogyakarta an 100 km (62 mi) sootheast o Semarang. The eastren pairt o the toun is bordered bi Bengawan Solo River, the langest river on Java. The river is the inspiration for the sang "Bengawan Solo", a 1940s composition bi Gesang Martohartono which acame famous throughoot much o Asie. The ceety's soil is fertile acause o the river an its tributaries.

The ceety is surroondit bi Merbabu an Munt Merapi (3,151 m heich) tae the wast an Munt Lawu (3265 m heich) tae the east. The Sewu Muntain Range lies further sooth.

Hydrogeology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The watter soorces for Surakarta are in the valley o Merapi, a tot o 19 locations, wi a capacity o 3,404 l/seicont. The average soorce watter heicht is 800–1,200 m above sea level. In 1890–1927 thare wur only 12 wells in Surakarta. The day, unnergroond watter wells in 23 locations produce aboot 45 l/seicont.[4]

In Mairch 2006, Surakarta's state watter company (PDAM) haed a production capacity o 865.02 l/seicont: frae Cokrotulung, Klaten, 27 km frae Solo, 387 l/s; an frae 26 deep wells, wi a tot capacity o 478,02 l/seicont. The tot reservoir capacity is 9,140 m3 an can serve 55,22% o the population.[5]

The soil in Solo is fertile, pairtly acause o the volcanic activity o Munts Merapi an Lawu. Combined wi abundant watter soorce, maks the hinterland guid for plantin vegetables, fuid an cash crops. But in the last 20 years, manufacturin industry an tourism hae been boomin an agricultur declinin.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unner the Köppen climate classification, Surakarta featurs a tropical monsoon climate. The ceety haes a lengthy wet saison spanning frae October through Juin, an a relatively short dry saison coverin the remainin three months (Julie through September). On average Surakarta receives just unner 2200 mm o rainfaw annually, wi its wettest months bein December, Januar, an Februar. As is common in auries featurin a tropical monsoon climate, temperaturs are relatively consistent throughout the year. Surakarta's average temperature is roughly 30 degrees Celsius every month.

Climate data for Surakarta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(85)
31
(87)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(85)
30
(86)
31
(87)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(85)
29.9
(85.8)
Average laich °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(69)
21
(69)
22
(71)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21.8
(71.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 350
(13.78)
330
(12.99)
210
(8.27)
210
(8.27)
120
(4.72)
80
(3.15)
40
(1.57)
20
(0.79)
30
(1.18)
90
(3.54)
220
(8.66)
340
(13.39)
2,180
(85.83)
Source: Watherbase[6]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 (Indonesie) "Jumlah dan Persentase Penduduk menurut Kabupaten/Kota dan Jenis Kelamin di Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2009". Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  2. (Indonesie) Badan Pusat Statistik: Luas Daerah menurut Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2009
  3. (Indonesie) Map of Surakarta
  4. (Inglis) PDAM Solo: The Greater Surakarta
  5. (Indonesie) Produksi air
  6. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Surakarta". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved November 24, 2011.
  7. "Surakarta dan Montana, Bulgaria Menjadi Kota Kembar". Portal Nasional Republik Indonesia. October 21, 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  8. "Indonesia – Sister Cities". Skyscraper City. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit media
Images
Picturs o Surakarta on Flickr
Video
Video aboot Solo an surroondin frae archive.org