Banjul

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Banjul
Banjul Keeng Fahad Mosque an surroondins
Banjul seen frae SPOT satellite
Banjul is located in Gambia
Banjul
Banjul
Banjul seen frae SPOT satellite
Coordinates: 13°27′11″N 16°34′39″W / 13.45306°N 16.57750°W / 13.45306; -16.57750
Kintra The Gambie
Diveesion Banjul
Area
 • Urban 36 sq mi (93 km2)
Population (2003)
 • City 34,828
 • Density 970/sq mi (374.5/km2)
 • Urban 357,238

Banjul (umwhile Bathurst), offeecially the City of Banjul, is the caipital o The Gambie, an is in the diveesion o the same name. The population o the ceety proper is anerlie 34,828, wi the Greater Banjul Aurie, which includes the City of Banjul an the Kanifing Municipal Council, at a population o 357,238 (2003 census).[1] Banjul is on St Mary's Island (Banjul Island), whare the Gambia River enters the Atlantic Ocean. The island is connectit tae the mainland — bi passenger an vehicle ferries tae the north an bi brigs tae the sooth.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Banjul taks its name frae the Mandé fowk who gathered specific fibres on the island, which wur uised in the manufactur o ropes. Bang julo is the Mandinka (Mande) wird for rope fibre.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1651 Banjul wis leased bi the Duke o Courland frae the keeng o Kombo, as pairt o Courland colonization.[2]

In 1816, the Breetish foondit Banjul as a tradin post an base for suppressin the slave trade. The Breetish renamit the Banjul Island tae St. Mary an first namit Bathurst efter Henry Bathurst, the secretary o the Breetish Colonial Office, but wis chyngit tae Banjul in 1973.[3]

Arch 22 at the entrance to Banjul

On 22 Julie 1994 Banjul wis the scene o a bloodless militar coup d'état in which Preses Dawda Jawara wis owerthrown an replacit bi the kintra's current Preses Yahya Jammeh. Tae commemorate this event, Arch 22 wis built as an entrance portal tae the caipital. The gate is 35 metres taw an staunds at the centre o an open square. It hooses a textile museum.

Attractions in the ceety include the Gambian National Museum, the Albert Market, Banjul State House, Banjul Court House, African Heritage Museum, twa cathedrals an several major mosques.[4]

Banjul is the destination o the Plymouth-Banjul Challenge, a charity road rally.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Banjul is the kintra's economic an admeenistrative centre an includes the Central Bank of The Gambia. Peanut processin is the kintra's principal industry, but beeswax, palm wood, palm ile, an skins an hides are shippit frae the port o Banjul an aw.[5]

Banjul is the hame o the Gambia Technical Training Institute an aw. GTTI is currently engagit in a pairtnership wi nan-profit organization Power Up Gambia tae develop a solar energy trainin program.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Banjul haes a vera wairm climate year roond. Unner the Köppen climate classification, Banjul features a tropical wet an dry climate. The ceety featurs a lengthy dry saison, spannin frae November tae Juin an a relatively short wet saison coverin the remainin fower months. Housomeivver, durin those fower months, Banjul tends tae see hivy precipitation. August is uisually the rainiest month, wi on average 500 mm o precipitation fawin. Temperaturs are somewha constant, though it tends tae be slichtly ceuler durin the wet saison than the dry saison.

Climate data for Banjul
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 37
(99)
39
(102)
40
(104)
41
(106)
41
(106)
38
(100)
34
(93)
33
(91)
34
(93)
37
(99)
36
(97)
36
(97)
41
(106)
Average heich °C (°F) 31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average laich °C (°F) 15
(59)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
18
(64)
16
(61)
19
(66)
Record laich °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
20
(68)
17
(63)
16
(61)
12
(54)
9
(48)
7
(45)
Rainfall mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
58
(2.28)
282
(11.1)
500
(19.69)
310
(12.2)
109
(4.29)
18
(0.71)
3
(0.12)
1,296
(51.02)
humidity 47 46 52 61 69 76 83 86 84 80 69 56 67.4
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0 0 0 0 1 5 16 19 19 9 1 3 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279 282 310 300 310 270 186 186 180 248 240 279 3,070
Source: BBC Weather[6]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Albert Market
A street in Banjul

Ferries sail frae Banjul tae Barra. The ceety is servit bi the Banjul Internaitional Airport. Banjul is on the Trans–Wast African Coastal Heich-gate connectin it tae Dakar an Bissau, an will eventually provide a pavit heich-gate link tae 11 ither naitions o the Economic Commonty o Wast African States (ECOWAS).

Banjul Internaitional Airport wis ane o the primary Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL) steids for the Space Shuttle. It wis selectit in September 1987, replacin a TAL steid at Dakar, Senegal, due tae runwey deficiencies an geographic hazards thare. Banjul wis closed as a TAL steid in November 2002, although it wis uised for the STS-125 mission tae the Hubble Space Telescope in 2009.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Destricts o Banjul

Banjul Diveesion (Greater Banjul Aurie) is dividit inta twa destricts:

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gambia Divisions
  2. [1]
  3. History of Banjul
  4. Banjul Gambia - Travel Information
  5. State Department Information
  6. "Average Conditions Banjul, Gambia". BBC Weather. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  7. Cooperation is established in ICT-infrastructure for the B.C.C. and other projects for capacity building. Ostend-based humanitarian organisation Medios vzw is supporting the Female Surgical Ward of the Royal Victoria Teaching Hospital. (more info on http://stedenband.oostende.be)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Admeenistrative diveesions o The Gambie