Nouakchott

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Nouakchott
نواكشوط
Nouakchott is located in Mauritania
Nouakchott
Nouakchott
Map o Mauritanie showin Nouakchott
Coordinates: 18°6′N 15°57′W / 18.100°N 15.950°W / 18.100; -15.950
Country Banner o Mauritanie Mauritanie
Caipital destrict Nouakchott
Government
 • Mayor Ahmed Hamza (2007-)
Area
 • Total 1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Total 881,000
 • Density 881/km2 (2,280/sq mi)

Nouakchott (Arabic: نواكشوطor انواكشوط‎ (believed translation frae Berber "The place o the winds", Nawākšūṭ)) is the caipital an bi far the lairgest ceety o Mauritanie. It is ane o the lairgest ceeties in the Sahara. The ceety is the administrative an economic centre o Mauritanie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

A tiny fishin toun till 1958, Nouakchott wis mentioned little durin pre-colonial an colonial history. It is possible that the Berber Muslim Almoravids wur oreeginally frae the aurie. Despite its name, based on a Berber expression meanin "place o the winds",[1] the ceety wis selectit as the caipital ceety for its moderate climate an central location athin the kintra.[2] It did, however, sit on one of the most valuable trade routes to West Africa.[1]

Street scene in Nouakchott

Mauritania wis pairt o the lairger French colony o French Wast Africae, an as such haed nae caipital durin the colonial period: Saint-Louis, in Senegal, held that position. In 1957, this small port toun wis chosen tae be the caipital o the new kintra, an an ambitious biggin program wis begun tae increase its population tae 15,000, stairtin a year later.[3] In 1958, Mauritania wis formed as an autonomous republic in the French Community, an in 1960 it became an independent kintra, wi Nouakchott as its caipital.

Since independence[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis attacked in 1976 bi the Polisario Front, as pairt o the Wastren Sahara unthirldom movement.[4] Atween 1988 an 1989, racial tensions atween Arabs an blacks escalatit. There wis discrimination an retaliation bi Arabs an blacks.[5] The wur an aa three days o "bread riots" stairtin Januar 21, 1995.[5]

The ceety haes haed rapid growth, driven bi the north African drought since the beginnin o the 1970s: mony hae moved tae the ceety in search o a better life.[1] The population is estimatit tae hae been juist unner 1,000,000 in 2000, an tae hae grown tae abuin 2,000,000 as o 2008.[6]

There is currently a lairge amount o Cheenese investment in Mauritanie, focused on the ceety.[1]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nouakchott featurs a het desert climate (Köppen: BWh) wit lang het simmers an short wairm winters. Acause o its location, temperaturs are het for maist o the year. However, Nouakchott possesses a mild temperature range compared tae ither ceeties in this climate. While average heich temperatures are relatively constant at around 32 °C (89.6 °F), average law temperaturs can range frae 24 °C (75.2 °F) durin the simmer months tae 13 °C (55.4 °F) durin the "winter" months. Average law temperatures can be as law as 10 °C (50.0 °F) durin winter months in Nouakchott. Average rainfaw in the ceety is 159 millimetres (6.3 in) a year. The bulk o the precipitation typically faws within August, the ane month that fairms the ceety’s very brief wet saison.

Climate data for Nouakchott
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 36
(97)
39
(102)
41
(106)
43
(109)
46
(115)
46
(115)
43
(109)
42
(108)
44
(111)
43
(109)
42
(108)
37
(99)
46
(115)
Average heich °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
28
(82)
34
(93)
Average laich °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
13
(55)
19
(66)
Record laich °C (°F) 7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
20
(68)
22
(72)
17
(63)
13
(55)
7
(45)
7
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
13
(0.51)
104
(4.09)
23
(0.91)
10
(0.39)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
159
(6.26)
Source: BBC Wather [7]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nouakchott is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Mauritania". OTAL. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  2. Cities of the World, Vol. 1, p331; Brian Rajewski, ed., for Eastword Publications Development Inc., Cleveland, Ohio; Gale Research, Detroit, 1999. ISBN 0-8103-7692-X.
  3. Nouakchott. Questia. Accessed 25 August 2009.
  4. Nouakchott. LookLex. Accessed 25 August 2009.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Mauritania:History. LookLex. Accessed 25 August 2009.
  6. Nouakchott Travel Guide. World66. Accessed 25 August 2009.
  7. "Average Conditions Nouakchott, Mauritania". BBC Weather. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  8. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid. 
  9. Gansu Province Website-International Exchanges-Sister Cities. Accessed 25 August 2009.
  10. Amman’s Relations with Other Cities. Municipality of Greater Annam. Accessed 25 August 2009.