Lusaka is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Zambie. It is locatit in the soothren pairt o the central plateau, at an elevation o 1279 m. It haes a population o 3,100,000 (2007 estimate). It is a commercial centre as well as the centre o govrenment, an the fower main hieways o Zambie heids north, sooth, east an west frae it. The twa main leids spoken in Lusaka are Inglis an Nyanja.
Lusaka wis the site o a veelage named efter its heidman Lusakasa, which, accordin tae history, wis locatit at Manda Hill, near whaur the Zambie's Naitional Assembly biggin nou staunds. In the Nyanja leid, Manda means graveyard. The aurie wis expandit bi European (mainly Breetish) settlers in 1905 wi the biggin o the railway.
In 1935, due tae its fairly central location, its situation on the railway an at the crossroads o the Great North Road an Great East Road, it wis chosen tae replace Livingstone as the caipital o the Breetish colony o Northren Rhodesie.
Efter the federation o Northren an Soothren Rhodesie in 1953, it wis a centre o the unthirldom movement amangst some o the educatit elite that led tae the creation o the Republic o Zambie. In 1964, Lusaka became the caipital o the newly independent Zambie.
In recent years, Lusaka haes become a popular urban settlement for Zambians an tourists alike. Its central nature an fast growin infrastructure sector haes increased donor confidence an as such Zambians are seein signs o development in the form o job creation, hoosin, etc. Consequently, it is thought that wi proper an effective economic reforms, Lusaka as well as Zambie as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka is hame tae a diverse community o foreigners, mony o whom wirk in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives o releegious organizations an some business fowk.