Tajikistan

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Republic o Tajikistan
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Çumhurii Toçikiston
Banner Emblem
Anthem: Surudi Milli
Oor beloved kintra
Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Dushanbe
38°33′N 68°48′E / 38.550°N 68.800°E / 38.550; 68.800
Offeecial leids Tajik[1]
Recognisit regional leids Roushie[2]
Ethnic groups (2000)
Demonym Tajik[3]
Government Unitary dominant-pairty semi-presidential republic
 -  Preses Emomali Rahmon
 -  Prime Meenister Kokhir Rasulzoda
Legislatur Supreme Assembly
 -  Upper hoose Naitional Assembly
 -  Lawer hoose Assembly o Representatives
Unthirldom frae the Soviet Union
 -  Declared 9 September 1991 
 -  Completit 25 December 1991 
Aurie
 -  Total 143,100 km2 (96th)
55,251 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 1.8
Population
 -  2013 estimate 8,000,000[3] (98t)
 -  2010 census 7 564 500
 -  Densitie 48.6/km2 (155t)
125.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $17,555 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $2 247[4]
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $8,572 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $1041[4]
Gini (2004) 33.59
middlin
HDI (2013) Increase 0.622[5]
medium · 127th
Currency Somoni (TJS)
Time zone TJT (UTC+5)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +992

Tajikistan (pronounced /təˈdʒɪkɨstæn/ or /təˈdʒiːkɨstæn/; Тоҷикистон [ˈtɔd​ʒikɪsˈtɔn]), offeecially the Republic o Tajikistan (Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhurii Tojikiston; Roushie: Республика Таджикистан‎, Respublika Tadzhikistan; Persian: جمهوری تاجیکستان Jomhuri-ye Tajikestan), is a mountainous landlocked kintra in Central Asie. Afghanistan borders it tae the sooth, Uzbekistan tae the west, Kyrgyzstan tae the north, an Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the east. Tajikistan an aa lies adjacent tae Pakistan an the Gilgit-Baltistan region, separatit bi the narrow Wakhan Corridor.

Maist o Tajikistan's population belangs tae the Persian-speakin Tajik ethnic group, who share leid, cultur an history wi Afghanistan an Iran. Ance part o the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic o the Soviet Union in the 20t century, kent as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR). Mountains cover ower 90% o this Central Asian republic.

Efter independence, Tajikistan suffered frae a devastatin civil war which lastit frae 1992 tae 1997. Since the end o the war, newly establisht politeecal stability an foreign aid hae allawed the kintra's economy tae grow. Trade in commodities such as cotton an aluminium haes contributit greatly tae this steady improvement.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tajikistan consists o 4 admeenistrative diveesions. These are the provinces (viloyat) o Sughd an Khatlon, the autonomous province o Gorno-Badakhshan (abbreviated as GBAO), an the Region o Republican Subordination (RRP – Raiony Respublikanskogo Podchineniya in transliteration frae Roushie or NTJ – Ноҳияҳои тобеи ҷумҳурӣ in Tajik; umwhile kent as Karotegin Province). Each region is dividit intae several destricts (Tajik: Ноҳия, nohiya or raion), which in turn are subdividit intae jamoats (veelage-level sel-govrenin units) an then veelages (qyshloqs). As o 2006, there wur 58 destricts an 367 jamoats in Tajikistan.[6]

Diveesion ISO 3166-2 Caipital Aurie (km²) Pop (2008)
Sughd TJ-SU Khujand 25,400 2,132,100
Region o Republican Subordination TJ-RR Dushanbe 28,600 1,606,900
Khatlon TJ-KT Qurghonteppa  24,800 2,579,300
Gorno-Badakhshan TJ-BG Khorugh 64,200 218,000

Source: Population an aurie frae State Statistical Committee o Tajikistan.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Constitution o the Republic o Tajikistan, 6 November 1994, Article 2.
  2. "В Таджикистане русскому языку вернули прежний статус". Lenta.ru. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Central Asia: Tajikistan". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Tajikistan profile at". International Monetary Fund website. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  5. "Human Development Report 2009: Tajikistan". United Nations. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008 (Roushie)