Soviet Union

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Union o Soviet Socialist Republics
Ither names
Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik




Banner State Emblem
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!
(Translit.: Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'!)
Scots: Wirkers o the warld, unite!
"The Internationale"
(1922–1944) File:Internationale orchestral arrangement.ogg
"Naitional Anthem o the Soviet Union"
The Soviet Union efter Warld War II
Caipital Moscow
Leid(s) Russian, mony ithers
Releegion State atheism[2] (see text)
Government Union,
Marxist–Leninist single-pairty state
General Secretary
 − 1922–1952 Joseph Stalin (first)
 − 1991 Vladimir Ivashko (last)
Heid o State
 − 1922–1938 Mikhail Kalinin (first)
 − 1988–1991 Mikhail Gorbachev (last)
Heid o Govrenment
 − 1922–1924 Vladimir Lenin (first)
 − 1991 Ivan Silayev (last)
Legislatur Supreme Soviet
 − Upperhoose Soviet o the Union
 − Lowerhoose Soviet o Naitionalities
Historical era Interwar period / Cauld War
 - Treaty o Creation 30 Dizember 1922
 - Union dissolvit 26 Dizember 1991[1]
 − 1991 22,402,200 km2 (8,649,538 sq mi)
 − 1991 est. 293,047,571 
     Density 13.1 /km2  (33.9 /sq mi)
Siller Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Internet TLD .su2
Cawin code +7
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Roushie Soviet Federal Socialist Republic
Transcaucasie Socialist Federal Socialist Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Byeloroushie Soviet Socialist Republic
1On 21 December 1991, eleiven o the umwhile socialist republics declared in Alma-Ata (wi the 12t republic – Georgie – attendin as a observer) that wi the formation o the Commonwalth o Unthirlt States the Union o Soviet Socialist Republics ceases tae exist.

2Assigned on 19 September 1990, existin onwairds.
3The govrenments o Estonie, Latvie, an Lithuanie view thaimsels as continuous an unrelatit tae the respective Soviet republics.
Roushie views the Estonie, Latvie, an Lithuanie SSRs as legal constituent republics o the USSR an predecessors o the modren Baltic states.
The Govrenment o the Unitit States an a nummer o ither kintras didna recognise the annexation o Estonie, Latvie, an Lithuanie tae the USSR as a legal inclusion.

Wairnin: Value specified for "continent" daes nae comply

The Soviet Union (whiles spelt in Scots "Sovyet Union"), formally the Union o Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Roushie: Союз Советских Социалистических Республик, СССР; Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik) wis a kintra in Eurasie. It wis shapit in 1922, efter the Roushie Revolution o 1917; its first leader wis Vladimir Lenin. It wis a confederation o 15 consteetuent republics, the biggest o thaim bein Roushie. The Union, alang wi the rule o the Communist Pairty, fell apairt in 1991, efter a series o reforms stairtit by Mikhail Gorbachev.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Declaration № 142-Н o the Soviet o the Republics o the Supreme Soviet o the Soviet Union, formally establishin the dissolution o the Soviet Union as a state an subject o internaitional law. (Roushie)
  2. 73 Years of State Atheism in the Soviet Union, ended amid collapse in 1990