Kyrgyzstan

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Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасы
Kırgız Respublikası
Кыргызская Республика
Kyrgyzskaya Respublika
Banner o Kyrgyzstan
Emblem o Kyrgyzstan
Banner Emblem
Naitional motto:
LocationKyrgyzstan.svg
Offeecial leid Kyrgyz, Roushie
Caipital Bishkek
Lairgest ceety caipital
Govrenment

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Parliamentary republic

Preses Roza Otunbayeva


Almazbek Atambayev

Area 199,900 km2
77,181 sq mi
Population 5,482,000
Foondin 31 August 1991
Siller Som
Time zone UTC+5
Naitional anthem Naitional Anthem o the Kyrgyz Republic
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .kg
Cawin code 996

Kyrgyzstan (Inglis pronunciation: /ˈkɜrɡɪstɑːn/ KUR-gi-stahn; Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан [qɯrʁɯzstɑ́n]; Roushie: Кыргызстан[kɨrɡɨsˈtan]), offeecially the Kyrgyz Republic is ane o the sax independent Turkic states thegither wi Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan an Kazakhstan. Locatit in Central Asie, landlockt an mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered bi Kazakhstan tae the north, Uzbekistan tae the wast, Tajikistan tae the soothwast an Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the east. Its caipital an lairgest ceety is Bishkek.

"Kyrgyz", is believed tae hae been derived frae the Turkic wird for "fowertie", in reference tae the fowertie clans o Manas, a legendary hero who unitit fowertie regional clans against the Uyghers. At the time, in the early 9t century AD, the Uyghers dominatit muckle o Central Asie (includin Kyrgyzstan), Mongolie, an pairts o Roushie an Cheenae.[1]

Bi extension, Kyrgyz is an aa thought tae mean "unconquerable" or "undefeatable".

The 40-ray sun on the banner o Kyrgyzstan is a reference tae those same fowertie tribes an the graphical element in the sun's center depicts the wooden croun o a yurt -- a portable dwellin traditionally uised bi nomads in the steppes o Central Asie.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kyrgyzstan is ane o the twa umwhile Soviet republics in Central Asie tae retain Roushie as an offeecial leid (Kazakhstan is the ither). It addit the Kyrgyz leid tae become an offeecially bilingual kintra in September 1991. This bilingualism wis intendit tae signal tae the ethnic Roushies that they wur walcome in the new independent state, in an effort tae avoid a brain drain.

Kyrgyz is a member o the Turkic group o leids an wis written in the Arabic alphabet till the twintiet century. Latin script wis introduced an adoptit in 1928, an wis subsequently replaced bi Cyrillic script in 1941.

Generally, fowk unnerstaund an speak Roushie aw ower the kintra, except for some remote muntain auries. Roushie is the mither tongue o the majority o Bishkek dwellers, an maist business an poleetical affairs are carried oot in this leid. Till recently, Kyrgyz remained a leid spoken at hame an wis rarely uised durin meetins or ither events. Housomeivver, maist parliamentary meetins the day are conductit in Kyrgyz, wi simultaneous interpretation available for those no speakin Kyrgyz.

Provinces an destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Provinces o Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is dividit intae seiven provinces (sing. oblast (область), pl. oblasttar (областтар)) admeenistered bi appointit govrenors. The caipital, Bishkek, an the seicont lairgest ceety Osh are admeenistratively independent ceeties (shaar) wi a status equal tae a province.

Provinces o Kyrgyzstan

The provinces, an independent ceeties, are as follaes:

  1. Ceety o Bishkek
  2. Batken
  3. Chuy
  4. Jalal-Abad
  5. Naryn
  6. Osh
  7. Talas
  8. Issyk-Kul
  9. Ceety o Osh

Each province comprises a number o destricts (raions), admeenistered bi govrenment-appointit offeecials (akim). Rural communities (ayıl ökmötü), consistin o up tae 20 sma settlements, hae their awn electit mayors an cooncils.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Forty tribes and the 40-ray sun on the flag of Kyrgyzstan, SRAS–The School of Russian and Asian Studies

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenment
General information
Maps
News media
Ither

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