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Republic o Uzbekistan
O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
O'zbekstan Respublikası
Banner o Uzbekistan
Emblem o Uzbekistan
Banner Emblem
Naitional motto:
Offeecial leid Uzbek
Caipital Tashkent
Lairgest ceety caipital

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Presidential republic

Preses Islam Karimov

Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Area 447,400 km2
172,742 sq mi
Population 27,606,007
Foondin 1 September 1991
Siller Som
Time zone UTC+5
Naitional anthem Naitional Anthem o the Republic o Uzbekistan
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .uz
Cawin code 998

Uzbekistan, offeecially the Republic o Uzbekistan (Uzbek:O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси) is ane o the sax independent Turkic states. It is a doubly landlocked kintra in Central Asie, Umwhilie pairt o the Soviet Union. It shares borders wi Kazakhstan tae the west an tae the north, Kyrgyzstan an Tajikistan tae the east, an Afghanistan an Turkmenistan tae the sooth.

Ance pairt o the Persian Samanid an later Timurid empires, the region wis conquered in the early 16t century bi Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastren Turkic leid. Maist o Uzbekistan’s population today belang tae the Uzbek ethnic group an speak the Uzbek leid, ane o the family o Turkic leids.

Uzbekistan wis incorporatit intae the Roushie Empire in the 19t century an in 1924 became a constituent republic o the Soviet Union, kent as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It haes been an independent republic since December 1991.

Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, includin cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, an natural gas. Despite the declared objective o transition tae a market economy, Uzbekistan continues tae maintain rigid economic controls, which aften repel foreign investors. The policy o gradual, strictly controlled transition haes nivertheless produced beneficial results in the form o economic recovery efter 1995. Uzbekistan's domestic policies on human richts an individual freedoms are aften criticised bi internaitional organizations. In Uzbekistan aboot 45% o the population live on less than US$1.25 per day.

Provinces an destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Provinces o Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is dividit intae twal provinces (viloyatlar, singular viloyat, compund noun viloyati e.g., Toshkent viloyati, Samarqand viloyati, etc.), ane autonomous republic (respublika, compund noun respublikasi e.g. Qaraqalpaqstan Avtonom Respublikasi, Karakalpakistan Autonomous Republic, etc.), an ane independent ceety (shahar. compund noun shahri, e.g., Toshkent shahri).