Uzbekistan

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Republic o Uzbekistan
Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
Oʻzbekiston Jumhuriyati
Ўзбекистон Жумҳурияти
Banner Emblem
Anthem: 
O'zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi
Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Tashkent
41°16′N 69°13′E / 41.267°N 69.217°E / 41.267; 69.217
Offeecial leids Uzbek
Recognisit regional leids Karakalpak
Ethnic groups (1996)
Demonym Uzbek
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  Preses Islam Karimov
 -  Prime Meenister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
 -  Chairman o the Senate Ilzigar Sobirov
 -  Chairman o the Legislative Chamber Diloram Tashmukhamedova
Legislatur Supreme Assembly
 -  Upper hoose Senate
 -  Lawer hoose Legislative Chamber
Unthirldom frae the Soviet Union
 -  Formation 1747 
 -  Uzbek SSR 27 October 1924 
 -  Declared 1 September 1991 
 -  Recognized 8 December 1991 
 -  Completit 25 December 1991 
Aurie
 -  Total 448 978 km2 (56th)
172,742 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 4.9
Population
 -  2013 estimate 30,183,400[2][3] (41st)
 -  Densitie 61.4/km2 (136t)
159.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $123.577 billion
 -  Per capita $4,037[4]
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $61.720 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $2,016[4]
Gini (2003) negative increase 36.8
middlin · 95t
HDI (2013) Increase 0.654[5]
medium · 114nt
Currency Uzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (UZS)
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
 -  Summer (DST) nae observed (UTC+5)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +998
Internet TLD .uz
a. Offeecial Uzbek statistics.[citation needit]
b. As the Emirate o Bukhara, Kokand Khanate, an Khwarezm.

Uzbekistan, offeecially the Republic o Uzbekistan (Uzbek:O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси) is ane o the sax independent Turkic states. It is a doubly landlocked kintra in Central Asie, Umwhilie pairt o the Soviet Union. It shares borders wi Kazakhstan tae the west an tae the north, Kyrgyzstan an Tajikistan tae the east, an Afghanistan an Turkmenistan tae the sooth.

Ance pairt o the Persian Samanid an later Timurid empires, the region wis conquered in the early 16t century bi Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastren Turkic leid. Maist o Uzbekistan’s population today belang tae the Uzbek ethnic group an speak the Uzbek leid, ane o the family o Turkic leids.

Uzbekistan wis incorporatit intae the Roushie Empire in the 19t century an in 1924 became a constituent republic o the Soviet Union, kent as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It haes been an independent republic since December 1991.

Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, includin cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, an natural gas. Despite the declared objective o transition tae a market economy, Uzbekistan continues tae maintain rigid economic controls, which aften repel foreign investors. The policy o gradual, strictly controlled transition haes nivertheless produced beneficial results in the form o economic recovery efter 1995. Uzbekistan's domestic policies on human richts an individual freedoms are aften criticised bi internaitional organizations. In Uzbekistan aboot 45% o the population live on less than US$1.25 per day.

Provinces an destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Uzbekistan is dividit intae twal provinces (viloyatlar, singular viloyat, compund noun viloyati e.g., Toshkent viloyati, Samarqand viloyati, etc.), ane autonomous republic (respublika, compund noun respublikasi e.g. Qaraqalpaqstan Avtonom Respublikasi, Karakalpakistan Autonomous Republic, etc.), an ane independent ceety (shahar. compund noun shahri, e.g., Toshkent shahri).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  2. "Official population 5 September 2013" (in Russian). Stat.uz. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  3. "Численность населения Узбекистана превысила 30 млн. человек" (in Russian). Uzreport.com. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Uzbekistan reports. International Monetary Fund
  5. "Human Development Report 2013". United Nations. 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014.