Los Angeles

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Los Angeles
Ceety
City of Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles, Venice, Griffith Observatory, Hollywood Sign

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): L.A., the Ceety o Angels,[1] Angeltown,[2] La-La Land[3]
Location athin Los Angeles Coonty in the state o Californie
Los Angeles is located in United States
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250
Kintra Unitit States
State Californie
Coonty Los Angeles
Settled 4 September 1781
Incorporatit 4 Aprile 1850
Government
 • Type Mayor-Cooncil
 • Body Los Angeles City Council
 • Mayor Eric Garcetti
 • Ceety Attorney Mike Feuer
 • Ceety Controller Ron Galperin
Area[4]
 • Ceety 502.693 sq mi (1,301.970 km2)
 • Land 468.670 sq mi (1,213.850 km2)
 • Water 34.023 sq mi (88.119 km2)  6.77%
Elevation 233 (ceety haw) ft (71 m)
Population (2010)
 • Ceety 3,792,621
 • Rank (2nt US, 48t Warld)
 • Density 8,092.30/sq mi (3,124.45/km2)
 • Metro 12,828,837
 • CSA 17,786,419
Demonym Angeleno
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 90001–90068, 90070–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291-90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91601–91609
Area code(s) 213, 310/424, 323, 661, 747/818
Website lacity.org

Los Angeles (pronounced /lɔːs ˈændʒələs/ lawss-AN-jə-ləs;[5] Spanish: [los ˈaŋxeles], Spainyie for "The Angels") is the maist populous ceety in Californie an the seicont maist populous in the Unitit States,[6] wi a population o 3.83 million[7] on a land aurie o 498.3 square miles (1,290.6 km2). It is the focal point o the lairger Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside combined statistical aurie, which contains nearly 17.8 million fowk. Los Angeles is an aa the seat o Los Angeles Coonty, the maist populatit an ane o the maist multicultural coonties[8] in the Unitit States. The ceety's inhabitants are referred tae as "Angelenos" (/ændʒɨˈliːnoʊz/).[9]

Los Angeles wis foondit on September 4, 1781 bi Spainyie govrenor Felipe de Neve. It became a pairt o Mexico in 1821 follaein the Mexican War o Unthirldom. In 1848, at the end o the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles an the rest o Californie wure purchased as pairt o the Treaty o Guadalupe Hidalgo, therebi becomin pairt o the Unitit States. Los Angeles wis incorporatit as a municipality on Aprile 4, 1850, five months afore Californie achieved statehuid.

Aften kent bi its initials, LA, an nicknamed the Ceety o Angels, Los Angeles is a warld center o business, internaitional trade, entertainment, cultur, media, fashion, science, technology, an education.[10][11] It is hame tae renouned institutions coverin a broad range o professional an cultural fields, an is ane o the maist substantial economic ingines athin the Unitit States. Los Angeles haes been ranked the fift maist pouerful an influential ceety in the warld, ahint anerlie New York City in the United States.[12] The Los Angeles combined statistical aurie (CSA) haes a gross metropolitan product (GMP) o $831 billion (as o 2008), makin it the third lairgest economic center in the warld, efter the Greater Tokyo Aurie an the New York metropolitan aurie.[13][14][15] As the hame base o Hollywood, it is kent as the "Entertainment Caipital o the Warld", leadin the warld in the creation o motion pictures, televeesion production, video gemmes, an recordit muisic. The importance o the entertainment business tae the ceety haes led mony celebrities tae caw Los Angeles an its surroondin suburbs hame. Los Angeles hostit the 1932 an 1984 Simmer Olympics. Los Angeles is an aa hame tae renouned universities such as the University of Southern California an the University of California, Los Angeles.

Los Angeles enjoys a Mediterranean climate, wi an average o 35 days wi measurable precipitation annually.[16]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

A sign near Ceety Hall points tae the sister ceeties o Los Angeles

Los Angeles haes 25 sister ceeties,[17] leetit chronologically bi year joined:

 
  • Israel Los Angeles an aa haes a cultural exchynge pairtnership wi Tel Aviv, Israel.[18]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Stafford, Leon (January 7, 2010). "Atlanta works on its sales pitch: Convention bureau's chief sticks to basics in marketing the city". The Atlanta Journal – Constitution. p. 1. Retrieved October 1, 2011. 
  2. Smith, Jack (October 12, 1989). "A Teflon Metropolis Where No Nicknames Stick". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. Retrieved October 1, 2011. 
  3. "'La-La Land,' now the dictionary definition of Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. March 25, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  4. "Gazetteer". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2011. 
  5. UK: /lɒs ˈændʒəliːz/ loss-AN-jə-leez
  6. "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2005 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 20, 2006. Retrieved January 26, 2007. 
  7. "Los Angeles (city) Quickfacts". US Census Bureau. 25. Retrieved October 14, 2008. 
  8. Les Christie (August 9, 2007). "The most ethnically diverse counties in the United States". CNN. Retrieved April 13, 2010. 
  9. "Angeleno". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  10. "The World According to GaWC 2008". Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, Loughborough University. Retrieved March 3, 2009. 
  11. "Inventory of World Cities". Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network. Retrieved December 1, 2007. 
  12. "Revealed: Cities that rule the world". CNN. April 10, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2010. 
  13. The 150 richest cities in the world by GDP in 2005, dated March 11, 2007. The list fails to include Taipei. Retrieved July 3, 2007.
  14. The United States Conference of Mayors and The National Association of Counties, 2007; Standard & Poor's DRI, June 2008.
  15. Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2009; GDP by Metropolitan Area, September 24, 2009 .
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named weatherbase
  17. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". Retrieved on December 18, 2009.
  18. "Tel Aviv/Los Angeles Partnership". The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles. 2007. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2008. 
  19. "Twinning link with LA". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved July 28, 2009. 
  20. "Sister cities of Los Angeles, Inc.". 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010.