Athens

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Athens
Αθήνα
Athīna
Frae upper left: the Acropolis, the Hellenic Parliament, the Zappeion, the Acropolis Museum, Monastiraki Square, Athens view towards the sea.
Frae upper left: the Acropolis, the Hellenic Parliament, the Zappeion, the Acropolis Museum, Monastiraki Square, Athens view towards the sea.
Location
Athens is located in Greece
Athens
Athens
Coordinates 37°58′N 23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Govrenment
Kintra: Greece
Region: Attica
Regional unit: Central Athens
Destricts: 7
Mayor: Giorgos Kaminis  (Independent)
(syne: 29 December 2010)
Population statistics (as o 2011)
Urban
 - Population: 3,074,160
 - Aurie: 412 km2 (159 sq mi)
 - Densitie: 7,462 /km2 (19,325 /sq mi)
Metropolitan
 - Population: 3,737,550
 - Aurie: 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi)
 - Densitie: 1,276 /km2 (3,305 /sq mi)
Municipality
 - Population: 655,780
 - Aurie: 38.964 km2 (15 sq mi)
 - Densitie: 16,830 /km2 (43,591 /sq mi)
Ither
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 70 - 338 m ­(230 - 1109 ft)
Postal: 10x xx, 11x xx, 120 xx
Telephone: 21
Auto: Yxx, Zxx, Ixx (excluding ZAx and INx)
Wabsteid
www.cityofathens.gr

Athens (/ˈæθɨnz/;[1] Modren Greek: Αθήνα, Athína, [aˈθina]; Auncient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region an is ane o the warld's auldest ceeties, wi its recordit history spannin aroond 3,400 years. Classical Athens, as a landlockit location wis a pouerful ceety-state that emergit in conjunction wi the seagoin development o the port o Piraeus. A centre for the airts, learnin an filosofie, hame o Plato's Academy an Aristotle's Lyceum,[2][3] it is widely referred tae as the cradle o Wastren ceevilization an the birthplace o democracy,[4][5] lairgely due tae the impact o its cultural an poleetical achievements durin the 5t an 4t centuries BC in later centuries on the rest o the then kent European continent.[6] The day a cosmopolitan metropolis, modren Athens is central tae economic, feenancial, industrial, poleetical an cultural life in Greece. In 2008, Athens wis rankit the warld's 32nt richest ceety bi purchasin pouer[7] an the 25t maist expensive[8] in a UBS study. The ceety is namit in honour o Athena.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lang syne, Athens wis a feckfu ceity. It wis kent for the feck o learnin that happened there, and wis hame tae Plato's Academy an Aristotle's Lyceum. It haed its ain Constitution an aw.

The Ottoman Turks teuk ower Athens in 1458. The Turks made the Parthenon intae a Muslim mosque. The Parthenon wis later skaithed in 1687 whan gunpouder explodit ben the biggin.

Athens wis freed fae the Turks durin the Greek war o unthirldom (1821-33). It syne becam the caipital o Greece.

Govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

The umwhile Athens Prefectur (blue), athin the region o Attica (grey)

Athens became the caipital o Greece in 1834, follaein Nafplion, which wis the proveesional caipital frae 1829. In addeetion, the municipality o Athens is the caipital o the Attica region. Athens can refer either tae the municipality o Athens or tae the entire Athens Urban aurie, which maks up the "Ceety o Athens" that sprawls athort the Attica Basin.

Attica Region[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Athens Metropolitan Aurie, sprawlin ower 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi), is locatit athin the 3,808 km2 (1,470 sq mi) Attica region. The region encompasses the maist populatit region o Greece, reachin 3,827,624 inhabitants in 2011,[9] while it is housomeivver, ane o the smawest regions in the kintra.

The Attica region itsel is split intae aicht regional units, oot o which the first four form Greater Athens, while the regional unit o Piraeus forms Greater Piraeus. Thegither they mak up the contiguous built up urban aurie o the Greek caipital, spanning over 412 km2 (159 sq mi).[10]

Till 2010, the first fower regional units abuin made up the abolisht Athens Prefectur (wha is referred tae as Greater Athens) an aw, which wis the maist populous o the Prefecturs o Greece at the time, accoontin for 2,640,701 fowk (in 2011),[9] athin a aurie o 361 km2 (139 sq mi).[11]

Athens Municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

The seiven destricts o Athens municipality

The municipality o Athens is the maist populous in Greece, wi a population o 664,046 fowk (in 2011)[9] an a aurie o 39 km2 (15 sq mi),[11] formin the core o the Athens Urban Aurie athin the Attica Basin. The current mayor o Athens is Giorgos Kaminis. The municipality is dividit intae seiven municipal destricts which are mainly uised for admeenistrative purposes.

Population data for the 7 municipal destricts o Athens (2001 census):[12]

1st: 97,570 2nt: 110,069 3rd: 48,305 4t: 87,672 5t: 95,234 6t: 147,181 7t: 159,483

For Athenians the maist popular wey o dividin the ceety proper is throu its neebourheids such as Pagkrati, Ambelokipi, Exarcheia, Patissia, Ilissia, Petralona, Koukaki an Kypseli, each wi its awn distinct history an characteristics.

The Athens municipality forms the core an centre o Greater Athens an aw which consists o the Athens municipality an 34 mair municipalities, which are dividit in the fower regional units mentioned abuin.

Municipalities o Greater Athens
Central Section: 1. Ceety o Athens 2. Dafni 3. Ilioupoli 4. Vyronas 5. Kaisariani 6. Zografou 7. Galatsi 8. Filadelfeia
Wast Section:
29. Egaleo
30. Agia Varvara
31. Chaidari
32. Peristeri
33. Petroupoli
34. Ilion
35. Agioi AnargyroiKamatero
Athens
North Section:
9. Nea Ionia
10. Irakleio
11. Metamorfosi
12. LykovrysiPefki
13. Kifissia
14. Penteli - Melissia
15. Amarousio
16. Vrilissia
17. Ag. Paraskevi
18. CholargosPapagou
19. Chalandri
20. FilotheiPsychiko
Sooth Section: 21. Glyfada 22. Elliniko-Argyroupoli 23. Alimos 24. Agios Dimitrios 25. Nea Smyrni 26. Faliro 27. Kallithea 28. Moschato

The municipalities o Greater Athens alang wi the municipalities athin Greater Piraeus (regional unit o Piraeus) form the Athens Urban Aurie, while the lairger metropolitan aurie includes several addeetional suburbs an touns surroondin the dense urban aurie o the Greek caipital.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athens haes several lairge sports clubs like fitball clubs AEK Athens F.C., Panathinaikos F.C. an Panionios G.S.S, basketbaa club Maroussi B.C. an handbaw club Sony Athinaikos Athens.

Olympic Gemmes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athens is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wells, John C. (1990). Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman. p. 48. ISBN 0-582-05383-8.  entry "Athens"
  2. "Contents and Principles of the Programme of Unification of the Archaeological Sites of Athens". Hellenic Ministry of Culture. www.yppo.gr. Retrieved 200–12–31. 
  3. CNN & Associated Press (16 January 1997). "Greece uncovers 'holy grail' of Greek archeology". CNN. Archived from the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007. 
  4. "Athens". Retrieved 31 December 2008. "Ancient Greek Athenai, historic city and capital of Greece. Many of classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization" 
  5. BBC History on Greek Democracy – Accessed on 26 January 2007
  6. Encarta Ancient Greece from the Internet Archive– Retrieved on 28 February 2012. Archived 31 October 2009.
  7. "City Mayors: World's richest cities by purchasing power". City Mayors. 2008. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 12 May 2008. 
  8. "City Mayors: Cost of living – The world's most expensive cities". City Mayors. 2008. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2008. 
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named census11
  10. Kallikratis reform law text PDF
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named area
  12. [1]
  13. http://www.museumstuff.com/learn/topics/Athens,_GA::sub::Sister_Cities
  14. "Barcelona internacional – Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  15. "Beijing Sister Cities". City of Beijing. www.ebeijing.gov.cn. Retrieved 3 January 2007. 
  16. "Twinnings of the city". City of Beirut. www.beirut.gov.lb. Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  17. "Twinning with Palestine". Twinning With Palestine. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  18. "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. Retrieved 10 October 2009. 
  19. "Academy of Economic Studies – Short History of Bucharest". Bucharest University of Economics. Retrieved 1 August 2008. [deid airtin]
  20. "Chicago Sister Cities". City of Chicago. www.chicagosistercities.com. Retrieved 3 January 2007. 
  21. "Ciudades Hermanas". Municipalidad del Cusco (in Spanish). www.municusco.gob.pe. Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  22. Erdem, Selim Efe (3 November 2003). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş". Radikal (in Turkish) (Radikal). Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  23. "Los Angeles Sister Cities". City of Los Angeles. www.lacity.org. Retrieved 3 January 2007. 
  24. "Moscow International Relations". Moscow City Government. June 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2008. 
  25. "Gemellaggi". Comune di Napoli (in Italian). Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  26. "Nicosia:Twin Cities". Nicosia Municipality. www.nicosia.org.cy. Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  27. "International Cooperation: Sister Cities". Seoul Metropolitan Government. www.seoul.go.kr. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  28. "Twinning Cities: International Relations". Municipality of Tirana. www.tirana.gov.al. Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  29. "Protocol and International Affairs: Sister-City Agreements". District of Columbia. os.dc.gov. Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  30. "International Cooperation". Grad Beograd. www.beograd.rs. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  31. "International Cooperation: Sister Cities: Athens". Yerevan Municipality. www.yerevan.am. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Offeecial
  • Cityofathens.gr – Ceety o Athens offeecial wabsteid
  • Athens The offeecial wabsteid o the Greek Naitional Tourism Organisation