Chicago

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Chicago
Ceety
Clockwise frae tap: Dountoun Chicago, the Chicago Theatre, the Chicago 'L', Navy Pier, Millennium Pairk, the Field Museum, an the Willis Touer.

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Seal
Nickname(s): The Windy Ceety, The Seicond Ceety, Chi-Toun, Chi-Ceety, Hog Butcher for the Warld, The Ceety That Wirks, an ithers foond at Leet o nicknames for Chicago
Motto: Laitin: Urbs in Horto (Ceety in a Garden), Mak Big Plans (Mak Na Smaa Plans), I Will
Location in the Chicago metropolitan aurie an Illinois
Chicago is located in United States
Chicago
Chicago
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 41°52′55″N 87°37′40″W / 41.88194°N 87.62778°W / 41.88194; -87.62778
Kintra Banner o Unitit States Unitit States
State Illinois
Coonties Cook, DuPage
Settled 1770s
Incorporated Mairch 4, 1837
Named for Miami-Illinois: shikaakwa
("Wild onion")
Government
 • Type Mayor–cooncil
 • Mayor Rahm Emanuel (D)
Area
 • Ceety 234.0 sq mi (606.1 km2)
 • Land 227.2 sq mi (588 km2)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km2)  3.0%
 • Urban 2,122.8 sq mi (5,498 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Elevation 597 ft (182 m)
Population (2011 Estimate)[1][2]
 • Ceety 2,707,120
 • Rank 3rd US
 • Density 11,864.4/sq mi (4,447.4/km2)
 • Urban 8,711,000
 • Metro 9,461,105
Demonym Chicagoan
Time zone CST (UTC−06:00)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−05:00)
Area code(s) 312, 773, 872
Website cityofchicago.org
[3]

Chicago is the lairgest ceety in the US state o Illinois. Wi ower 2.8 million indwallers, it is the third lairgest ceety in the Unitit States. Locatit on the soothwastren shore o Loch Michigan, Chicago is the third-maist densely populatit major ceety in the US,[4] and centur o the warld's 26t lairgest metropolitan aurie,[5] wi ower 9.5 million indwallers in three states.[6][7] Chicago is the coonty seat o Cook Coonty, the seicont lairgest coonty in the Unitit States bi population.

Chicago wis foondit in 1833, near a portage atween the Great Lakes an the Mississippi River wattershed. The day, the ceety retains its status as a major hub for industry, telecommunications an infrastructure, wi O'Hare Internaitional Airport being the seicont busiest airport in the warld. In 2008, the ceety hostit 45.6 million domestic an owerseas visitors.[8] As o 2010, Chicago's metropolitan aurie haes the 4t lairgest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) o aw metropolitan auries in the warld.[9]

The ceety is a center for business an finance an is leetit as ane o the warld's top ten Global Financial Centers. The Warld Cities Study Group at Loughborough University ratit Chicago as an "alpha warld ceety".[10]

In a 2010 survey collaboration atween Foreign Policy an A.T Kearney rankin ceeties, Chicago ranked 6t juist efter Paris an Hong Kong.[9] The rankin assesses five dimensions: value o caipital mercats, diversity o human caipital, internaitional information resources, international cultural resources, an poleetical influence. Chicago haes been ranked bi Forbes as the warld's 5t maist economically pouerful ceety.[11] Chicago is a stranghauld o the Democratic Pairty an haes been hame tae mony influential politeecians, includin, Barack Obama.

The ceety's notoriety is expressed in popular cultur is foond in novels, plays, movies, sangs, various types o journals (e.g., sports, entertainment, business, trade, an academic), an the news media. Chicago haes numerous nicknames, which reflect the impressions an opinions aboot historical an contemporary Chicago. The best kent include: "Chi-toun," "Windy Ceety," "Seicont Ceety," an the "Ceety o Big Shoulders.". Chicago haes an aa been cried "the maist American o big ceeties".

Culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chicago has a very well-kent cultur. Some o the mony things Chicago is famous for are: Chicago-style het dugs, Chicago-style (deep dish) pizza, Maxwell Street Polish Sausage, jazz muisic, an 1920s gangsters lik Al Capone. Chicago is also kent for interestin airchitectur lik the Sears Touer, many museums, an mony lyal sports fans.

For mony years, the Sears Touer wis the tawest touer in the warld. It is still the seicont tallest biggin in the Unitit States.

Chicago is home tae the lairgest population o Poles in the warld, ootside o Warsaw. Historic U.S. Route 66 stairts in Chicago bi Grant Park in front o the Art Institute of Chicago.[12]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chicago is a major warld financial center, wi the seicont lairgest central business destrict in the Unitit States.[13] The ceety is the heidquarters o the Federal Reserve Bank o Chicago (the Seventh District o the Federal Reserve). The ceety is an aa home tae major financial an futurs exchynges. Chase Bank haes its commercial an retail bankin heidquarters in Chicago's Chase Touer.[14]

Museums[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are mony museums in Chicago. These include:
Adler Planetarium - built in 1930, it is the auldest planetarium in the warld
Airt Institute o Chicago - haes a lairge collection o American an Impressionist airt
Field Museum o Naitural History - haes Sue, the lairgest an maist complete Tyrannosaurus fossil kent
Museum o Science an Industry - haes mony exhibits includin a real Boeing 727 jet plane which wis gien tae the museum bi United Airlines
Polish Museum o America - Museum hauntit bi famous piano player Ignace Paderewski, haes lairge collection o Pols airt in the biggest Pols ceety ootside o Poland
Shedd Aquarium - at ane time the warld's lairgest aquarium. Has 19 million liters (5 million gallons) o watter an 22,000 fish

Fowk frae Chicago[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some famous fowk who livit in or are frae Chicago.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Illinois' 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  2. "Population Change for the Ten Most Populous and Fastest Growing Metropolitan Statiscal Areas: 2000 to 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. March 2011. p. 6. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  3. U.S. Geological Survey Geografic Names Information Seestem: Ceety o Chicago
  4. "2000 Census: US Municipalities Over 50,000: Ranked by 2000 Density". Demographia. Retrieved 2009-06-14. 
  5. "Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections" (PDF). Demographia. April 2009. p. pages 35, 91. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-01)". 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  7. "Population in Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Ranked by 2000 Population for the United States and Puerto Rico" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. December 30, 2003. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  8. "2008 Visitor Volume Economic Impact". Chicago Convention and Tourism Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-07. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Global Cities 2010: The Rankings". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  10. P.J. Taylor et al (2009). "Measuring the World City Network: New Developments and Results". Research On Relations Between World Cities. Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network. p. see Table 1. Retrieved 2009-04-18. 
  11. In Pictures: World's Most Economically Powerful Cities - Forbes.com
  12. Begin (or End?) Route 66 in Chicago at Theroadwanderer.net
  13. "50 Largest Urban Areas: 2000 Data on Employment & Transit Work Trips" (PDF). demographia. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  14. "JPMorgan History | The History of Our Firm". Jpmorganchase.com. Retrieved November 6, 2010. 

Ither wabsteid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Chicago frae Wikivoyage