Italy

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Italian Republic
Repubblica italiana (Italian)
Banner Emblem
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani (Italian)
"The Sang o the Italians"
Location o  Italy  (dark green)– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Italy  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Caipital Blason ville it Rome.svg Rome
41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Largest city caipital
Offeecial leids Italiana
Demonym Italian
Government Unitary pairlamentary
constitutional republic
 -  Preses Sergio Mattarella
 -  Prime Meenister Matteo Renzi
Legislatur Pairlament
 -  Upper hoose Senate
 -  Lawer hoose Chamber o Deputies
Formation
 -  Unification 17 March 1861 
 -  Republic 2 June 1946 
 -  Foondit the EEC (nou the European Union) 1 Januar 1958 
Aurie
 -  Total 301,338 km2 (72nt)
116,347 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 2.4
Population
 -  2013 estimate 60,782,668[1] (23rd)
 -  2011 census 59,433,744[2] (23rd)
 -  Densitie 201.7/km2 (63rd)
522.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.066 trillion[3] (12t)
 -  Per capita $34,455[3] (31st)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.13 trillion[3] (8t)
 -  Per capita $35,512[3] (27t)
Gini (2011) 31.9[4]
middlin
HDI (2013) Steady 0.872[5]
very heich · 26t
Currency Euro ()b (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Cawin code 39c
Internet TLD .itd
a. French is co-offeecial in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-offeecial in the province o Trieste an the province o Gorizia; German an Ladin are co-offeecial in Sooth Tyrol.
b. Afore 2002, the Italian Lira. The euro is acceptit in Campione d'Italia, but the offeecial siller thare is the Swiss Franc.[6]
c. Tae caw Campione d'Italia, it is necessary tae uise the Swiss code +41.
d. The .eu domain is an aa uised, as it is shared wi ither European Union member states.

Italy ['i:təlɪ] or offeecially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a kintra in the sooth o Europe. It comprises a buit-shapit, peninsula an twa lairge islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily an Sardinia, an shares it's northren alpine mairch wi Monaco, Fraunce, Swisserland, Austrick an Slovenie. The independent kintras o San Marino an the Vatican Ceety is enclaves inouth the Italian Region.

Italy uised ti be tribelaunds, suin bein ringed by the Latin tribe an foondin the Roman Empire. Efter the faw o Rome, the Italian peninsula brak apairt intae mony fechtin independent kintras. In modern times, Italy comprises o maist o the Italian peninsula, Sicily, an Sardinie.

The Italian Republic is made o 20 regions, five bein autonomous.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "National demographic balance, year 2013". ISTAT. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  2. "Census 2011 - final results". ISTAT. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Italy". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  5. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  6. "Comune di Campione d'Italia". Comune.campione-d-italia.co.it. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.