Banner o Italy

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The Banner o Italy (bandiera d'Italia, aften referred tae in Italian as il Tricolore) is a tricolour featurin three equally sized vertical pales o green, white, an red, wi the green at the hoist side. Its current form haes been in uise syne 19 Juin 1946 an wis formally adoptit on 1 Januar 1948.[1]

The first entity tae uise the Italian tricolour wis the Repubblica Cispadana (Cispadane Republic) in 1797, efter Napoleon's victorious airmy crossed Italy. Durin this time mony sma republics o Jacobin inspiration supplantit the auncient absolute states an amaist aw, wi variants o colour, uised banners characterised bi three baunds o equal size, clearly inspired bi the French model o 1790. The colours chosen bi the Republic wur red an white, the colours o the banner o Milan, an green, which wis the colour o the uniform o the Milanese civic guard.

Some hae attributit particular values tae the colours, an a common interpretation is that the green represents the kintra's plains an the hills; white, the snaw-capped Alps; an red, blood spilt in the Wars o Italian Unthirldom. A mair releegious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, an the red represents charity; this references the three theological virtues.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana Art. 12, 22 dicembre 1947, pubblicata nella Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 298 del 27 dicembre 1947 ed. straord. (published in the Official Gazette [of the Italian Republic] No. 298 of the 27 December 1947 extraordinary ed.) "La bandiera della Repubblica è il tricolore italiano: verde, bianco, e rosso, a tre bande verticali di eguali dimensioni"
  2. Dal discorso di Giosuè Carducci, tenuto il 7 gennaio 1897 a Reggio Emilia per celebrare il 1° centenario della nascita del Tricolore (from the speech by Giosuè Carducci, held on 7 January 1897 in Reggio Emilia to celebrate the 1st centenary of the birth of the Tricolour), Comitato Guglielmo Marconi International (retrieved 5 October 2008)