Banner o Fraunce
The naitional banner o Fraunce (kent in French as drapeau tricolore, drapeau français, an in military parlance, les couleurs) is a tricolour featurin three vertical baunds coloured ryal blue (hoist side), white, an red. It is kent tae Inglis speakers as the French tricolour or simply the tricolour.
The ryal government uised mony banners, the best kent being a blue shield an yellae fleur-de-lis on a white backgrund, or state banner. Early in the French Revolution, the Paris militia, which played a prominent role in the stormin o the Bastille, wore a cockade o blue an red, the ceety's traditional colors. Accordin tae Lafayette, white, the "ancient French colour", wis addit tae militia cockade tae create a tricolor, or naitional, cockade. This cockade became pairt o the uniform o the Naitional Guard, which succeedit the militia an wis commandit bi Lafayette. The colors an design o the cockade are the basis o the Tricolour banner, adoptit in 1790. A modified design bi Jacques-Louis David wis adoptit in 1794. A solid white banner wis uised durin the Bourbon restoration in 1815-1830, but the tricolor haes been uised since.
- Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier Lafayette (marquis de), Memoirs, correspondence and manuscripts of General Lafayette, Vol. 2, p. 252.