Milan

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Milan
Milano
Comune
Comune di Milano
Frae top, clockwise: ((Porta Nuova Business Destrict)), Duomo, San Siro Stadium, Parco Sempione wi the Airch o Peace in the backgrund, Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Moral Caipital o Italy[1]
Milan is located in Italy
Milan
Milan
Location o Milan in Italy
Coordinates: 45°27′51″N 09°11′25″E / 45.46417°N 9.19028°E / 45.46417; 9.19028
Kintra Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Milan (MI)
Settled bi Celts as Mediolanum c. 396 BC
Government
 • Mayor Giuliano Pisapia
(Independent – Centre-left)
Area
 • Total 181.76 km2 (70.18 sq mi)
Elevation 120 m (390 ft)
Population (30 September 2011)[2]
 • Total 1,338,436
 • Density 7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Demonym Milanees/Milanese
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20100, 20121-20162
Diallin code 02
Patron saunt Ambrose
Saunt day 7 December
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Milan (Italian: Milano, Italian pronunciation: [miˈlaːno] ( listen); Wastren Lombard: Milan, Aboot this soond listen ) is a ceety in Italy an the caipital o the region o Lombardy an o the province o Milan. The ceety proper haes a population o aboot 1,315,000, while the urban aurie is the lairgest in Italy an the fift lairgest in the European Union wi a population o 4,345,000 ower an aurie o 2,370 km2 (915 sq mi).[3] The Milan metropolitan aurie, bi far the lairgest in Italy, is estimatit bi the OECD tae hae a population o 7,400,000.[4]

The ceety wis foondit unner the name o Medhlan,[5] by the Insubres, Celtic fowk. It wis later captured bi the Romans in 222 BC, an the ceety became vera successful unner the Roman Empire. Later Milan wis ruled bi the Visconti, the Sforza, the Spainyie in the 16t century an the Austrians in the 18t century. In 1796, Milan wis conquered bi Napoleon I an he made it the caipital o his Kinrick o Italy in 1805.[1][6] Durin the Romantic period, Milan wis a major cultural centre in Europe, attractin several airtists, composers an important literary figures. Later, durin Warld War II, the ceety wis badly affectit bi Allied bombins, an efter German occupation in 1943, Milan became the main hub o the Italian resistance.[1] Despite this, Milan saw a post-war economic growth, attractin thoosans of immigrants frae Soothren Italy an abroad.[1]

An internaitional an cosmopolitan ceety, 15.2% o Milan's population is foreign born.[7] The ceety remains ane o Europe's main transportation[8] an industrial hubs, an Milan is the EU's 10t maist important centre for business an finance (2009)[9] wi its economy (see economy o Milan) being the warld's 26t richest bi purchasin pouer,.[10] The Milan metropolitan aurie haes Europe's 7t GDP in 2008.[11] The province o Milan (which increasinly is becomin a single administrative urban unit tae supersede the limited commune) haed a GDP pp per caipita o aroond €40,000 in 2007 (161% o the EU 27 average) which wis the heichest o ony Italian province [12] (Il Sole 24 Ore Quality of life survey 2008) an the ceety's wirkers hae the heichest average income rates in Italy,[12] an 26t in the warld.[13] In addition, Milan is the warld's 11t maist expensive ceety for expatriate employees,[14] an accordin tae a 2010 study bi the Economist Intelligence Unit, the ceety is the warld's 12t maist expensive tae live in.[15] Its economic environment haes made it, accordin tae several studies, the warld's 20t an Europe's 10t top business an financial centre,[16][17] having been highly successful in terms of city branding.[18]

Milan is recognised as a warld fashion an design caipital, wi a major global influence in commerce, industry, muisic, sport, literature, airt an media, makin it ane o GaWC's major Alpha warld ceeties.[19] The Lombard metropolis is especially famous for its fashion hooses an shops (such as alang Via Monte Napoleone) an the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele in the Piazza Duomo (reputit tae be the warld's auldest shoppin mall). The ceety haes a rich cultural heritage an legacy, a vibrant nichtlife,[20][21] an haes a unique cuisine; it is hame tae numerous famous dishes, such as the Panettone Christmas cake an the risotto alla Milanese. The ceety haes a particularly famous muisical, particularly operatic, tradition, being the hame o several important composers (such as Giuseppe Verdi) an theatres (such as the Teatro alla Scala). Milan is an aa well-kent for containin several important museums, universities, academies, palaces, kirks an libraries (such as the Academy o Brera an the Castello Sforzesco) an twa renowned fitbaa teams: A.C. Milan an F.C. Internazionale Milano. This makes Milan the 52nt Europe's tourist destination, wi ower 1.914 million foreign arrivals tae the ceety in 2008.[22]

Inhabitants o Milan are referred tae as "Milanese" (Italian: Milanesi or informally Meneghini or Ambrosiani). The ceety is nicknamed bi Milan's inhabitants the "moral caipital o Italy".[1]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Milan haes fifteen offeecial sister ceeties as reportit on the ceety's wabsteid.[23] The date column indicates the year in which the relationship was established. São Paulo was Milan's first sister city.

Ceety Kintra Date
São Paulo  Brazil 1961
Chicago  Unitit States 1962
Saunt Petersburg  Roushie 1967
Lyon  Fraunce 1967
Frankfurt  Germany 1969
Birmingham  Unitit Kinrick 1974
Dakar  Senegal 1974
Shanghai  Cheenae 1979
Osaka  Japan 1981
Tel Aviv  Israel 1997
Bethlehem  Palestine 2000
Toronto  Canadae 2003
Krakow  Poland 2003
Melbourne  Australie 2004
Guadalajara  Mexico 2008

Ither forms o cooperation, pairtnership an ceety friendship[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. "Milan (Italy) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  2. Ceety population (i.e. that o the comune or municipality) from [http://demo.istat.it/index_e.html ISTAT.
  3. "Demographia: World Urban Areas" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  4. OECD. "Competitive Cities in the Global Economy" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named InternationalStudent
  6. "Milan Travel Guide". www.worldtravelguide.net. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  7. "Official ISTAT estimates". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  8. "Milan, Italy – Milan Travel Guide". Sacred-destinations.com. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  9. Best European business cities. City Mayors (2009-10-28). Retrieved on 2010-10-09.
  10. "World's richest cities by purchasing power". City Mayors. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  11. List of metropolitan areas in the European Union by GDP - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved on 2010-10-09.
  12. 12.0 12.1 :Provincia Milano. Il Sole 24 ORE. Retrieved on 2010-10-09.
  13. "World's richest cities in 2009". City Mayors. 2009-08-22. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  14. "Cost of living – The world's most expensive cities 2009". City Mayors. 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  15. "The cost of living in cities: Trop cher?". The Economist. 2010-03-10. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  16. "City Mayors: World's best financial cities". Citymayors.com. 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  17. "Best European business cities". City Mayors. 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  18. "European city brands". City Mayors. 2008-08-28. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  19. "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2008". Lboro.ac.uk. 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  20. "Milan Nightlife". Worldtravelguide.net. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  21. "Nightlife in Milan". Aboutmilan.com. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  22. "Euromonitor Internationals Top City Destinations Ranking > Euromonitor archive". Euromonitor.com. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  23. "Città Gemellate". Comune di Milano. Retrieved 15 August 2012.