Campobasso

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Campobasso
Comune
Comune di Campobasso
Campobasso is located in Italy
Campobasso
Campobasso
Location o Campobasso in Italy
Coordinates: 41°34′N 14°40′E / 41.567°N 14.667°E / 41.567; 14.667
Kintra Italy
Region Molise
Province Campobasso (CB)
Frazioni Santo Stefano
Government
 • Mayor Luigi Di Bartolomeo (syne 7 Juin 2009) (The Fowk o Freedom)
Area
 • Total 55 km2 (21 sq mi)
Elevation 701 m (2,300 ft)
Population (November, 2008)
 • Total 51,255
 • Density 930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Demonym Campobassani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 86100
Diallin code 0874
Patron saunt St. George
Saunt day April 23
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Campobasso (IPA: [kampoˈbasso] ( listen); Campobassan dialect Cambuàsce, IPA: [kambuˈwaʃʃə]) is a ceety an comune in soothren Italy, the caipital o the Molise region an o the province o Campobasso. It is locatit in the heich basin o the Biferno river, surroondit bi the Sannio an Matese muntains.

Campobasso is renouned for the craftmanship o blades (includin scissors an knives), a fact well documentit syne the 14t century. It is an aa famous for the production o pears an scamorza (cheese). The ceety is the hame o the University o Molise an o the Airchdiocese o Campobasso-Boiano.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Situatit 701 metres (2,300 ft) abuin sea level an close tae the Apennine Muntains, Campobasso is considered ane o the cauldest ceeties o soothren Italy. It haes an average temperature o aboot 12 °C (54 °F), wi winter tae simmer rangin 2–22 °C (36–72 °F) on average. Durin the winter, snawfaws are frequent. The wettest time o year is the autumn wi aboot 81 millimetres (3.2 in) o rain each November.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bell touer o the S. Bartolomeo Church in the Medieval center o Campobasso.

The oreegins o Campobasso are disputit. Accordin tae the maist widely held theory, the ceety wis foondit bi the Lombards afore the 8t century as a fortifee'd camp on the slope o the hill where the castle staunds. The oreeginal name wis Campus vassorum, suggestin that the ceety wis the seat o the vassals o the Duke o Spoleto.

Efter the Norman conquest o Soothren Italy, Campobasso lost its importance as a defensive stranghauld, but became a significant tradin an admeenistration centre.

Frae 1330 tae 1745 the ceety wis ruled bi the Monforte-Gambatesa family, who built the castle an established a mint. Later it came unner the control o the Di Capua, Gonzaga, Vitagliano, Carafa an Romano families.

In 1763 the citizens abandoned the auld ceety an settled in the lawer valley. The current ceety wis expandit in 1814 bi the Keeng o Naples Joachim Murat, an lies on the Campo Basso ("Low field").

Campobasso wis the scene o hivy fechtin durin the Seicont Warld War. In the months o October an November 1943 a battle atween the German an the Canadian troops for possession o the ceety caused the destruction o mony public biggins, includin the Ceety Haw an the airchives held there. Thirty aicht ceevilians wur killed in the action, includin the bishop o the diocese, Bishop Secondo Bologna, an an unkent number o fowk wur injured in the intensive bombardment. The occupation bi the Canadian troops, an the admeenistrative an poleetical control resultin, haed such an impact on the toun that it became kent as “Canadae Toun” or “Maple Leaf Ceety”.

In 1995 the ceety wis awardit the Bronze Medal for Ceevil Valour in recognition o the haurd wirk done in clearin the region o dangerous unexplodit warheids, a task that lastit well intae 1948.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main attraction o Campobasso is the Castello Monforte, built in 1450 bi the local ruler Nicola II Monforte, ower Lombard or Norman ruins. The castle haes Guelph merlons an staunds on a commandin point, whaur traces o auncient settlements (includin Samnite waws) hae been foond. The current construction is the result o later rebiggins efter the earthquakes o 1456 an 1805.

Next tae the castle is the Chiesa della Madonna del Monte (Santa Maria Maggiore), erectit in the 11t century an rebuilt in 1525. It hooses a precious wooden statue o the Incoronata frae 1334. Belaw the castle, the kirk o St. George is probably the auldest in Campobasso, built aroond the year 1000 AD ower the ruins o a Pagan temple.

The Cathedral, or Chiesa della Santissima Trinità (Kirk o the Holy Trinity), wis built in 1504 ootside the ceety waws. It wis destroyed bi an earthquake in 1805 an a new Neoclassical edifice wis built in 1829.

The kirk o San Bartolomeo is a Romanesque biggin frae the 11t century, in limestane. The interior haes a nave an twa aisles.

San Leonardo (14t century) haes a façade mixin Gothic an Romanesque elements, an a side mullioned windae wi vegetable decorations influenced bi the Apulian airchitectur o the period.

Villa de Capoa, recently restored, is a noteworthy garden wi statues an a wide variety o plant species, includin sequoias, Norawa Spruces, cypresses an Lebanon Cedars.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Railways[eedit | eedit soorce]

Campobasso railway station, which is managed bi Centostazioni, is located in the center o the ceety at the junction o twa lines: that frae Termoli tae Vairano an the branch frae Benevento. Aw trains stop at Campobasso, givin guid connections tae Rome, Naples, an Pescara. In the future there will be some modification o the railwey seestem includin:

  • The construction o a railroad that will connect Lucera an Campobasso, as the oreeginal project of the actual railway from Foggia to Lucera stated;
  • The construction o a licht railway atween the stations o Boiano an Campolieto, passing throw Campobasso wi five new urban stations.

Roads an heich-gates[eedit | eedit soorce]

Road traffic is regulatit bi the State Roa Sannitica, bi the State Road SS645 Del Tappino an bi the State Road 647 Fondo Valle del Biferno.

Recently the Molise region an the Anas hae been unifee'd intae the Autostrade del Molise S.p.A. tae complete the Termoli - San Vittore Heich-gate which will connect the ceety tae San Vittore del Lazio, reducin travel times frae an tae Rome.

Public transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The urban public transport consists o 23 lines o autobus managed bi the SEAC company.

Twin towns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Campobasso is twinned wi:

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Campobasso at Wikimedie Commons


Template:Province o Campobasso