Aosta

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Aosta
Aoste
Comune
Città di Aosta
Ville d'Aoste
Aerial view of Aosta

Coat of arms
Aosta is located in Italy
Aosta
Aosta
Location o Aosta in Italy
Coordinates: 45°44′N 7°19′E / 45.733°N 7.317°E / 45.733; 7.317
Kintra Italy
Region Valle d'Aosta
Province nane
Frazioni Arpuilles, Cache, Champailler, Entrebin, Excenex, Laravoire, Porossan, Seyssinod, Signayes, Vignole, Cossan
Government
 • Mayor Bruno Giordano
Area
 • Total 21.37 km2 (8.25 sq mi)
Elevation 583 m (1,913 ft)
Population (21 December 2009)
 • Total 35,061
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Demonym Italian: aostani
French: Aostois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11100
Diallin code 0165
Patron saunt St Gratus
Saunt day 7 September
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Aosta Aboot this soond listen  (French: Aoste, Arpitan: Aoûta) is the principal ceety o the bilingual Valle d'Aosta in the Italian Alps, 110 km (68 mi) north-northwast o Turin. It is situatit near the Italian entrance o the Mont Blanc Tunnel, at the confluence o the Buthier an the Dora Baltea, an at the junction o the Great and Little St. Bernard routes. Aosta is no the caipital o the province, as these functions are shared bi the region an the communes.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Airches o the Roman Theatre.

Aosta wis settled in proto-historic times an later became a centre o the Salassi, mony o whom wur killed or sauld intae slavery bi the Romans in 25 BC.[1] The campaign wis led bi Marcus Terentius Varro, who then foondit the Roman colony o Augusta Praetoria Salassorum, hoosin 3,000 retired veterans. Efter 11 BC Aosta became the caipital o the Alpes Graies ("Grey Alps") province o the Empire. Its position at the confluence o twa rivers, at the end o the Great an the Little St Bernard Pass, gave it considerable military importance, an its layoot wis that o a Roman military camp.

Efter the faw o the Wastren Empire, the ceety wis conquered, in turn, bi the Burgundians, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantines. The Lombards, who haed annexed it tae their Italian kinrick, wur expelled bi the Frankish Empire unner Pepin the Short. Unner his son, Charlemagne, Aosta acquired importance as a post on the Via Francigena, leadin frae Aachen tae Italy. Efter 888 AD it wis pairt o the renewed Kinrick o Italy unner Arduin o Ivrea an Berengar o Friuli.

In the 10t century Aosta became pairt o the Kinrick o Burgundy. Efter the faw o the latter in 1032, it became pairt o the lands o Coont Humbert I o the Hoose o Savoy. Efter the creation o the coonty o Savoy, wi its caipital in Chambéry, Aosta led the unification o Italy.

Unner the Hoose o Savoy, Aosta wis grantit a special status that it maintained when the new Italian Republic wis proclaimit in 1948.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aosta railway station, opened in 1886, forms pairt o the Chivasso–Aosta railwey, an is an aw a junction station for a branch line tae nearbi Pré-Saint-Didier, in the Valdigne, on the wey towards Courmayeur.

Aosta Airport is a short distance tae the east o the ceety.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aosta is twinned wi:[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. John Lemprière, Lorenzo DaPonte, & John David Ogilby (1839), Bibliotheca Classica: Or, A Dictionary of All the Principal Names and Terms, (Tenth American Edition), New York: W.E. Dean. Salassi, p. 281
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Annuaire-Mairie.fr. "Ville d'Aoste" (in French). Retrieved 2013-06-18. 

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Carlo Promis, Le antichità di Aosta, (Turin, 1862);
  • Édouard Bérard, Atti della Società di Archeologia di Torino, iii. 119 seq.; Notizie degli Scavi, passim;
  • Alfredo d'Andrade, Relazione dell' Ufficio Regionale per la conservazione dei Monumenti del Piemonte e della Liguria (Turin, 1899), 46 seq.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]