Belgrade

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Belgrade
Београд
Beograd
Ceety
Pobednik monument in Kalemegdan, owerleukin the skyline o Novi Beograd

Flag

Coat of arms
Location athin Europe an Serbie
Coordinates: 44°49′14″N 20°27′44″E / 44.82056°N 20.46222°E / 44.82056; 20.46222
Kintra Banner o Serbie Serbie
Destrict Ceety o Belgrade
Municipalities 17
Establishment before 279 BC (Singidunum)[2]
Government
 • Mayor Dragan Đilas (DS)
 • Rulin pairties DS/G17+/SPS-PUPS/LDP
Area[3]
 • Ceety 359.96 km2 (138.98 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,222.68 km2 (1,244.28 sq mi)
Elevation[5] 117 m (384 ft)
Population (2011)[6]
 • Ceety Increase 1,233,796[1]
 • Density 3,207.5/km2 (8,307/sq mi)
 • Metro Increase 1,659,440 [4]
 • Metro density 508.6/km2 (1,317/sq mi)
Demonym Belgrader
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11000
Area code(s) (+381) 11
Caur plates BG
Website www.beograd.rs

Belgrade (Serbie: Београд, Beograd [bɛˈɔɡrad] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Serbie. The ceety lies at the confluence o the Sava an Danube rivers, whaur the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans.[7] Belgrade haes a population o 1,756,534 (2007),[8] Its name in Serbian translates tae White ceety.

Belgrade's wider ceety aurie wis the birthplace o the lairgest prehistoric cultur o Europe, the Vinča cultur, as early as the 6t millennium BC.[9][10] In antiquity, the aurie o Belgrade wis inhabitit bi the Thraco-Dacian[11] tribe o Singi who woud give the name tae the ceety efter a fortress wis foondit in the 3rd century BC bi the Celts, who named it Singidun (dun, fortress)[9] It wis awardit ceety richts bi the Romans[12] afore it wis permanently settled bi Serbs frae the 7t century onwards. As a strategic location, the ceety wis battled ower in 115 wars an razed tae the grund 44 times[13] since the ancient period bi coontless airmies o the East an Wast. In medieval times, it wis in the possession o Byzantine, Frankish, Bulgarian, Hungarian an Serbian rulers. In 1521 Belgrade wis conquered bi the Ottomans an became the seat o the Pashaluk o Belgrade, as the principal ceety o Ottoman Europe[14] an amang the lairgest European ceeties.[15] Frequently passin frae Ottoman tae Austrian rule which saw destruction o maist o the ceety, the status o Serbian caipital woud be regained ae in 1841, efter the Serbian revolution. Northren Belgrade, though, remained a Habsburg ootpost till the breakup o Austrick-Hungary in 1918. The unitit ceety then became the caipital o several incarnations o Yugoslavie, up tae 2006, when Serbie became an independent state again.

Belgrade haes the status o a separate territorial unit in Serbie, wi its awn autonomous ceety government.[16] Its territory is dividit intae 17 municipalities, each haein its awn local cooncil.[17] It covers 3.6% o Serbie's territory, an 24% o the kintra's population lives in the ceety.[18] Belgrade is the central economic hub o Serbie, an the caipital o Serbian education an science.

Internaitional cooperation an honours[eedit | eedit soorce]

These are the offeecial sister ceeties o Belgrade:[19][20][21][22][23]

Kintra Ceety Year
Greece Corfu 2010
Unitit Kinrick Coventry 1957
Unitit States Chicago 2005
Pakistan Lahore 2007
Slovenie Ljubljana 2010
Israel Tel Aviv 1990
Austrick Vienna 2003

Some o the ceety's municipalities are an aa twinned tae sma ceeties or destricts o ither big ceeties, for details see their respective airticles.

Ither similar forms o cooperation an ceety friendship:

Kintra Ceety Date Form
Greece Athens 1966 Agreement on Friendship an Cooperation
Bosnie an Herzegovinae Banja Luka 2005 Agreement on Cooperation
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Beijing 1980 Agreement on Cooperation[24]
Germany Berlin 1978 Agreement on Cooperation an Friendship
Germany Düsseldorf 2004 Agreement on Cooperation
Ukraine Kiev 2002 Agreement on Cooperation
Spain Madrid 2001 Agreement on Cooperation
Italy Milan 2000 Memorandum o Agreement, Ceety tae Ceety Programme
Roushie Moscow 2002 Programme o Cooperation
Italy Rome 1971 Agreement on Friendship an Cooperation
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Shenzhen 2009 Agreement on Cooperation[25]
Republic o Macedonie Skopje Juin, 2006 Agreement on Cooperation[26]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://pod2.stat.gov.rs/ObjavljenePublikacije/Popis2011/Starost%20i%20pol-Age%20and%20sex.pdf
  2. "Ancient Period". City of Belgrade. 5 October 2000. Retrieved 16 November 2010. 
  3. "Territory". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 6 May 2009. 
  4. [1]
  5. "Geographical position". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 10 July 2007. 
  6. PRVI REZULTATI, Konferencija za novinare (in Serbian), Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, 2011-11-15, p. 11 
  7. "City of Belgrade - Why invest in Belgrade?". Beograd.rs. Retrieved 2010-10-11. 
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named zis
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Discover Belgrade". Official Website. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  10. Tasic N, Srejovic D, Stojanovic B (1990). Vinca, Centre of the Neolithic culture of the Danubian region. Project Rastko - E-library of Serb Culture. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  11. [2][deid airtin]
  12. Rich, John (1992). The City in Late Antiquity. CRC Press. p. 113. ISBN 9780203130162. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  13. Robert Nurden (2009-03-22). "Belgrade haes risen frae the ashes tae become the Balkans' pairty ceety". London: Independent. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  14. "The History of Belgrade". BelgradeNet Travel Guide. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  15. "Turkish and Austrian Rule". Official website. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  16. "Assembly of the City of Belgrade". Official website. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  17. "Urban Municipalities". Official website. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  18. "2005 Municipal indicators of Republic of Serbia". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
  19. "International Cooperation". Official website. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  20. "Beograd: Međunarodni odnosi". Stalna konferencija gradova i opština Srbije. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-18. 
  21. "Council okays peace committees: Lahore and Chicago to be declared twin cities.". The Post. 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2007-05-16. 
  22. "Bratimljenje Beograda i Krfa". B92. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  23. Gradonačelnici Beograda i Ljubljane potpisali sporazum o bratimljenju dva glavna grada
  24. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  25. "Saradnja Beograda i Šendžena". B92. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  26. "City of Belgrade - International Cooperation". Beograd.rs. Retrieved 2010-01-25.