The Ottoman Empire, kent offeecially as Sublime Ottoman State (Ottoman Turkis: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye, Modren Turkis: Yüce Osmanlı Devleti or Osmanlı İmparatorluğu) wis an empire that lasted frae 1299 tae 1923.
At the height o its pouer, in the sixteent an seiventeent centuries, the empire spanned three continents, controlling much o Sootheastren Europe, Wastren Asie an North Africae The Ottoman Empire contained 29 provinces an numerous vassal states, some o which wur later absorbed intae the empire, while ithers wur grantit various types o autonomy during the course o centuries. The empire also temporarily gained authority owr distant owerseas lands through declarations o allegiance tae the Ottoman Sultan an Caliph, such as the declaration bi the Sultan o Aceh in 1565; or through the temporary acquisitions o islands in the Atlantic Ocean, such as Lanzarote in 1585.
The empire wis at the center o interactions between the Eastern an Wastren warlds for sax centuries. Wi Constantinople as its caipital ceety, an vast control o lands aroond the eastren Mediterranean during the reign o Suleiman the Magnificent (ruled 1520 tae 1566), the Ottoman Empire wis, in mony respects, an Islamic successor tae the Eastren Roman (Byzantine) Empire.
The Ottoman Empire came tae an end, as a regime unner an imperial monarchy, on November 1, 1922 wi the last sultan, Mehmed VI deportit frae Constantinople on November 17. It formally endit, as a de jure state, on Julie 24, 1923, unner the Treaty o Lausanne. Wi the Treaty of Lausanne (signed on Julie 24, 1923) the new Turkis State (still nae a Republic, which wis proclaimed later on October 29, 1923) heidquartered in Ankara wis internaitionally recognized as the successor tae the Sublime Ottoman State. It wis succeedit bi the Republic o Turkey which wis offeecially proclaimed on October 29, 1923.
The empire wis also kent in Inglis as the Osmanic Empire, the Osmanian Empire or the Ottoman State. Mony contemporaries referred tae it as the Turkis Empire or simply Turkey (see the ither names o the Ottoman State).
- Dündar, Orhan; Dündar, Erhan, 1.Dünya Savaşı, Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı Yayınları, 1999, ISBN 975-11-1643-0