Byzantine Empire

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Byzantine Empire
Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, Ῥωμανία
Basileia Rhōmaiōn, Rhōmanía
Imperium Romanum, Romania
"Roman Empire"
Empire
Dio coin3.jpg
c. 330 – 1204
1261 – 1453

Solidus wi the image o Justinian the Great
(527-565) (see Byzantine insignia)

The Empire at its greatest extent in 555 AD unner
Justinian the Great
Caipital Constantinople
Leid(s)
  • Laitin (offeecial till 620)
  • Greek (offeecial efter 620)
Releegion Roman paganism till 380.
Christianity (toleratit efter the Edict o Milan in 313; state releegion efter 380); Orthodox Christianity efter 1054.
Government Absolutist autocracy
Emperor
 − 330–337 Constantine I
 − 1449–1453 Constantine XI
Historical era Late AntiquityLate Middle Ages
 - Pairteetion o the Roman Empire 285
 - Foonding o Constantinople 330
 - Daith o Theodosius I 395
 - Nominal end o Wastren Empire 476
 - Fowert Crusade 1204
 - Reconquest o Constantinople 1261
 - Faw o Constantinople 29 Mey 1453
 - Faw o Trebizond 15 August 1461
Population
 − 565 AD est. 26,000,000a 
 − 780 AD est. 7,000,000 
 − 1025 AD est. 12,000,000 
 − 1143 AD est. 10,000,000 
 − 1282 AD est. 5,000,000 
Siller Solidus, Hyperpyron

The Byzantine Empire wis the predominantly Greek-speakin continuation o the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity an the Middle Ages. Its caipital ceety wis Constantinople (modren-day Istanbul), oreeginally kent as Byzantium. Initially the eastren hauf o the Roman Empire (eften cried the Eastren Roman Empire in this context), it survived the 5t century fragmentation an collapse o the Wastren Roman Empire an continued tae exist for an addeetional thoosand years till it fell tae the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During maist o its existence, the empire wis the maist pouerful economic, cultural, an militar force in Europe. Baith "Byzantine Empire" an "Eastren Roman Empire" are historiographical terms applied in later centuries; its ceetizens continued tae refer tae thair empire as the Roman Empire (Auncient Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia Rhōmaiōn; Laitin: Imperium Romanum),[1] an Romanie (Ῥωμανία).[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kazhdan & Epstein 1985, p. 1.
  2. Millar 2006, pp. 2, 15; James 2010, p. 5; Freeman 1999, pp. 431, 435–437, 459-462; Baynes & Moss 1948, p. xx; Ostrogorsky 1969, p. 27; Kaldellis 2007, pp. 2–3; Kazhdan & Constable 1982, p. 12; Norwich 1998, p. 383.