North Africae

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  Northern Africa (UN subregion)
  geographic, including above

North Africae or Northren Africae is the northmaist region o the African continent, linkit bi the Sahara tae Sub-Saharan Africae. Geopolitically, the Unitit Naitions definition o Northren Africae includes aicht kintras or territories; Algerie, Egyp, Libie, Morocco, Sooth Sudan, Sudan, Tunisie, an Wastren Sahara.[1] Algerie, Morocco, Tunisie, Mauritanie, an Libie together are an aw referred tae as the Maghreb or Maghrib, while Egyp is a transcontinental kintra bi virtue of the Sinai Peninsulae, which is in Asie. The ither notable pairt o North Africae is the territory o the Wastren Sudan. Three sma Spainyie plazas de soberanía – tiny islets wi military bases aff the coast o Morocco wi nae ceevilian population – are in the aurie, an the Spainyie Canary Islands an Portuguese Madeira Islands, in the North Atlantic Ocean northwast o the African mainland, are sometimes includit in considerations o the region.

Mony scholars hae emphasized a destinction atween Northren Africae an the rest o Africae as historically an ecologically significant acause it haes been assertit the the Sahara desert haes made it so that contact wi Sub-Saharan Africae wis limitit an that the culturs o North Africae became hintle mair closely teed tae Soothwastren Asie an Europe. Indeed, the modren Islamic influence in the aurie is significant, an North Africae, alang wi the Middle East, is a major pairt o the Arab Warld. Recent wirk in the field o Saharan studies an airchaeology housomeivver, are beginnin tae question this paradigm, pairticularly wi respect tae historicizin the region.

Some researchers hae postulatit that North Africae, an no East or Sooth Africae, wis the oreeginal hame o the modren humans who first trekkit oot o the continent.[2][3][4]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Accordin tae UN kintra classification here: http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm. The disputed territory of Wastren Sahara (umwhile Spainyie Sahara) is maistly admeenistered bi Morocco; the Polisario Front claims the territory in militatin for the establishment o an independent republic, an exercises limited control ower rump border territories.
  2. Was North Africa the Launch Pad for Modern Human Migrations? Michael Balter, science 7 January 2011: 331 (6013), 20-23. [DOI:10.1126/science.331.6013.20]
  3. A Revised Root for the Human Y Chromosomal Phylogenetic Tree: The Origin of Patrilineal Diversity in Africa. Fulvio Cruciani, Beniamino Trombetta, Andrea Massaia, Giovanni Destro-Bisol, Daniele Sellitto, Rosaria Scozzari, The American Journal of Human Genetics - 19 May 2011
  4. Earliest evidence of modern human life history in North African early Homo sapiens, Tanya M. Smith, Paul Tafforeau, Donald J. Reid, Rainer Grün, Stephen Eggins, Mohamed Boutakiout, Jean-Jacques Hublin, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0700747104 PNAS April 10, 2007 vol. 104 no. 15 6128-6133

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