Tunisie

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Tunisian Republic
الجمهورية التونسية
al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya
République Tunisienne
Banner o Tunisie
Coat o airms o Tunisie
Banner Coat o airms
Naitional motto: حرية، نظام، عدالة (Hurriya, Nidham, 'Adala)
"Liberty, Order, Juistice"
Locaition o Tunisie
Location o Tunisie
Offeecial leid Arabic
Caipital Tunis
Lairgest ceety caipital
Govrenment

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Republic

Preses Moncef Marzouki


Mehdi Jomaa

Area 163,610 km²
Population 10,432,500
Foondin Frae Fraunce
Mairch 20, 1956
Siller Tunisian dinar (TND)
Time zone CET+1
Naitional anthem Humat Al Hima
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .tn
Cawin code 216

Tunisie, offeecially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎ al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya), is the northrenmaist kintra in Africae. It is an Arab kintra an is bordered bi Algerie tae the wast, Libie tae the sootheast, an the Mediterranean Sea tae the north an east. Its aurie is amaist 165,000 km², wi an estimatit population o juist ower 10.3 million. Its name is derived frae the caipital Tunis locatit in the north-east.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: [[Etymology o Tunis]]

The word Tunisie is derived frae Tunis; a ceety an caipital o modren-day Tunisie. The present form o the name, wi its Latinate suffix -ia, evolved frae French Tunisie. This name wis introduced bi French geographers an historians as pairt o their efforts tae give names tae their new occupied territories an protectorates. The French derivative Tunisie wis adoptit in some European leids wi slicht modifications, introducin a distinctive name tae designate the kintra. Ither leids remained untouched, such as the Spainyie Túnez. In this case, the same name is uised for baith kintra an ceety as in Arabic: تونس an ae bi context can ane tell the difference.[1]

The name Tunis can be attributit tae different oreegins. It can be associatit wi the Phoenician goddess Tanith (aka Tunit), auncient ceety o Tynes or tae the Berber ruit ens which means "tae lie doun".

Govrenorates an ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenorates[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenorates o Tunisie
Main airticle: Govrenorates o Tunisie

Tunisia is subdividit intae 24 govrenorates, they are:

  1. Ariana
  2. Béja
  3. Ben Arous
  4. Bizerte
  5. Gabès
  6. Gafsa
  7. Jendouba
  8. Kairouan
  9. Kasserine
  10. Kebili
  11. Kef
  12. Mahdia
  1. Manouba
  2. Medenine
  3. Monastir
  4. Nabeul
  5. Sfax
  6. Sidi Bou Zid
  7. Siliana
  8. Sousse
  9. Tataouine
  10. Tozeur
  11. Tunis
  12. Zaghouan

The govrenorates are dividit intae 264 "delegations" or "destricts" (mutamadiyat), an further subdividit intae municipalities (shaykhats)[2] an sectors (imadats).[3]

Major ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

:See an aa:Leet o ceeties in Tunisie

Nr. Ceety Population Governatorate
1
Tunis
983,861 [4]
Tunis
2
Sfax
855,256 [5]
Sfax
3
Kairouan
546,209 [6]
Kairouan
4
Sousse
544,413 [7]
Sousse
5
Ettadhamen [8]
422,246 [9]
Ariana
6
Gabès
342,630
Gabès
7
Bizerte
114,371
Bizerte
8
Aryanah [8]
97,687
Ariana
9
Gafsa
84,676
Gafsa
10
El Mourouj [8]
81,986
Ben Arous

Affiliations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tunisie is a member o the follaein organizations:

Organization Dates
Unitit Naitions syne 12 November 1956
Arab League syne 1958
Organization o the Islamic Conference syne 1969
Warld Trade Organization syne 29 Mairch 1995
Mediterranean Dialogue group syne Februar 1995

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named adrian
  2. "Tunisia Governorates". Statoids.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  3. Portail de l'industrie Tunisienne, in French
  4. 3,980,500 in the metropolitan aurie
  5. "Mongabay.com, population of Sfax". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  6. "Mongabay.com, population of Kairouan". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  7. "Mongabay.com, population of Sousse". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Part of Tunis metropolitan area
  9. "FITA, population of At Tadaman". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Tunisie frae Wikivoyage