Owerview[edit | edit source]
The ceety has an estimatit population o 90,000. it is the ninth lairgest ceety in Tunisie. The governorate has 340,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) an an aurie o 8,990km². Its geografical coordinates are.
Historie[edit | edit source]
Historical steids findins in Gafsa suggest a thrivin ceevilization datin back tae more than 15,000 years.
Gafsa name comes from its Roman Mesolithic historic name Capsa. Capsa was foondit bi the Romans in the second century B.C. The Roman pools, still used today, in Gafsa are a testament tae its old historie.
Oqba Ibn Nafi conquered Gafsa in 688, however he faced resistance from the Berbers. Gafsa was converted to the Muslim an arabic cultur completely bi the Bani Hilal in 1050. Its inhabitants today are lairgely from the Hmamma tribes descedents o the Bani Hilal.
In the second warld war, Gafsa suffered hivy bombardment from the German army an part o its Ksbah was destroyed.
Phosphate mines were discovered as early as 1886, an Gafsa today is home tae ane o the lairgest mines o phosphate in the warld.
Gafsa has been a region wi an active poleetical voice aw along its historie, an various events have shaped its poleetical contreibutions the kintra across the various phases o modern Tunisia.
On Januar 27, 1980 a group o dissidents armed an trained bi Libie occupied the ceety tae contest the regime o Habib Bourguiba at the time. 48 people were killed in the battles.
In Januar 2008 Gafsa wis the epicentre o a popular spontaneous uprisin against the regime o president Ben Ali. While the government wis swift and brutal in attemptin tae suppress the uprisin, this movement is today credited for bein the first seeds o the revolution that enabled the Tunisians to remove Ben Ali from power an ignited the Arab spring in the rest o North Africa an the Middle East an beyond.
Sports[edit | edit source]
El Kawafel Sportives de Gafsa (Arabic: القوافل الرياضية بقفصة (EGSG) is the main fitbaa club o Gafsa.