Ghana

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Republic of Ghana
Republic o Ghana
Banner Coat o airms
(Banner) (Coat o airms)
Motto: Freedom and Justice
Ghana
Offeecial leid Inglis
Caipital
(an lairgest ceety)
Accra
Guvrenment 
 - Preses
 - Vice Preses
Presidential republic
John Atta Mills
John Dramani Mahama 
Area
 - Tot
 - % watter

238,535 km²
3.5%
Population
 - 2010
 - Density
 
24,233,431
101.5/km²
Foondin
 -
6 Mairch 1957
Siller Ghanaian cedi
Time zone UTC +0
Naitional anthem God Bless Our Homeland Ghana
Internet TLD .gh
Cawin code +233

Ghana (/[unsupported input]ˈɡɑːnə/), offeecially the Republic o Ghana, is a kintra locatit in Wast Africae. It is bordered bi Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) tae the wast, Burkina Faso tae the north, Togo tae the east, an the Gulf o Guinea tae the sooth. The wird Ghana means "Warrior Keeng"[1] an is derived frae the auncient Ghana Empire.

Ghana wis inhabitit in pre-colonial times bi a number o auncient predominantly Akan kinricks, includin the Akwamu on the eastren coast, the inland Ashanti Empire an various Fante an non-Akan states, like the Ga an Ewe, alang the coast an inland. The Mande-Gur speakin groups in the north o the kintra established several Islamized states, in particular those o Dagbon an Gonja, an wur the middle-men in trade atween ither lairger sahelian Muslim states (such as Mali an Songhai) an the early Akan kinricks, especially in the gowd, slave an salt trade. Trade wi European states flourished efter contact wi the Portuguese in the 15t century, an the Breetish established the Gold Coast Crown colony in 1874.[2]

The Gold Coast achieved unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick in 1957, becomin the first Sub-Saharan African naition tae dae so,[3][4][5] an the name Ghana wis chosen for the new naition tae reflect the auncient Empire o Ghana, which ance extendit throughoot muckle o wast Africae. Ghana is a member o the Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone, the Commonweel o Naitions, the Economic Community o Wast African States, the African Union, an an associate member o La Francophonie. Ghana is the seicont lairgest producer o cocoa in the warld an is hame tae Lake Volta, the lairgest artificial lake in the warld bi surface aurie.[6]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map of Ghana

The wird Ghana means Warrior Keeng an wis the title accorded to the kings of the medieval West African Ghana Empire.[7] Geographically, the Ghana Empire wis approximately 500 miles (800 km) north an wast o modren Ghana, an it ruled territories in the aurie o the Sénégal River an east towards the Niger River, in modren Senegal, Mauritanie an Mali.

Ghana wis adoptit as the legal name for the Gold Coast combined wi Breetish Togoland upon gainin autonomy on Mairch 6, 1957. It wis no till Julie 1, 1960, housomeivver, that Ghana assertit its complete unthirldom frae Breetain an became kent as the Republic o Ghana.

Referencs[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilizations, 2001. Page 201.
  2. MacLean, Iain. Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair, 2001. Page 76.
  3. Peter N. Stearns and William Leonard Langer. The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged, 2001. Pages 813, 1050.
  4. Ghana - MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. , encarta.msn.com
  5. "NEWS.BBC.co.uk". NEWS.BBC.co.uk. 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  6. "Geography.about.com". Geography.about.com. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  7. Ghana - MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. , Encarta.msn.com