Nigerie

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Motto: "Unity an Faith, Peace an Progress"
Anthem: Arise, O Compatriots
Location o  Nigerie  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Nigerie  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Caipital Abuja
9°4′N 7°29′E / 9.067°N 7.483°E / 9.067; 7.483
Largest city Lagos
Offeecial leids Inglis
Major leids
Ither leids[1]
Ethnic groups (2013[2])
Demonym Nigerian
Government Federal presidential republic
 -  Preses Goodluck Jonathan
 -  Vice-Preses Namadi Sambo
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
 -  Upper hoose Senate
 -  Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
 -  Unification o Soothren an Northren Nigerie 1914 
 -  Declared an recognised 1 October 1960 
 -  Republic declared 1 October 1963 
Aurie
 -  Total 923,768 km2 (32nd)
356,667 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 1.4
Population
 -  2013 estimate 174,507,539[6] (7t)
 -  2006 census 140,431,790
 -  Densitie 188.9/km2 (71st)
489.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $478.526 billion[7] (30t)
 -  Per capita $2,827[7]
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $292.028 billion[7] (38t)
 -  Per capita $1,725[7]
Gini (2010) 48.8[8]
heich
HDI (2012) Increase 0.471[9]
law · 153rd
Currency Naira (₦) (NGN)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) nae observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +234
Internet TLD .ng

Nigerie Listeni/nˈɪəriə/, offeecially the Federal Republic o Nigerie, is a federal constitutional republic comprisin thirty-sax states an its Federal Caipital Territory, Abuja. The kintra is locatit in Wast Africae an shares land borders wi the Republic o Benin in the wast, Chad an Cameroon in the east, an Niger in the north. Its coast in the sooth lies on the Gulf o Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The three lairgest an maist influential ethnic groups in Nigerie are the Hausa, Igbo an Yoruba. In terms o releegion Nigerie is roughly split hauf an hauf atween Muslims an Christians wi a vera sma minority wha practise traditional releegion.

The fowk o Nigerie hae an extensive history. Archaeological evidence shows that human habitation o the aurie dates back tae at least 9000 BC.[10] The aurie aroond the Benue an Cross River is thought tae be the oreeginal hameland o the Bantu migrants who spread athort maist o central an soothren Africae in waves atween the 1st millennium BC an the 2nt millennium.

The name Nigerie wis taken frae the Niger River runnin through the kintra. This name wis coined bi Flora Shaw, the future wife o Baron Lugard, a Breetish colonial admeenistrator, in the late 19t century.

Nigeria is the maist populous kintra in Africae, the seivent maist populous kintra in the warld, an the maist populous kintra in the warld in which the majority o the population is black. It is leetit amang the "Next Eleiven" economies, an is a member of the Commonweel o Naitions. The economy o Nigerie is ane o the fastest growin in the warld, wi the International Monetary Fund projectin a growth o 9% in 2008 an 8.3% in 2009.[11][12][13][14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Languages of Nigeria". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.cms.int/publications/TechSeries/turtles_06/page_217-223_nigeria.pdf
  3. Ethnic groups - Nigeria - area
  4. A Glance at Africa - Njoki N. Wane - Google Books
  5. |Nigeria|History|Country|Government|Politics|Map of Nigeria|Travel|
  6. "Nigeria". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (United States). 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Nigeria". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  9. "International Human Development Indicators". UNDP. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  10. McIntosh, Susan Keech, Current directions in west African prehistory. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc., 1981. 215–258 p.: ill.
  11. "IMF Survey: Nigeria Needs Sustained Reforms to Build on Success". Imf.org. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  12. Aminu, Ayodele. "allAfrica.com: Africa: IMF Forecasts 9 Percent Growth for Nigeria (Page 1 of 1)". Allafrica.com. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  13. Godwin, Atser. "The Punch: IMF predicts 9% GDP growth rate for Nigeria". Punchng.com. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  14. ": Welcome to Independent Newspapers Limited - A voice of your own". Independentngonline.com. Retrieved 2008-11-21. [deid airtin]