Niger

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Republic o Niger
République du Niger (French)

Jamhuriyar Nijar Template:Ha icon
Banner o Niger
Coat o airms o Niger
Banner Coat o airms
Naitional motto: "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Fraternity, Wirk, Progress"
LocationNiger.svg
Offeecial leid French
Caipital Niamey
Lairgest ceety caipital
Govrenment

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Military junta

Preses Salou Djibo


Mahamadou Danda

Area 1,267,000 km2
489,678 sq mi
Population 15,306,252
Foondin Frae Belgium
3 August 1960
Siller Wast African CGA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC+1 tae +1
Naitional anthem Debout Congolais
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .ne
Cawin code 227

Niger (pronounced /ˈnaɪdʒər/ ( listen) or /niːˈʒɛər/; French pronunciation: [niʒɛʁ]), offeecially named the Republic o Niger, is a landlocked kintra in Wastren Africae, named efter the Niger River. It borders Nigerie an Benin tae the sooth, Burkina Faso an Mali tae the wast, Algerie an Libie tae the north an Chad tae the east. Niger covers a land aurie o amaist 1,270,000 km2, ower 80 percent o which is covered bi the Sahara desert. The kintra's predominantly Islamic population o juist above 15,000,000 is maistly clustered in the far sooth an wast o the naition. The caipital ceety is Niamey.

Niger is a developin kintra. It haes the lawest Human Development Index (HDI) on Earth. Muckle o the non-desert portions o the kintra are threatened bi periodic drought an desertification. The economy is concentratit aroond subsistence an some export agricultur clustered in the mair fertile sooth, an the export o raw materials—especially uranium ore. Niger remains handicapped bi its landlocked position, desert terrain, poor education an poverty o its fowk, lack o infrastructur, poor health care, an environmental degradation.

Nigerien society reflects a great diversity drawn frae the lang independent histories o its several ethnic groups an regions an their relatively short period living in a single state. Historically, wha is nou Niger haes been on the fringes o several lairge states. Syne independence, Nigeriens hae lived unner five constitutions an three periods o military rule. A majority live in rural auries, an hae little access tae advanced education.