Yerevan

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Yerevan
Երևան
Ceety
Yerevan skyline wi Munt Ararat in the backgrund

Flag

Seal
Yerevan is located in Armenia
Yerevan
Yerevan
Location o Yerevan in Armenie
Coordinates: 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517Coordinates: 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Kintra Armenie
Established 782 BC
Government
 • Mayor Karen Karapetyan
Area
 • Total 300 km2 (100 sq mi)
Elevation 989.4 m (3,246.1 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,119,000
 • Density 4,896/km2 (12,680/sq mi)
Time zone GMT+4 (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) GMT+5 (UTC+5)
Area code(s) +374 10
Website www.yerevan.am
Sources: Yerevan city area [1] Sources: City population [2]

Yerevan (Armenie: Երևան or Երեւան‎, Armenian pronunciation: [jɛɾɛˈvɑn]) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Armenie an ane o the warld's auldest continuously-inhabitit ceeties. Situatit alang the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the admeenistrative, cultural, an industrial center o the kintra. It haes been the caipital syne 1918, the thirteent in the history o Armenie.

The history of Yerevan dates back tae the 8t century BC, wi the foondin o the fortress o Erebuni in 782 BC bi keeng Argishti I at the wastren extreme o the Ararat plain.[3] Efter Warld War I, Yerevan became the caipital o the Democratic Republic o Armenie as thoosans o survivors o the Armenian Genocide settled in the aurie. The ceety expandit rapidly durin the 20t century as Armenie became ane o the fifteen republics in the Soviet Union. In fiftie years, Yerevan wis transformed frae a toun o a few thoosan residents athin the Roushie Empire, tae Armenie's principal cultural, airtistic, an industrial center, as well as becomin the seat o naitional govrenment.

Wi the growth o the economy o the kintra, Yerevan haes been unnergoin major transformation as mony pairts o the ceety hae been the recipient o new construction syne the early 2000s, an retail ootlets such as restaurants, shops an street cafes, which wur rare durin Soviet times, hae multiplied.

In 2009, the population o Yerevan wis estimatit tae be 1,119,000 fowk wi the agglomeration aroond the ceety regroupin 1,245,700 fowk (2007 offeecial estimate),[4] mair than a third o aw the population o Armenie.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist played an popular sport in Yerevan is fitbaa. Yerevan haes mony fitbaa clubs wi five in the 2010 saison o the Armenian Premier League.

Club Stadium
FC Banants Banants Stadium
Kilikia FC Hrazdan Stadium
Mika FC Mika Stadium
Pyunik FC Republican Stadium
Ulisses FC Hrazdan Stadium

Yerevan haes fower major stadiums which are Banants Stadium, Mika Stadium, Republican Stadium an Hrazdan Stadium, alang wi twa sma anes; Nairi Stadium an Erebuni Stadium. Hrazdan is the main an biggest stadium which an aa hooses a sports complex that is composed o boxin an karate trainin facilities, swimmin puil, basketbaw arena an tennis courts.

The biggest indoor arena o the ceety an the whole kintra is the Karen Demirchyan Sports an Concerts Complex, which is maistly uised for Figure Skatin shows an concerts.

Armenie haes aye excelled in chess wi its players being vera aften amang the heichest ranked an decoratit. The heidquarters o the Armenian Chess Federation is locatit in the Kentron (central destrict) in Yerevan an there exists plenty o chess clubs in the ceety. In 1996, despite a severe economic crisis, Yerevan hostit the 32nt Chess Olympiad.[5] In 2006, the fower members frae Yerevan o the Armenie chess team wan the 37t Chess Olympiad in Turin an repeatit the feat at the 38t Chess Olympiad in Dresden. The Yerevan-born leader o this team, Levon Aronian, is currently ane o the warld's top chess players an is number sax on the Aprile 2008 FIDE rankins.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yerevan is member o 6 internaitional organizations: the "International Assembly of CIS Countries' Capitals an Big Cities" (MAG), the "Black Sea Capitals' Association" (BSCA), the "International Association of Francophone Mayors"[6] (AIMF), the "Organization of World Heritage Cities" (OWHC), the "International Association of Large-scale Communities" an the "International Urban Community Lighting Association" (LUCI).

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Currently, Yerevan haes thirty seester an pairtner ceeties.[7]

Ceety Kintra Year
Carrara Italy Italy Syne 1965
Podgorica Montenegro Montenegro Syne 1974
Antananarivo Madagascar Madagascar Syne 1981
Cambridge, MA Unitit States Unitit States Syne 1987[8][9]
Marseille Fraunce Fraunce Syne 1992
Athens Greece Greece Syne 1993
Lyon Fraunce Fraunce Syne 1993[10]
Stavropol Roushie Roushie Syne 1994
Isfahan Iran Iran Syne 1995
Kiev Ukraine Ukraine Syne 1995
Moscow Roushie Roushie Syne 1995
Odessa Ukraine Ukraine Syne 1995
Florence Italy Italy Syne 1996
Tbilisi Georgie (kintra) Georgie Syne 1996
Beirut Lebanon Lebanon Syne 1997
Damascus Sirie Sirie Syne 1997
Saunt Petersburg Roushie Roushie Syne 1997
Paris Fraunce Fraunce Syne 1998
Montreal Canadae Canadae Syne 1998
Volgograd Roushie Roushie Syne 1998
Bratislava Slovakie Slovakie Syne 2001[11]
Minsk Belaroushie Belaroushie Syne 2002
São Paulo Brazil Brazil Syne 2002[12][13]
Chişinău Moldovae Moldovae Syne 2005
Rostov-on-Don Roushie Russia Syne 2005
Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil Syne 2007
Los Angeles Unitit States Unitit States Syne 2007
Nice Fraunce Fraunce Syne 2007[14]
Delhi Indie Indie Syne 2008
Sofia Bulgarie Bulgarie Syne 2008
Shanghai Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Cheenae Syne 2009
Beijing Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Cheenae Syne 2011
Venice Italy Italy Syne 2011

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Armstat Yerevan
  2. "Armenia's Population". 
  3. Katsenelinboĭgen, Aron (1990). The Soviet Union: Empire, Nation and Systems. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 143. ISBN 0887383327. 
  4. "Population of each district in Yerevan according to the city's official website". Yerevan.am. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  5. "32nd Chess Olympiad: Yerevan 1996". Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  6. "AIMF: Liste des membres". 
  7. "Yerevan expanding its international relations" (in Armenian). © 2005-2009 www.yerevan.am. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  8. "A Message from the Peace Commission: Information on Cambridge's Sister Cities," 15 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  9. Richard Thompson. "Looking to strengthen family ties with 'sister cities'," Boston Globe, 12 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  10. "Partner Cities of Lyon and Greater Lyon". © 2008 Mairie de Lyon. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  11. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  12. Prefeitura.Sp - Descentralized Cooperation[deid airtin]
  13. "International Relations - São Paulo City Hall - Official Sister Cities". Prefeitura.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  14. "Yerevan official web: Sister cities: Nice".