|Naitional motto: Tanindrazana, Fahafahana, Fandrosoana (Malagasy)
Patrie, liberté, progrès (French)
"Fatherland, Liberty, Progress"(Inglis)
|Offeecial leid||Malagasy, French, Inglis|
Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -
Preses Andry Rajoelina
Albert Camille Vital
226,597 sq mi
|Foondin||26 Juin 1960|
|Siller||Malagasy ariary (MGA)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|Naitional anthem||Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Oor Belovit Faitherland
The Republic o Madagascar (aulder name Malagasy Republic, French: République malgache, Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara Template:IPA-mg) is an island naition in the Indian Ocean aff the sootheastren coast o Africae. The main island, an aa cawed Madagascar, is the fowert-lairgest island in the warld.
Most archaeologists believe Madagascar was first inhabitit sometime between 300 BC and 500 AD by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo and Sulawesi in the Indonesian archipelago. Suin afterward, Bantu migrants crossed the Mozambique Channel, an the population o the island began tae mix. Later Arab an East Africann migrants were added to the mix. Madagascar was ruled by the local Merina kingdom in the 19th century and was part of the French colonial empire from 1890 to 1960, when the current Republic of Madagascar became independent.
Madagascar is hame tae as mony as 12,000 o the warld's plant species. Approximately 80% o aw plant an animal species foond in Madagascar are endemic, including the lemur infraorder o primates, the carnivorous fossa, three bird families an three o the island's sax baobab species.