Indian Ocean

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The Indian Ocean, nae includin the Antarctic region.

The Indian Ocean is the third lairgest o the warld's oceanic diveesions, coverin approximately 20% o the watter on the Yird's surface.[1] It is boondit bi Asie—includin Indie, efter which the ocean is named[2][3][4][5]—on the north, on the wast bi Africae, on the east bi Australia, an on the sooth bi the Soothren Ocean (or, dependin on defineetion, bi Antarctica.)[6]

As ane component o the Warld Ocean, the Indian Ocean is delineatit frae the Atlantic Ocean bi the 20° east meridian runnin sooth frae Cape Agulhas, an frae the Paceefic Ocean bi the meridian o 146°55' east.[7] The northrenmaist extent o the Indian Ocean is approximately 30° north in the Persie Gulf. The ocean is nearly 10,000 km (6,200 mi) wide at the soothren tips o Africae an Australie, an its aurie is 73,556,000 km² (28,350,000 mi²),[8] includin the Reid Sea an the Persie Gulf.

The ocean's volume is estimatit tae be 292,131,000 km³ (70,086,000 mi³).[9] Smaa islands dot the continental rims. Island naitions within the ocean are Madagascar (the warld's fowert lairgest island), Comoros, Seychelles, Maldives, Mauritius, an Sri Lanka. The archipelago o Indonesie borders the ocean on the east.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Indian Ocean and the Superpowers. Routledge. 1986. ISBN 9780709942412. 
  2. Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 18 January 2011. 
  3. Indo-American relations : foreign policy orientations and perspectives of P.V. Narasimha Rao and Bill Clinton By Anand Mathur; Page 138 “India occupies the central position in the Indian Ocean region that is why the Ocean was named after India”
  4. Politics of the Indian Ocean region: the balances of power By Ferenc Albert Váli; Page 25
  5. Geography Of India For Civil Ser Exam By Hussain; Page 12-251; "INDIA AND THE GEO-POLITICS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN"(16-33)
  6. "'Indian Ocean' — Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online". Retrieved 2012-07-07. "ocean E of Africa, S of Asia, W of Australia, & N of Antarctica area ab 28,350,500 square miles (73,427,795 square kilometers)" 
  7. Limits of Oceans and Seas. International Hydrographic Organization Special Publication No. 23, 1953.
  8. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/ocean/
  9. Donald W. Gotthold, Julia J. Gotthold (1988). Indian Ocean: Bibliography. Clio Press. ISBN 1-85109-034-7. 

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