Hrazdan

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Hrazdan
Հրազդան
Ceety
Hrazdan
Hrazdan  Հրազդան is located in Armenia
Hrazdan  Հրազդան
Hrazdan
Հրազդան
Location o Hrazdan in Armenie
Coordinates: 40°30′0″N 44°46′0″E / 40.50000°N 44.76667°E / 40.50000; 44.76667Invalid arguments have been passed to the {{#coordinates:}} function
Kintra
Marz
Armenie
Kotayk
Established 1959
Government
 • Mayor Aram Razmik Danielyan
Area
 • Total 21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 1,750 m (5,740 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 52,900
 • Density 2,519/km2 (6,520/sq mi)
Time zone GMT+4 (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) GMT+5 (UTC+5)
Website www.hrazdan.am
Sources: Population [1]

Hrazdan (Armenie: Հրազդան ‎, an aa Romanized as Razdan; umwhile, Akhta, Akhti, Akhtala, Nizhniye Akhty, Nizhne Akhti, Nerkin Akhta, an Nizhnyaya Akhta) is the caipital o the Kotayk province o Armenie. The name Hrazdan is derived frae the Middle Persie name Frazdan. Farzdan is connectit tae the Zoroastrian meethology. Wi a population o 52,900 it is the fift-lairgest ceety in Armenie bi population. It haes lost significant population syne the 1989 census reportit 59,000 fowk. Durin the Soviet years it wis ane o the heichlie-industrialized touns o the Armenie SSR.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun o Hrazdan is situatit in the north-eastren pairt o Armenie. Frae the North it is bordered wi Pambak muntains, frae the sooth-wast wi Tsakhkunyats muntains, frae the east the border crosses Geghama muntains up tae the top o Goutanasar muntain. Hrazdan River flows alang the town, an the streamlets Marmarik an Aghveran flow intae it.

The ceety is locatit on a height that ranges atween 1600 an 1750 meters abuin sea level. The annual average temperature o the air is 6 °C. The amoont o annual precipitation is 715–730 mm.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hrazdan is ane o the ceeties which hae been established durin the Soviet rule. The centre o Hrazdan region (umwhile Akhta region) between 1930-59 was Akhta village, which is the southern destrict o the present-day Hrazdan toun. In 1959 Akhta veelage wis classifee'd as a settlement o urban type o the Republic an in the same year it wis renamed Hrazdan. Wi the order o the Supreme Soviet o the Armenian SSR, 12 Januar 1963 "Aboot territorial chynges in the Armenie SSR", the veelages o Atabekyan, Jrarat, Kakavadzor an Makravan veelages hae been merged athin the toun o Hrazdan.[2] In fact, the toun o Hrazdan wis formed through the merger o a group o separate settlements. Thus, efter becomin a toun o regional dependence, Hrazdan stairtit tae chynge rapidly. Durin that period, the population o Hrazdan wis approximately 61,000. The auncient inhabitants o the toun wur frae the regions o Sasun, Kars an Mush o Wastren Armenie, an the regions o Maku, Salmast an Khoi o the present-day Iran, who arrived in the aurie atween 1926-29. Durin the Soviet era, citizens frae ither regions o Armenie an Armenians frae Diaspora wur settled in Hrazdan.

In December 1995, Hrazdan became the centre o Kotayk province.

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hrazdan is ane o the maist industrialized ceeties in the Republic o Armenie. The ceety operates ane o the biggest thermoelectrical pouer stations in the region. The hydro pouer station o Hrazdan lies on the shores o Lake Tsovinar. The cement factory o Hrazdan which haes been put in action in 1970, is ane o the lairgest enterprises in the Caucasus. Ither types o industries in Hrazdan include: carpet manufacturin, production o electrical equipments, dairy products an cattle-breedin.

Education an cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hrazdan is hame tae ane private heicher educational institute, the Hrazdan Humanitarian Institute, which haes 3 faculties: law, pedagogy an economics. Twa intermediate colleges are operatin in the toun.

Currently, there are 13 public education schools, 13 nursery schools, 1 school for special needs an several special schools for muisic, airts an sports.

The seicont Human Rights Library Network (HRLN) library o the Armenian Constitutional Right-Protective Centre (ACRPC) wis established in Hrazdan in 1998.

The community o Hrazdan are vigorously involved in cultural activities. The municipality runs the Hrazdan toun Dramatic Theatre foondit in 1953. The Hrazdan branch o the State Gallery o Armenie an the Geological Museum o Hrazdan are an aa run bi the municipality. The third museum o the ceety is the History Museum foondit bi Armen Aivazyan, wi mair than 4,000 exhibits, some o which are 2-3 million years auld.

Steids o interest:

  • Aghbyurak Kirk o the 10t century.
  • Surb Stepanos (Saunt Stephen) Monastic Complex o the 10t century.
  • Makaravan Monastic Complex o the 10-13t centuries, it haes two kirks: Surb Amenaprkich (10t century) an Surb Astvatsatsin (13t century).
  • Surb Karapet Kirk o Jrarat built in 1831, currently unner reconstruction.
  • Surb Khach (Holy Cross) Kirk o Kojor built in 1861.
  • Surb Mariam Astvatsatsin (Holy Mither o God) Kirk o Vanatur built in 1883.
  • Lake Tsovinar wi its surroondin pairks.
  • The rivers o Hrazdan, Marmarik an Aghveran.

Tsaghkadzor toun-resort is locatit anerlie 10 km north o Hrazdan.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]