Athena

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Athena
Goddess of Wisdom, Warfare, Divine intelligence, Architecture and Crafts[1]
Patron Goddess of Athens[1]
Athena Parthenos Altemps Inv8622.jpg
Marble Greek copy signed "Antiokhos", a first century BC variant o
Phidias' fift-century Athena Promachos that stuid on the Acropolis
Abode Munt Olympus, Athens, Mani
Symbol Owls, Olive trees, Snakes, Aegis, Armor,
Helmets, Spears, Gorgoneion
Parents Zeus an Metis[2]
Siblings Porus[3]
Roman equivalent Minerva

In Greek religion an meethologie, Athena or Athene (/əˈθnə/ or /əˈθn/; Attic: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā), referred tae as Pallas Athena/Athene (/ˈpæləs/; Παλλὰς Ἀθηνᾶ; Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη) an aw, is the goddess o wisdom, courage, inspiration, ceevilization, law an juistice, juist warfare, mathematics, strenth, strategie, the airts, crafts, an skill. Minerva is the Roman goddess identifee'd wi Athena.[4]

Athena is a shrewd companion o heroes an aw an is the goddess o heroic endeavour. She is the virgin patroness o Athens. The Athenians foondit the Parthenon on the Acropolis o her namesak ceety, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honour.[4]

Athena's veneration as the patron o Athens seems tae hae existit frae the earliest times, an wis so persistent that archaic meeths aboot her wur recast tae adapt tae cultural changes. In her role as a protector o the ceety (polis), mony fowk throuoot the Greek warld wirshipit Athena as Athena Polias (Ἀθηνᾶ Πολιάς "Athena o the ceety"). The ceety o Athens an the goddess Athena essentially bear the same name,[5] "Athenai" meanin "[mony] Athenas".

Footnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Athena". Myths Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 4 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-11-24. 
  2. Accordin tae Hesiod's Theogony, Metis wis Athena's mither, but, accordin tae Homer's Iliad, she sprang fort frae Zeus' heid an haed nae mither.
  3. Porus wis Athena's hauf-brither acause he wis the son o Metis alane while Athena wis the dochter o Zeus an, accordin tae Hesiod, Metis.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Deacy, Susan, and Alexandra Villing. Athena in the Classical World. Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2001. Print.
  5. "Whether the goddess was named after the city or the city after the goddess is an ancient dispute" (Burkert 1985:139)

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Media relatit tae Athena at Wikimedie Commons