Alexandria

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Alexandria
Αλεξάνδρεια (Greek)
الإسكندرية (Arabic)
al-Eskandariyya
Ceety
Alexandria

Flag
Nickname(s): Pearl o the Mediterranean
Alexandria is located in Egypt
Alexandria
Alexandria
Location in Egyp
Coordinates: 31°12′N 29°55′E / 31.200°N 29.917°E / 31.200; 29.917
Kintra Banner o Egyp Egyp
Govrenorate Alexandria
Foondit 332 BC
Government
 • Govrenor vacant
Area
 • Total 1,034 sq mi (2,679 km2)
Population (2006)
 • Total 4,110,015
  CAPMS 2006 Census
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) ++3
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Alexandria (Arabic: الإسكندرية al-Iskandariyya; Coptic: Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ Rakotə; Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια; Auncient Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ κατ' Αἴγυπτον; Egyptian Arabic: اسكندريه [eskendeˈrejːæ]), wi a population o 4.1 million, is the seicond-lairgest ceety in Egyp, an is the kintra's lairgest seaport, servin approximately 80% o Egyp's imports an exports. Alexandria is an' a' an important tourist resort. Alexandria extends aboot 32 km (20 mi) alang the coast o the Mediterranean Sea in north-central Egyp. It is hame tae the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (the new Library o Alexandria). It is an important industrial center acause o its natural gas an oil pipelines frae Suez.

In auncient times, Alexandria wis ane o the maist famous ceeties in the warld. It wis foondit aroond a sma pharaonic toun c. 331 BC bi Alexander the Great. It remained Egyp's caipital for nearly a thoosan years, till the Muslim conquest o Egyp in AD 641, when a new caipital wis foondit at Fustat (Fustat wis later absorbed intae Cairo). Alexandria wis kent acause of its Lichthouse o Alexandria (Pharos), ane o the Seiven Wonders o the Ancient Warld; its library (the lairgest library in the ancient warld); an the Catacombs o Kom el Shoqafa, ane o the Seiven Wonders o the Middle Ages. Ongoin maritime archaeology in the harbor o Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealin details o Alexandria baith afore the arrival o Alexander, when a ceety named Rhacotis existit there, an durin the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Frae the late 19t century, Alexandria became a major center o the internaitional shippin industry an ane o the maist important tradin centers in the warld, baith acause it profitit frae the easy owerland connection atween the Mediterranean Sea an the Red Sea, an the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Alexandria is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  2. "Sister Cities Home Page".  eThekwini Online: The Official Site of the City of Durban
  3. "Baltimore City Mayor's Office of International and Immigrant Affairs - Sister Cities Program". Retrieved 18 July 2009. [deid airtin]